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- Identifying story elements
- Finding the essence of a story
- Importing folders and stills as keyword collections
- Using keywords to make clips accessible
- Prepping clips for editing
- Developing story diversity
- Sculpting the story within the timeline
- Fine-tuning edits
- Organizing separate story segments into independent storylines
- Recording a narration track
- Adding sound effects
- Applying effects to enhance story elements
- Adding freeze frames
Skill Level Intermediate
When you were developing story ideas from the Delicious Peace footage you created several projects, each following a different thread or storyline, such as coffee making, the importers who purchase the coffee, and so on. And now it's time to weave those threads together, to compound them to create a richer and more complex story. But how do you weave and compound sections into one story when they live in different projects? Well, let's start with the Coffee project. Just to review, this is the project that contains the sequence of clips that demonstrate to us how the coffee is produced and enjoyed by the Ugandan coffee growers.
That tells us one story, but if you recall there is no one else speaking to us about the process or telling us anything about the history, or the fact that there are three religious groups that have gotten together to make this all possible. For that, we need to turn to additional information, and one of the projects that's been created is a Narration project. Here we went through and cleaned up the narration clips and put them in an order that first explains a little bit about who these people are. (Audio Playing) Narrator: In the foothills of Africa's fourth largest mountain, a group of Christian, Jewish, and Muslim coffee farmers affirmatively decided to marry peaceful inner-relationships, with economic development.
Diana Weynand: And then we also have an ending clip that lets us come to a close with the narrator. (Video Playing) Narrator: which they have enhanced, by adding the requirement of peace. Diana Weynand: So why don't we take this group of clips from this project? Let's copy them. We can also use a shortcut Command+ C, and now let's paste them into the Coffee project. You can also; to go back to the Coffee project could've clicked the History arrow. Now if we put our playhead at the beginning of this project and use the shortcut to paste, Command+V, what happens is that Final Cut will edit those clips onto the primary storyline.
That's not what we want. So let's undo that by pressing Command +Z. What we want is to connect those narration clips, in this case beneath the coffee clips. Well, when you have copied something you have a couple of additional paste options from the Edit menu. One of those is to Paste as Connected Clip. So if you select that, and the shortcut is Option+V, now Final Cut will connect those narration clips starting where the skimmer and the playhead were, and now all the narration clips appear beneath the coffee clips. Well just looking at this, I know I wouldn't like it, because we haven't given the narrator any breathing room.
There's no time, we'd be cutting straight from one clip or one narration clip to another. So let's spread these clips out. This process can be as easy as just grabbing a clip and moving it down the line. This is just opening up the narration. And you might get lucky, you might hit it at a good place, you might decide that you don't like this positioning. But it gives you a place to start. Let's even kick this first clip in a little bit. Let's see what we've got. (Video Playing) Narrator: In the foothills of Africa's fourth largest mountain, a group of Christian, Jewish, and Muslim coffee farmers affirmatively decided to marry peaceful inner-relationships, with economic development.
In the global world of commodities, coffee takes second place only to petroleum. Diana Weynand: So far, it's helped quite a bit to hear this historical perspective that the narrator provided beneath the coffee clips. We even caught a little bit of magic by hearing this man speak. (Video Playing) Male Speaker: (unintelligible speech) Diana Weynand: And then hearing the coffee, you can always refine this positioning, just simply drag the clip. This is one way to combine two sections together to create a more complex story, but there are other ways. Let's go back to the Project Library and duplicate this coffee project.
Again we want to place it at Storytelling with FCP X drive, but we don't want to include the render files. In this project we want to combine the coffee with one of the clips from the Americans. Let's open this project. Since we're going to be allowing Ben to tell some of the story we can select the narration clips and delete them. And now let's go back to the Project Library and open the Importers project. The clip we want to use is called Ben 2, let's listen to a little bit.
(Video Playing) Ben: The farmers of Peace Kawomera grow what's known in the world of coffee as a Bugisu Arabica, and this is a coffee that's been known by coffee buyers for decades, even upwards of a hundred years. Diana Weynand: This is quite fascinating. We're learning something about the kind of coffee the coffee growers are growing, and it might work really well attached to those coffee growing clips. Let's select it, let's Copy it, use the shortcut Command+Left bracket, which will take me back to the previous project, the Coffee and Ben project.
Now as we did before with the narration, we want to edit this copied clip as a Connected Clip. But when we do that with this video clip, Final Cut Pro places it above the primary storyline, because this clip has video. But we don't want to be seeing Ben this entire time, and rather than split his audio from his video, we can do something much simpler. We can drag Ben's clip beneath the primary storyline and connect it to the first clip in the project. Now, just as we saw with narration we probably don't want Ben talking the entire time.
Because we have a longer project, a longer story of the coffee growers that we want to cover. So what we might want to do is actually go through and use our Blade tool to chop some of the Ben's dialog up into smaller chunks. Let's see how that would work. Let's get the Blade tool. (Video Playing) Ben: in the world of coffee as a Bugisu Arabica, Diana Weynand: So he identifies the type of coffee and we can cut the clip at that point. (Video Playing) Ben: and this is a coffee that's been known by coffee buyers for decades, even upwards of a hundred years.
Diana Weynand: So every times he pauses in what he's saying, that might be a nice opportunity to just pause in the flow of the dialog and allow us to absorb what we're seeing on the screen of the coffee growers. (Video Playing) Ben: The character of their coffee is really unique, it's a very special kind of flavor that when done right, is very easily identified as a Bugisu coffee from the slopes of Mt. Elgon. It can't be -- Diana Weynand: He tends to go on and on there and this is a place where you could go in and really start to refine these clips.
Cut this up, but you have to be very careful to refine. For example, at the beginning of this third clip. (Video Playing) Ben: Uh, the character of -- Diana Weynand: When we separate this clip, do we really want him to start by saying, uh. (Video Playing) So once you start to split those primary clips up, don't forget that stage of cutting out the distractions, make sure that you get rid of the distractions, because now starting by itself you want to start clean. (Video Playing) Ben: The character of their coffee is really unique, Diana Weynand: And maybe that's another place to stop, is really unique.
Make sure Snapping is on, and continue to split and cut and refine as you go. Well, let's move this first clip down a little bit. I want to show you what else you can do. At some point you're going to want to know, who the heck is talking, who are you hearing. So let's take a listen from the beginning of this project and see where a good point might be to actually show Ben. (Video Playing) Ben: The farmers of Peace Kawomera grow what's known in the world of coffee as a Bugisu Arabica, and this is a coffee that's been known by -- Diana Weynand: So it might be a good time now after we see these coffee beans, he has identified them, it might be nice at this point to see Ben continue with his next line.
Now we can't just drag the clips down using the Select tool, because with the Magnetic Timeline their job is to keep all the clips together. Instead we go to the more manual Position tool, and let's select this first clip that we want to bump down; it'll be this clip of the woman picking coffee, and Shift+Click the last one. That will allow us to drag these clips down and notice that because Ben is connected to that clip, we might want to reposition him under the black gap which was created when we moved the clips down.
Black gap clips are extremely important in this type of editing, because you can trim them which will allow you to determine how much time you want to be on Ben before you cut back to the remaining coffee story. Let's see how this works. (Video Playing) Ben: and this is a coffee that's been known by coffee buyers for decades, even upwards of a hundred years. Diana Weynand: So this might be a great start. Now I just want to show you, I've edited a Coffee and Ben project and you can see how many clips I've made out of Ben, I've cut some of the ums and ahs out, and I've positioned them underneath the black gap clips.
And of course when you have a black gap what shows through is the video underneath. Let's listen to little bit of this. (Video Playing) Ben: The farmers of Peace Kawomera grow what's known in the world of coffee as a Bugisu Arabica, and this is a coffee that's been known by coffee buyers for decades, even upwards of a hundred years. The character of their coffee is really unique, Diana Weynand: So as you can see, it can take a lot of detailed work, but you can really start to get some fun things when you combine clips.
Combining story elements from one project into another, it's just a great way to build layers into your story and create that richer and more interesting experience for your viewers.