Erik explains that one video camera is not good for all types of shooting situations. He shows you what video camera will work best for Event, Wedding videography, Commercial Production, News and Run and Gun style plus narrative filmmaking or short films. full size ENG cameras and Camcorders are are great for fast paced shooting. Cinema Cameras for filmmaking and production. DSLR and Mirrorless are great for low budget filmmaking.
- With so many choices of cameras out there, it's hard to find the right one. Any camera can be made to work for your needs, but it sure can be difficult to do. That's why we have a variety of models to choose from. Whether you'll be shooting documentaries, filming news events, narrative, or commercials, each requires a certain type of camera setup. Actually knowing what you're shooting is the first step in finding the right camera. Before we dive into some of the shooting genres, let's talk a little bit about each camera type.
Let's start with the full-size shoulder mount camera, also referred to as ENG, or electronic news-gathering camera. This large camera is designed to sit balanced on your shoulder for shooting handheld. It has all you need built in: professional audio inputs, record level controls, all on the body, and video outputs too. The ENG camera also has a nice long lens for zooming in to capture that tight shot. It also has a nice big battery that helps balance the camera and several media card slots for long record times.
Next, we have the camcorder. Camcorders aren't designed to sit on your shoulder. You hold them in front of you. This can get tiring if you need to shoot handheld with them for long periods of time. A tripod is best, but a monopod like this is invaluable when you need to move fast with a camcorder. You get steady shots with a small footprint without having to buy an expensive shoulder mount camera. Camcorders usually have very good Pro XLR audio inputs and easy-to-access record levels.
Batteries last a good long time, and record times can be long too. Up next, the hybrid. We covered the hybrid a lot early in this course and learned that it's a very versatile tool for video. Its strengths are the large sensor that gives us that beautiful shallow depth of feel. But getting audio into the camera is a little harder and monitoring it can be an issue. The recording levels are in the menu, making it harder to change quickly. Most have a 30-minute record limit that can be an issue if you need to record a longer presentation or event.
Now let's talk about my favorite, the cinema camera. The cinema camera has a nice big sensor that gets you a very cinematic look with all the controls you need on the camera, just like with a camcorder but the lens isn't included. You can use a lot of different type of lenses, making the cinema camera a very versatile production tool. Lastly, something you might want to look into is specialty cameras. I'd recommend having a really small action camera like a GoPro or these new micro cinema cameras in your kit.
They're so small and can be mounted almost anywhere and go places where you wouldn't put a traditional camera. These little cameras add a lot of production value to any project without breaking the bank. Now we have a base knowledge of different cameras, let's talk about different shooting situations that these cameras work best in, starting with news and photojournalism.
Evaluating your production workflow and the camera options out there can save you time, money, and maybe even your sanity. Camera enthusiast Erik Naso is here to help. He'll teach you how to ask the right questions and pick the right camera—balancing "the camera I should buy" with "the camera I want to buy," so you end up happy with your purchase over the long run. Learn how to figure out your budget and needs; understand the different file formats, sensors, and lenses available; and choose the right accessories for any shooting situation.
- Understanding the camera components: sensor, lens, etc.
- Evaluating audio inputs
- Taking your type of production into account
- Deciding on a budget
- Choosing accessories such as tripods and gimbals
- Camera codecs and media cost