Join Ashley Kennedy for an in-depth discussion in this video Auditioning clips to try multiple editing options, part of Final Cut Pro X 10.2 Essential Training.
- In this movie I wanna take a look at how to audition clips. Auditioning is a way to try out multiple shots in your sequence without actually committing to one until you see how it works in the context of the surrounding shots. We got a sneak peak of this in the last chapter when we talked about recording voiceover audio and we did several takes within one audition. So, check that movie out for this very cool feature. For now, let's take a look at the fundamentals of auditions. All right, so I have my chocolate montage here.
And I think everything is looking really good. But I'm kinda curious how a couple of other shots might work to open things up. I don't necessarily want to perform the edits because I might not like them as well, and then I just have to remove it, and edit the first shot back in if it doesn't work out. So, we're gonna use auditions to make things a little easier. All right, I'm just gonna play the opening few shots of this and I'm specifically interested in this first shot. So, we're panning across the sign here, and I have a couple of other possibilities that I might like to try in it's place.
So, let's take a look. (French music) All right, so, let's check out the timing of this first shot because timing is important. Everything is cut to the beat and we don't want to mess anything up. So, I'm going to just select it and we see down here that it is three seconds and 12 frames. Now, what I wanna do is get this shot here, which is my candidate for replacement, and I'm going to mark an end point.
And now I'm gonna press ctrl + d and we see the duration from my end point to the end. But ctrl + d works for us in a number of ways, including being able to set a specific duration. So, I'm just gonna type in 3 12 enter and now I have a three second and 12 frame shot. So, I'm just going to drag and drop this right on top and you might be saying, "This kinda looks "like a replace edit," and you would be right. But when I release the mouse, instead of choosing one of the replace edit options, I'm gonna come down and choose Add to Audition.
Now, right away it might not look like anything happened but if you take a look at this spotlight in the upperleft corner, that is the audition spotlight, and then if I click on it this is the audition window. So, this is the first option, and then over here is the second option. So, you can either click on either one of these thumbnails or you can use your left and right arrow keys to switch back and forth. So, I'll just say done here and let's test this out. (French music) And maybe I didn't like it quite as well.
So, I can just reopen my audition window. Instead of clicking on the spotlight, I can just use the keyboard shortcut of Y and that opens back up, and left arrow to get back over there, and enter on the keyboard, and we did it all with the keyboard. All right, so very, very efficient. Now, you can add as many clips as you want into an audition. Maybe instead of two shots I want to try out three or five or 10. All you do is you mark the sections that you want to add into the audition and then drag it down, and add to audition, or I'll show you that you can actually use the keyboard shortcut for that as well.
All right, I'm gonna come up to this. So, we might consider bringing in this shot here. I'm gonna mark an in and because we care about the timing I should make this three seconds and 12 frames, but I'm going to show you what happens if you don't do that, all right? So, let's just see how long this is, ctrl + d. Okay, it's 13 seconds and eight frames. So, it's way too long but let me just show you this. All you need to do now is make sure that this clip is selected in the timeline, that this clip is selected in the browser, and then you use the keyboard shortcut of ctrl + shift + y, and it added it to the audition.
You can't tell until you open the audition window. I'll press y and right arrow, right arrow, and you can see how much longer it is. If you have a clip that doesn't match the duration of the previous ones then it's just gonna insert itself into the sequence and then you have a problem. Of course, I can just extract what I don't need. So, I'll put an in point here and then delete, and I fixed it, and if we play over this, let's see if we like it. (French music) Okay, and maybe I just wanna go back into the audition window and say, "I like my first choice after all." And enter and we've got it back.
Let me come down to this clip here and now I wanna discuss duplicating clips in an audition. Well first, let me just show you that if I wanted to duplicate clips that were already in an audition I could just select the clip and then press duplicate, and then it duplicates it right here. I'm gonna undo that, cmd + z, because I wanna show you how to do it if there is no audition to start with. What I do is I come up to Clip, Audition, and I can choose Duplicate as Audition, that's opt + y, and you can see here that I have a spotlight, and now I have two identical clips.
Now, why would I want two identical clips in an audition? Well, this is most often used if you wanna try out a clip with a specific video effect or color correction effect applied to it. So, maybe you want to try one clip as is and one clip with a filter. So, again, we haven't gotten into effects yet but I'll just do something very simple. Come to my effect browser and I'm going to apply a vignette to this one right here. So, I just drag and drop and you can see that this clip has a vignette, and this clip does not.
So, maybe I want to go over to my clip with the effect and enter, okay. And now I can see what it looks like with a little bit of a focused vignette on it. (French music) Okay, and I can duplicate as many as I want. I can either duplicate the clip with the effect on it or I can duplicate the raw clip. So, if I wanted to go vignette and then also something like a bleached bypass, so, and now you can see that we can really start stacking effects.
So, I think that looks a little ridiculous so I'm going to undo, cmd + z, all right, so now we're back to these two. And let's say, "I don't need it anyway "so I'm just gonna go back to the original clip." Enter and I'm done. Now, when you audition clips you don't have to ever take the other clips out of the audition. But if you're sure that you wanna keep one shot and you know that you won't need any others. Then you can right click on your audition clip and come to Audition, and say Finalize Audition. And that's opt + shift + y.
And when you do that the spotlight goes away and you no longer have access to the other clips inside of the audition. All right, so as you can see auditioning clips is easy and it's a really efficient way to try out different shots without the logistical slowdown of actually committing to the edit in order to see it.
Learn how to build and refine your story with the powerful editing toolset in Final Cut Pro X 10.2. In this course, author Ashley Kennedy gets you comfortable with each aspect of the editing process in Final Cut. She begins with a Quick Start chapter to quickly take you through an entire project from start to finish, and then dives deeply into each step of the post-production process—from preparation and organization, to editing and refining, to audio and effects, to media management and exporting. Each stage of the postproduction workflow is explained thoroughly and concisely, and uses real-world examples from both narrative and documentary workflows.
This lynda.com course and its exercise files are compatible with Final Cut Pro X v10.2 or later. Upgrade your software to v10.2 to take this course. For training on older versions of the program, watch Final Cut Pro X 10.1.x Essential Training or Final Cut Pro X 10.0.9 Essential Training.
- Touring the interface
- Ingesting and organizing assets
- Navigating and marking footage
- Performing basic edits
- Moving and removing clips
- Trimming in the timeline
- Working with connected clips and secondary storylines
- Editing audio
- Multicam editing
- Working with effects
- Correcting color
- Managing libraries and projects
- Sharing and exporting projects