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- Creating and managing content and content types
- Embedding videos and other media
- Publishing and subscribing to RSS feeds
- Setting up blocks, banners, menus, and forms
- Allowing users to rate content
- Managing comments and spam
- Tracking site usage
- Collecting feedback with web forms
- Duplicating and deleting sites
- Adding custom domains
- Changing the site's main logo and favicon
Skill Level Appropriate for all
As we discussed in the video "Creating and Managing content," Drupal stores all content as nodes. News items and blog post are simply different kinds of nodes, and these are called content types. Three things set content types apart from each other. First and most obviously, is their identity-- that is, all news items are categorized as news items. The shared identities that nodes have within a content type means that they can be gathered together using views. You will learn more about that in the video later in this course about creating dynamic pages with simple views.
The second thing that sets one content type apart from another is how they collect and hold different bits of information, called fields. So a content type called customer might have a field for phone numbers, for example, and another field for contact preferences. Then when you create a node of that customer content type, you have place to put those little bites of information. Lastly, content types vary in how they display that information. This video will show you how to create a content type, add fields to it, and change the way they are displayed.
The campaign template that we are using in this Drupal Gardens site comes with six of those content types already built in, and I'll show you how to create another one. But first, let's take a look at those six content types. To do so, we go to Structure and Content types. Each one of these lines is a different content type, and their name should look familiar to you from when you create content in a previous video. Next to each content type's name are four links to edit and delete the content types, and then manage the fields that are in them, and manage the display of those fields.
Very quickly, I am just going to show you one of those content types, Basic page. If we click on manage fields, we see that it only has two: Title and Body. If we click Add content and then a node of that Basic page content type, you see Title and Body, and that's all, and that pretty much gives an overview of how content types relate to nodes. What we are going to do now is go back and create our own content type. Since this site is about exploring California, I am going to create one called "Tour." I do that by clicking Add content type then typing in the name, "Tour." You can also add a description.
Now this only shows up when somebody creates a node of that content type. It doesn't actually appear before ordinary users of the site. I am going just to add something here so it's clear to somebody who wants to create a Tour node. I'll say, "A tour package we offer." Down at the bottom of the page, we have quite a few options underneath these vertical tabs. I am not going to go through all of them. The most important one is the Publishing options. In this case, I don't want each node of the Tour content type promoted to the front page, so I am going to turn that off.
I do, however, want it to create a new revision each time we create a tour. That way if somebody edits it, I can go back and see what exactly they edited. Another thing I am going to change is I want to turn off comments. I don't want people actually commenting on our tours, so I'll change the Comment setting from Open to Hidden. If you would like to learn more about these vertical tabs, watch my course on lynda.com "Drupal Essential Training," where I go into them in greater detail. But for right now I am just going to go down to the bottom of the page and say Save content type.
That brings us back to our page of content types, and if you scroll down, you'll see, there it is: Tour. We can actually add content to that Tour content type right now by just going up to the Add content and Tour, but I am going to add a few fields. I am going to add three of them, specifically. One will show how many days the tour is. The second will be how much the tour costs, its price. And the third will be an image, so the people can get a sense of exactly what they are paying for. To do that I'll go down to Tour and click manage fields. By default, content type have two fields in them, just like you saw on Basic page: Title and Body.
I am going to add a new one, which will be called "Length." I add the label there, and then I add the name of the filed. Now this has to be all lowercase or numbers or underscores. This is what the computer itself understands. So it will be length, lowercase. And then I have choice of what type of field. In this case, I want people to say 1, 2 or 3 days, not 6.57. So I make it an integer. These other field types have different options attached to them. The best way to understand them is to just start playing around with them: add fields to content types, see what options you get, and learn how they work. But for now, we'll just stick with Integer.
We only have one option for how to enter integers, which is text field, and so we add that, and just click Save. We now get two screens of settings. The first one is how that field will appear in every content type. Once you have added a field, you see, it doesn't only have to be in the Tour content type; we could then add the same kind of field to the basic page or blog post or whatever. In this case, there are no special fields settings to appear in all content types, so I'll just say Save, and that just bring us to our page for the Length field only in the Tour content type, and here you have a lot more options.
I am going to make this required. I'll add a little Help text here, "How many days is this tour," and I'll add a suffix. Now I want to say it's 1 day or 2 days or 3 days. If I were to just type "days" here, it would always say 1 days instead of just 1 day. Fortunately, Drupal Gardens allows you to add a conditional to it. So day, pipe--that little vertical line-- days tells it if you want it to be 1, it's day and multiple is days.
All of that just described here. Now I know this is getting into a little bit of detail, more detail than perhaps you would need for every one of the fields you enter, but this is just to show you some of the many options that Drupal Garden offers you when you create a field. If you have any problems, the first thing to do is look at the Help text directly underneath the field, and you will usually find that it takes care of whatever it is you need to figure out. Scroll down and click Save Settings. There is our Length field. I am going to quickly add the other two. The first one is Price. That will also be an integer, a number of dollars, and save it. Continue on.
I'll also make that required. And as a prefix, I'll add a Dollar sign. Good. Finally, I'll add a different kind of field, a photo of what the tour is going to look like. So Photo is in Label, and photo is the name. Field type in this case is going to be Image. We only have the choice of Image, and save. Now here we get a setting that will apply to the Image field everywhere that it is used. It's a default image; what will appear if people don't add there own? I am going to use one of the files from our exercise files, which you received if you are a premium lynda.com subscriber, or you got this course on a disc.
I click Browse, navigate to it, in this case its in our exercise files, and default-tour-pick, Open and Upload. Great! Once that little animation is done, that means that file is uploaded. So I Save field settings, continue on, and I am not going to change any of the options here, and say Save settings. We now have our Tour content type with these three custom fields. The last thing I'll do is I will put them into an order I want.
I want the Length and Price to be above the Body and the photo to be below it. I will move those into there places by dragging on this little compass-like icon, scroll to the bottom of the page, and click Save. There we go. Now we are ready to start creating Tour content. To do that, you already know how: just go up to Add content and Tour. Now you can see that this is different from Basic page because you have this Length and Price, and down at the bottom, Photo, just as what you expected. I will fill this with a little bit of sample content.
I call it "Big Sur Retreat," the Length will be 3 days, the Price will be $350, and for the Body I get that from the text that came with the exercise files. I have that here on my Desktop. Just copy it, paste it back into our site, and I'll add my photo, again from our exercise files. Upload, and save. There we go. We have created this node, and it has, just as we expected, a photo, a length, and a price.
There are a few things that I want to change on this node, however. One is I don't think we need the "Photo" above the photo, since obviously that's what it is. The other thing is up toward the top here, we have the Submitted by and the person's name and date. We don't really need that information either. We can change both of those by editing the content type. To do so, once again, we go to Structure and then Content types and down to Tour. Now the Photo is a field, so we would change that by managing either the field or its display.
As it happens, the way that you change a label is by managing its display. I click there and go to the Photo field right here. The Label instead of appearing above, will just be hidden. Scroll down and save. The other part to change, which is whether or not the author and date information appears, is part of the content type in general. So we go back and edit the content type as a whole. As we scroll down, we see this option here, Display settings. I'll just go into there and uncheck Display author and date information, and Save content type.
One thing about changing a content type is it changes all of the existing nodes when you change, for example, how images are displayed or whether labels are displayed. That's actually a good thing because it makes your whole site stay consistent. Let's close out this overlay and see if it works. The page reloads. There. That author and date information is gone, and as we scroll down, the word "Photo" is gone. So everything is great. Now you saw how to modify a content type that you created, but you can also use these techniques to modify those built- in content types, such as Blog or Basic page, and there is lot more you can do with the display options.
I didn't even show you half of it. If you are curious about that, check out my Drupal Essential Training course as well, which is also on lynda.com.
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