Join Joseph Lowery for an in-depth discussion in this video Working with web fonts, part of Dreamweaver and WordPress: Core Concepts.
The emergence of web fonts is one of the most far-reaching innovations in web design in recent years. Finally, designers are freed from the stranglehold of just using system fonts. The general Roux Academy site makes use of several web fonts for both headings and body copy. So we'll want our blog to follow suit. Although it's an essential step it's no big deal just copying and pasting a set of files and a chunk of code. You can tell that there is a web font in use, if I click right into this h1 tag, here, and then look over in the Properties Pane, you see font-family Bitter comma Georgia et cetera, Bitter obviously is a web font, and there are others that are in use throughout the site.
So those fonts are stored locally. So I'm going to go ahead an expand the Files panel and locate those in the rest of the site and they're in a folder called _fonts, so I'll just open that up, and you can see there's a quite a bit of them there, Bitter is being used as well as one called DroidSans. Now I want to go ahead and copy this entire folder, so I'm going to select it and then press Command+C, of course on the PC you would choose Ctrl+C. Now we want to take this font folder, and we want to put it in our child theme folder, which is roux.
So let's go down to the wp-content folder, and then within the themes folder locate roux, and I'll just go ahead and expand that, so you can see right now all we have in it is style.css, and then I'm going to use Command+V to paste in my copied fonts. All right. Now let's move into the code. I'll shrink the Files panel. I'm going to go ahead and just go to Code view and make sure you are in main.css. This is for our blog_comp and the rules for web fonts are typically stored at the top of the page, so I'm going to scroll up there, and here you can see the start of them is quite a number of rules, I think there are five in all.
So I am just going to copy all of those, starting with the little comment there, Font declarations, and then ending with the last @ font-face rule for DroidSans. So again, I'll go a Command+C to copy it, and now let's go over, and we'll close up the CSS Styles panel for a second just so I can scroll up and go to my index.php page that's located in the blog folder, I'll open that up, and let's click on Discover.
I'm going to go ahead and click the Don't warn me again, because we're going to be doing this a lot, and there's no need to have to click the Yes button each time. All right. Now I'm going to set the Custom Filter to style.css, click OK, and there's our two style.css sheets. The first one is the one for the roux folder, as you can see, and we want to continue to put our web fonts close to the top.
We'll put it after the import url declaration, so I'll put my cursor at the end and then make a new line and then, Command+V to paste them all in. But since we already have a body rule established which I'll scroll down to, let's go in and add the font-specific declarations. Again, I'm going to go back to my blog_comp. So now I'll scroll down a little bit to where the font declaration is you can find that on line 87 and the declaration we're mostly interested in is the font declaration.
Although we want to go ahead and pick up these other ones as well, so I'm going to go ahead and select all of the declarations in body, copy that, head back over to index.php, put my cursor in the body rule and paste them right in. So I'll save this file, and we're done. Now I can be assured that when I begin to set the styling for various elements on the page my web fonts will be ready to go to work.
- Using the Dynamically-Related Files feature in Dreamweaver to design WordPress pages
- Applying WordPress themes
- Customizing themes
- Adding Spry widgets
- Adding WordPress dynamic data
- Populating the WordPress database
- Publishing a WordPress site
Skill Level Intermediate
Q: While trying to set up a Dreamweaver site, an error occurs that says Dreamweaver cannot resolve the dynamic files because the site definition is incorrect. What is causing this? This is using WAMP on a Windows 7 computer.
A: When setting up the site in Dreamweaver and creating a local testing server, make sure to point it to the folder in c:/wamp/www/ that is being used for the site. If using the same naming convention as shown in the videos, the server folder should be pointing to C:\wamp\www\explore_ca\ and the Web URL field should read http://localhost/explore_ca/, like the picture here:
Q: How do I set the password for WAMP Server 2?
A: The WAMP server does not include a password for MySQL when first installed. You’ll need to add a password by modifying a configuration text file and set up a password in the MySQL server.
Setting a password on the MySQL server:
- From the Start menu, enter CMD to open the command line interface.
- Switch to the bin directory of your MySQL folder, installed by WAMP. For version 5.1.36 of MySQL, for example, enter cd c:\wamp\bin\mysql\mysql5.1.36\bin
Navigate within the WAMP folder installed on your system to find the proper path.
- Enter the following: mysql -u root
- The command line for MySQL will open with a mysql prompt like this: mysql>
- Enter the following:
SET PASSWORD for 'root'@'localhost' = PASSWORD('yourPassword');
- replace 'yourPassword' with the password you want to use.
- Close the CMD window.
After you change the MySQL password you will have to edit the config.inc.php file. Here's how:
- In Windows Explorer, navigate to C:\wamp\apps\phpmyadmin220.127.116.11 (version number may vary).
- Open the file config.inc.php in Dreamweaver or another text editor.
- Locate the following line:
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['password'] = '';
- Enter your password between the quotes; make sure the password is the same as the one you set in the MySQL server.
- Save the file.
- From the system tray icon for WAMP, choose Restart All Services.
- To test, choose phpMyAdmin from the WAMP system tray icon.
Q: After creating a template following the instructions in the Chapter 5 video “Creating a page template in Dreamweaver,” I am unable to select the template. In the video, the instructor’s page shows a heading of Template, with a dropdown menu, but my version shows only a dropdown labeled “Attributes,” and the newly created template does not appear. What is causing this issue?
A: This seems to be a bug in WordPress that occurs occasionally. Although a cause has yet to be determined, a possible workaround to get the Template option to appear is switch themes. Switching to the default theme and then back again to Explore_California should reveal the Template option.
Q: While following along with the instructions in the "Setting up a MySQL password for Windows," I encountered this error: MySQL said: "#1045 – Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: NO)" What is causing this error?
A: This error occurs when trying to enter the MySQL monitor with a password for a user who has not set a password yet. In that case, removing the “-u root” part should resolve the problem.
Q: While following along to the chapter 2 movie "Using dynamically related files," I get an error message that reads: "Dynamically-related files could not be resolved because the site definition is not correct for this server." What is causing this error?
A: This is a known issue with Dreamweaver, and relates to the permalink settings in the WordPress installation. If the permalink setting is set to something other than the default, like “Month & Name,” for example, Dreamweaver is unable to resolve the dynamic files, and the described error will occur. Changing the permalink setting back to Default will clear the error.
Q: I am bit confused as to my need to use MAMP with a WordPress site in Dreamweaver. If I am going to use a separate commercial hosting site as my server, do I still need to use MAMP in my WordPress site?
A: MAMP is installed to provide an easy-to-use development server capable of handling MySQL and PHP on your local computer. It's also possible to set up MySQL and PHP servers separately, but it requires many more steps and is not as "user-friendly" as the described process. Your hosting server will have MySQL/PHP enabled on their servers for the remote live setup, but that doesn't have anything to do with developing and testing pages on your own computer.
Q: I can't find the file named commevents.php in the exercise files. I need it to set up an online database in the last chapter.
A: This is a file you create yourself when you first connect to a database. Refer to the "Adding WordPress dynamic data to pages" video in Chapter 7. commevents.php should appear in the Connections folder once you establish a connection.
Q: In "Setting up a MySQL password for Windows", I'm getting the error "#1045 - Access denied for user 'root'@'localhost'" when testing the phpMyAdmin.
If I try and re-do the steps, I get the following error "ERROR 1044 (42000): Access denied for user ''@'localhost' to database mysql'" when I try to change the password.
A: This seems to be happening because of the combination of Windows 7 and a
new version of WampServer 2.1. Here's another approach that should work
for the new combination.
Follow these steps instead of the ones using the CMD prompt. (As a bonus, they're much easier!)
- Left-click on the WampServer icon tray.
- Choose phpMyAdmin.
- When the phpMyAdmin page opens in your browser, click the Privileges tab found after the Engines tab.
- Locate the line in the User table with "root - localhost - No..." (probably the last one).
- Click the Edit icon (the final item in the row).
- Scroll down to the Change Password section.
- Select Password and enter your password twice. (If you're following the exercises, enter root).
- Click Go in the lower-right corner.
Q: I want to setup the practice files and site on my localhost, as described; however, I already have my current WordPress site (under development) running on my localhost. How do I run two WordPress sites on my localhost?
A: You can easily do it by setting up another site in Dreamweaver. Just copy the WordPress files to that folder as described and establish a new database via phpMyAdmin. You can set up as many WordPress sites as you need to. The author has upwards of 80 on his system, all for different clients.
Q: This course was updated on 10/23/2012. What changed?
A: The course was thoroughly revised and uses the most current versions of both programs. We added chapters on responsive design and creating a custom administration panel in WordPress, new movies about concepts and taxonomies, and extended the Spry chapter to include jQuery, among other changes. New movies are indicated by the NEW tag next to the movie name.