In this video, author Shaun Bryant shows you how to set up a new dimension style in a DraftSight drawing.
- [Instructor] We're staying in our 12_Annotating.dwg file and what we're going to do now is we're going to create a Dimension style, so that we can place dimensions as annotation on our DraftSight drawing. This allows us to obviously communicate our design intent and make sure that our little room there is built to the right sizes. So we're going to create a new dimensions layer first, then a new text style to be used with the dimensions as well.
So let's go to the Layers panel on the Home tab on the ribbon, into the Layers Manager, and we click on New, and we type the Layer Name as DIMENSIONS, and again, it's up to you if you want it in capitals. I'll press Enter there. Now obviously that sorts it alphabetically, so if I scroll up a bit there's the DIMENSIONS layer right there. I'm going to give it a LineColor of Red to match my text that we've done previously. Make sure the LineStyle is a Continuous LineStyle.
LineWeight, Default is fine. Just make sure that it does Print though. If you get that red line just click on the little printer icon to make sure that you remove it. Now the DIMENSIONS layer, you can Activate that and make it the current layer, because you're going to need to obviously place your dimensions at some point on your DraftSight drawing, and then click on OK to close the Layers Manager. Now we need to create a new text style, so we right-click and we go to Options, like so.
And then we go to Drafting Styles, and to Text, expand out the Text, and what we need is a new style. So we click on New, and this particular style will be called Dims, for dimensions, _MODEL, like that. Notice there's no height in the name of the TextStyle this time. Click on OK. Now we're going to use a Font of Verdana, that's fine, we're going to set the Height there to 0. Now the reason we're doing that is we're going to use a annotative dimension style.
So what we've got there is everything set up there, we're ready for that. And what we'll do now is we'll actually just Apply that and make sure that it's applied, and then we'll OK, like so, then we know that's added and ready to be used. It's always good to do that Apply and that OK to make sure it's in the system. Then we just right-click and go back to Options again, back to Drafting Styles, and this time we just check on the Text and click and you can see that Dims_MODEL is in there, and then minimize.
We then go to Dimension here, we need a new Dimension style, so we're going to click on New, like so. We're going to give it a Name, which is going to be so much simpler than that one, it's going to be SIMPLE, and then _METRIC, like that. And base it on just the Standard style, and we're going to apply it to All Dimensions, and click on OK. So there's our Style name, SIMPLE_METRIC. Ignore the gobbledygook in the Preview screen, we're going to work through each of these settings, and then we'll apply our Dimension style to our DraftSight drawing.
So Angular Dimensions, what are the Angular dimension settings? Well, Decimal Degrees is fine, Precision, 0, maybe we go for 1 decimal place. Hide any trailing zeros. Notice in the Preview it's 53.0 degrees. If I hide the trailing zeros if it's exactly 53 it just removes the zero and just makes it look neater. So we'll minimize the Angular dimension settings. If we're doing any Arc lengths, make sure that the symbol goes before the dimension text.
And we'll just minimize that as well. And then minimize Angular Dimension there. We now need to look at the Arrows. So Start arrows are Closed filled, End arrow Closed filled. Leader arrow, might set that to something like Box filled instead. And the Size, we'll make that 3.5 millimeters in our metric DraftSight drawing. And again, we can minimize the Arrows now. Dual Dimensions. Are we doing dual dimensioning? Are we doing perhaps metric and imperial? If I tick that it will show the dual dimensions as well.
If I untick it obviously it won't. We're not going to use Dual Dimensions, so I'll just minimize that. If we go to Fit now we're going to look at Geometry first. When space is limited, just use the slider bar there, we'll move the selected entity outside of the extension lines. That's fine, leave it as Automatic. Minimize Geometry. Expand out Dimension text. We'll have it next to the dimension line. Minimize Dimension text. Dimension scale, we're going to make it Annotative, which means we'll use Annotative Scaling, which we will cover later on.
So I'll just minimize Dimension scale. Any Additional options there. Dimension lines between extension lines, don't really need that if we're fitting them, and we don't need to Specify text placement either. So I'll just minimize that and leave both of those unticked. And then minimize Fit, like so. We now need to look at the settings for Linear Dimensions, so let's just use the slider bar again, so that we can see everything. Any Linear Dimensions will be Decimal, Precision, we're going to leave that at 1 decimal place as well, and with the Decimal separator, you've got a choice of Period, Comma, or Space.
We'll use Period, the decimal place. Round to the nearest 0.00 is fine, Scale factor, obviously 1, and do we want to hide any trailing zeros? Well, yes, if we do that it will hide them if it's obviously an exact distance. So all of that's set, so I can minimize Linear Dimension. We then go to Line, Dimension line settings. Now this is where you start setting everything ByLayer. Now we set everything by layer, 'cause we've got a dimensions layer to use.
And then it will follow the settings for the dimensions layer. So we just make sure that everything's set. The Offset, now that's the Dimension line settings, so the dimension text will be Offset by 1.5 millimeters. Do we need to hide any dimension lines? No, we don't. So I can minimize my Dimension line settings part of the Dimension style. Extension line settings next, expand it out, use the slider bar. And again, go for ByLayer for everything, like we did before.
So make sure that's all ByLayer. Color, again, ByLayer. Offset, now these are the settings when you look at dimensions, the Offset is the actual offset from the point that you're dimensioning from. I'm going to set that to 4 millimeters. And then the Distance past the dimension lines for the extension lines will be 2.5 millimeters. We don't need to hide any extension lines, we don't need Fixed length extension lines.
So I can minimize my Extension line settings. Now, Dimension split, if I expand that out the Gap there, 3.75 millimeters, that's fine. We'll just minimize that, like that, and then minimize our Line settings. Radial and Diameter Dimensions next. Expand it out, Center mark display. Are we going to have any center marks? I don't tend to use them, so I'm going to set that to None. If you want a mark or a center line put the Size in as well. If you were going to use a mark I would go for something like about 4 millimeters there.
And then if you set it to None it then remembers it if you need it. I'm going to minimize the Radial/Diameter Dimensions now. If there's any Radius dimension jogs though the default is 45 degrees, which is fine. So we'll just minimize that, minimize that, minimize Radial/Diameter Dimensions. Text now, now this is the important bit, the Text settings. So if I just scroll down now with the slider bar, the Style, we've already set, we want our Dims_MODEL, Color, again, ByLayer, Fill, we won't have any Fill on the text, and the Height there, we need to change that to 3.5 millimeters.
Now you'll notice as soon as you change that Height can you see now that our Preview looks much more sensible? Top right there in the dialog box. Do you want to frame the dimension text? You can add a little frame around it if you wish, like that. It's entirely up to you. Now I'm not going to worry about that, so I'm going to minimize the Text settings. We want Text position. Now this is important. Now Horizontal, do you want it Centered horizontally? Do you want it Centered vertically? Horizontally, yes, you do want it Centered.
Vertically though, I would say you want it Above the dimension line. And I'm going to give it an Offset there of 1.5 again as well. So as I Tab that now you'll see it all changes and you can see it all sits nicely above the dimension lines. Text alignment, if we just use the slider bar again, you've got ISO standard, like so. If I use the ISO standard you'll notice that things like a radius or a diameter has that horizontal line. If I just Align horizontally everything's horizontal.
I normally Align with dimension lines, like that. It just looks neater. So I'll minimize the Text alignment, minimize the Text position, and Text alignment now, just make sure that we've got that aligned with dimensional lines, we did do that a minute ago. Just check, always sanity check when you're minimizing to make sure that you cover everything. I'll minimize the Text now. Do we need any Tolerances? We don't, not in this particular case, but if you did need them you've got things like Basic, Deviation, Limits, or Symmetrical.
I'm going to set that to None in this case and again, minimize it. So we've now got our Dimension style all set up. Make sure you Apply it, make sure you OK it, like that. And now we're back in our drawing and what we'll do in the next video is look at actually applying our dimensions to our DraftSight drawing.
- Navigating DraftSight
- Drafting and annotation
- Zoom commands
- Using layers
- Mouse and keyboard techniques
- Drawing with DraftSight
- Using Coordinates
- DraftSight commands and tools
- Centerlines and splines