Understanding video effects
Understanding video effects
Video effects add polish, flair and pizzazz to your project. You apply video effects directly on the video clips and Premiere Elements comes with more than 90 video effects in the Windows version and about 18 fewer in the Mac version. Video effects have parameters that you can customize or change over time. That ability to animate video effects is a very cool powerful feature that you'll use time and again. Unlike transitions that have a maximum of 10 parameters selected from a set of 10 parameters, video effects can have dozens of parameters unique to each video effect.
So it's impractical for me to show you every single video effect. What I want to do now is give you a taste for how video effects work, demonstrate a few of them. In the other movies in this chapter you'll do some hands-on work. I'm going to demonstrate a number of effects here and show you some of the possibilities of effects and in some of these effects we'll be using layered clips, composited clips, which is a topic I'm not going to be covering in this particular chapter. I'm going to cover that in a separate chapter called "Superimposing and layering clips." But I do want to give you a sense of some of the cool things you can do with effects.
The first order business is to look at the video effects. So you find them under Edit up here, Edit workspace. I'm going to click on Effects and there are the various effects. They're categorized. Just Adjust, Blur & Sharp, Keying, all that kinds of effects. If you want to see how an effect will look with a particular clip, you can go to a clip and click on it and it'll show up in these little thumbnails, once you click on this little eyeball here that says Use current frame for thumbnails. There is the current frame that you're going to check out with these thumbnails.
To get a sense of how it's going to work. It's not a perfect solution, because lots of these things are default views, which aren't any different than the current view, but at least you get a sense for how some effects are going to work here. It's really a good thing. Now what I've done for this first one is I've used what's called a fixed effect. I want to show you a couple of fixed effect and then move on to the standard effects. What I've done is I've put this side of Gabriella down here, this background, and I've put a shot of her on top so that they sandwich together like that. That's pretty cool. You wonder how something like that can be done? We'll just play it and I'll show you how that looks.
(Music playing) (Woman speaking: Nice stretch here at the end.) (Music playing) (Woman speaking: And stretch!) (Music playing) What I did was I used Opacity. Let me click on this clip and when you want to edit an effect, you need to make the clip active, select it, and then go to Edit Effects inside the Effects view. Edit > Effects. You notice that here there are four effects associated with this clip automatically to begin with. Every time you have a clip that has audio and video with it, you're going to have Motion/Opacity for the video side, and Volume and Balance for the audio side.
It might be a little different on the Mac side but basically this is how it's going to look. I'll open up Motion and I've not done anything there to change things. I'll open up Opacity and Opacity will be different as I move through this clip. The Opacity will change. Notice how that little slider goes left and right? It's going left and right because I told it to do that using something called keyframes and the keyframes are tucked away over here in this little keyframes mini timeline. Each of these guys is a keyframe, saying start here, do something along this route here and stop, hold that position, keep that position here and then change back.
I've taken Opacity from transparent, zero opacity, to about 40-50% opacity there, so now they're blending together, this clip below down. Hold that and then basically from here I don't go back to 0. I actually go to 100% because I want to transition to a tighter shot here. Right as the coach said "stretch." That's a fixed effect, theOopacity fixed effect. We move on to this clip where I've got Alexandria inside this box, off to one side.
I've used Motion for her, the other fixed effect for Alexandria. So I'm still on Gabriella's effect here. I need to click on this Alexandria clip to switch over the view to make sure I make this active. Now it says Alexandria. All sorts of keyframes here, because I also added an effect called Crop, so I could make that little box. Crop away stuff from the edges there to follow her, but let's focus on Motion for now. The Motion has keyframes for the Position, where is this box located on the screen. Now also how big of an area I'm showing inside the box.
All these guys will do that to allow her to go through the screen pretty much steadily the left hand side. Let's just play that. (Music playing) (Woman speaking: Three, four, five.) You have the tight shot, match much... That's how you can use motion and don't have to crop to do that. Let's look at this next clip. This is a photo and usually when you work with a photo you try to get as high a resolution as possible so you can zoom in on them. So here's my great grandfather and my great grandfather, as you'll see in a moment, on my mother's side had five daughters. Along with his wife of course, my great grandmother.
So I figure that he deserves that little zoom there. See how that worked? Let me select that clip to make that clip active and I'll show that he has Motion applied to him or actually to little picture. From that spot to position on the scale let me Zoom Out and move across the screen to show the whole family and you might notice that these keyframes look different. They have a particular characteristic that allows me to zoom out gradually. It's called ease out and thne ease in. Doesn't show up that well on the screen because it's pushing the processor pretty hard here, but that's the process of making a smooth move instead of having an abrupt move.
I figure that the two of these guys deserve a little reward for having five girls, so I superimposed something over the top of them. We'll see that in a moment. Couple of little roses there to reward them. Notice the roses spin. Let me show you that. The other little aspect of Motion is that you can make things rotate. That's why the roses rotate on and grow as well. So those are the two fixed effects, Motion and Opacity. Let's move on to this clip here, my agility clip. Lots of times you're going to want to adjust the contrast and brightness and hue and saturation of the clip so you can use a particular effect over and over again.
This is a standard effect, so to apply that you go to Effects. You go down here look for that particular one which is called Image Control. This one you'll use frequently, typically for portraits, for outdoor scenes, what have you. Now I've applied that affect to this clip to get required edit effects and that's called Image Control. So this a standard effect and is used to adjust the brightness if you want, and the contrast, and the hue, which makes it different color, makes it a little bit warmer and how deep, how rich those colors are. That's something that you will use over and over again.
Let's move on to this particular effect. This effect is called Ripple. You can apply these all kinds of effects, but let me show this to you that here is Ripple and when you use Ripple, you cannot animate it at all. It animates for you. At least it looks like it's animating for you. Notice there's this little black here around here. Sometimes you work with effects kind of in concert with other ones. So here we're going to take Motion, here's Ripple down here, but take Motion and zoom in a bit to get rid of that black stuff and that way we can have the Motion not have the black background. Let's move on this next one. Sometimes you have actors who work in front of what are called green screens. Now here's my producer Nick, walks into the scene there. He's going to take a little sip out of the bottle there and head on out of the scene.
Obviously we don't want to show it some old green screen. We want to put Nick somewhere out there in the wilds of Sonoma County. So we use something called the green screen. Well, I'll also use something called a garbage matte to take away some dark area of the clip here and then I apply what's called the Green Screen effect. Boom, that green is gone. You can make solid colors transparent. So let's see how this particular one looks? Okay, you're going to hang out there. Nick! We've got-- wait! Pay attention! Oh, wait! That was close! Just in time. Okay let's move on here.
I've got another photo here. Sometimes you put photos over backgrounds like this and you can use what are called presets to kind of help you out. So let me show you some effect presets. Under Video Effects we have Presets and I'd like to put a bevel edge around some photos, so I just look for the Beveled Edges and take a Bevel Edge and apply it to that photo, there it is, and a Bevel Edge and apply it to this photo. Another thing that's nice to do is to apply a drop shadow. So its easy now with these guys. Just Drop Shadow there and Drop Shadow there.
That makes those guys look much cooler against that brown background. It makes them stand away from that brown background. One more little thing then we'll wrap it up. It's this little underwater clip. You can use presets as well to actually animate some actions inside here. So presets have some built-in keyframes to allow you to animate things. I'm going to go to Twirls and this thing twirls in, meaning it'll start twirled and then it'll get un-twirled. So let's see how that looks. Whoa. Twirls and then straightens out and you can also make it twirl out.
Using these presets, you can apply more than one preset to a clip to have it twirl in. I'm going to right-click on this guy and change that Playback Quality to Automatic so it runs a little bit more smoothly. Twirl in and then twirl out. So I think you can see that video effects have loads of possibilities.
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