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- Modifying type in the CSS Styles panel
- Understanding the different type measurement unit options
- Allowing users to set page type size
- Employing web-safe fonts
- Exploring CSS 3 typeface options
- Setting up @font-face
- Applying color and transparency to type
- Styling the font weight, case, and letter spacing
- Inserting drop caps
- Rotating text with CSS transform
- Laying out text in multiple columns
- Incorporating ordered and unordered lists
- Targeting lists items with the nth-child selector
Skill Level Intermediate
Lists are a particular type of text with their own tags, CSS properties and structure. In this video, we're going to take a look at the styling of unordered, or as they're more commonly known, bulleted lists. I have opened the resources.htm file from the Chapter 8 > 08_01 folder. Let's scroll down to where I have some sentences lined up ready to be converted into lists. Now each of these is in their own paragraph tag and quite often when you're bringing something in from another source, your list will start off as paragraph tags like this.
So we can easily convert them into lists in Dreamweaver. I'm just going to go ahead and open up my Property Inspector, make sure I'm on the HTML tab, and begin selecting the paragraphs here. I'm going to scroll down as we get down to the bottom. There we are. So we've grabbed all of those paragraphs, and with one click here, I can turn them all into bulleted list items. Dreamweaver moves the scroll a little bit, but we can scroll back up and there you can see all of the various bullets and they're un-styled.
So they're going to be kind of raw and we're going to have to create some CSS rules in order to bring them into the design for the rest of the page. Now this is not just one long list on the same level. There actually is another list embedded in here, and you can nest unordered lists, put one inside another very, very easily. So you see here, this list item, Is your trip an outdoor adventure? If so we recommend the following, and then the following items from comfortable hiking shoes on down to Sunscreen, are all members of this sub-list.
Now to make it a sub-list, there are two things you can do; you can go down to Indent here on the Property Inspector, and click that, or you can actually just press Tab and that will have the same effect. But let's go ahead and click Indent here. Notice that while the symbol changes, it's not actually indenting. A quick look at the CSS STYLES panel over here, which is in Current mode, tells the tale. There is a type of Reset Rule that removes all paddings and margins for ul and li elements. We'll add that in first thing.
So we're going to need to create some new rules, and we'll start by putting our cursor within the nested ul. As you can see here in the Tag Selector, there is one ul tag inside of another. So with that selected, I'll go over to the CSS STYLES panel, and click New CSS Rule. Let me make this a little less specific, and then I'll click OK. So we'll go to the Box category because I'm going to be adding in a margin here, and deselect the Same for all under Margin.
So the rest of this page is handled in ems, so I'm going to be consistent and use ems here. For my Top Margin, I'm going to make 1.4 ems. Right will be 0. The Bottom I want a little bit of space, so I'm going to do 1 em, and then the Left will also be 0. I'm going to click OK, and that will give us a little bit of room there. Now, let's move on to the list item. So I'll move my cursor up into the Main list item there, and again click New CSS Rule.
Make this a little less specific. So we're targeting the list item that's found in the top-level ul. Click OK and before we go to the Box category, let's set the Font Size here. I'm going to make it 1 em, so that it's the same as the paragraph font and put in the same color which I've picked up from my comp and I know that it's #51341a. That's kind of a dark brown.
Now let's move to the Box category where we'll set Padding to 0, and let's deselect the Same for all under Margin and set the Top to 0, the Right to 0, the Bottom to 1.2 ems, and the Left to 1 em. Now, it's beginning to take a little bit of shape. If I scroll up a bit, I can see that my list items are now the same size, but I've made them a bit more distinctive by giving them a darker brown color.
Now the next thing we want to do and that's possible with list items is changing the bullet style. In this case, what we're going to do is add-in a graphic image, so that we'll have a small star, much like the navigation Has a star next to it. So we're mirroring some design choices that we have elsewhere in the page. I'll put my cursor back in the list item, and let me move this over just a bit, so I can see what rules I have here. Now I want to make sure that I'm working with #mainContent #mainArticle ul li, which will affect all of the list items across the board.
So I want to be able to use the Browse function in Dreamweaver to pick my file. So I'm going to go ahead and click Edit Rule, and go to the List category, where next to List-style-image, I'll click Browse, and then navigate to my Chapter 8 folder, 08_01 > _images, and the image I'm looking for is called star_bullet. And there you can see that it's a 16 x 16 dimension bullet and I'll go ahead and click Choose and OK.
So now my bullets have a very nice star next to them. Now, one thing I wanted to show you was the bullet itself actually in Fireworks. This is something you might encounter when you're starting to work with images for your bullet. If you go ahead and take an image, and just use, let's say, the entire square of the image, the bullet is actually going to be positioned a little bit higher than what you might want. In this case, let me zoom in here so you can see it a little bit more appropriately, you'll notice that the star image is actually shifted down two pixels, so that it does appear in the center of the line.
While it's possible to achieve the same result with the background image and background position properties, I find it easier and more appropriate to use the List-style-image property with an adjusted image. As you work with bulleted lists, you'll find that you often need to target your ul and li elements as CSS Selectors to get the bulleted list that fit best into your site, but it's all very doable.