Dramatic irony and situational irony are two tools that filmmakers can use to tell better stories and involve the withholding of information and the revealing of information to the audience. Film directors can use dramatic irony by giving the audience information that the characters don't have. Situational irony is created by playing against the expectations of the audience.
- Part of being a good storyteller…is being able to recognize and quantify…familiar storytelling tools.…In this journal, we're going to look at…two common tricks in particular,…dramatic irony and situational irony.…Dramatic irony is when the audience knows something…that the characters don't.…I once made another short film called Incognita…that has quick scene of dramatic irony.…As our heroin looks around,…she reveals someone in the background…that intends her harm.…We see him, but she doesn't,…this is dramatic irony.…Hitchcock was a master of dramatic irony…and used it to create tension in a lot of his movies.…
In Rope, for example,…some guys have killed one of their friends,…hid his body in this table,…and then had a party.…The guest at the party don't know…what's hidden beneath the serving tray,…but we do.…What adds to the tension is that Farley Granger's character,…Phillip, is terrified of getting caught.…In The Assurance we had a little bit of dramatic irony,…but I don't think it ended up being very clear…in the final version of the film.…
Watch and learn how to shoot a script, using visual motifs, atmospherics, framing, and different types of shots to tell the film's story. Find out how to give direction to your crew and be a good leader, while staying on budget and on schedule. Plus, get tips to improve shots during retakes or in post, and to become a better director, storyteller, and communicator.
Note: Like the rest of the Creating a Short Film series, this course was shot during the production of The Assurance. It offers a unique window into the actual struggles and challenges filmmakers have to overcome to get films made. Find the rest of the courses in the series on Chad's author page.
- What a director does
- Interpreting the script
- Scouting locations
- Choosing the tone and theme of the film
- Using motifs
- Shaping the story through visuals
- Being a good leader on set
- Respecting budgets and schedules
- Planning shots
- Moving the camera: on a tripod or dolly or in handheld shots
- Using rolling takes
- Framing shots
- Adding atmospherics
- Directing in post-production
- Becoming a better director
Skill Level Intermediate
Creating a Short Film: 01 Producingwith Chad Perkins1h 6m Intermediate
Creating a Short Film: 02 Writingwith Chad Perkins3h 17m Intermediate
Creating a Short Film: 04 Working with Actorswith Chad Perkins1h 49m Intermediate
1. Preparing for Production
2. Themes and Tone
3. Shaping the Story
4. Running the Set
5. Planning Shots in a Scene
6. Getting the Shot
7. Improving the Shot
8. Directing in Post-Production
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