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This course was created by Scott Georgeson. We're honored to host his tutorials in the lynda.com library.
- Understanding vector and bitmap images
- Working with multipage projects
- Using independent per-page layers and guides
- Drawing and editing shapes, lines, curves, and tables
- Creating and using symbols
- Working with text
- Designing a business card
- Shaping, filling, blending, and extruding objects
- Importing and exporting other file types
- Customizing the workspace, menus, toolbars, and palettes
Skill Level Beginner
We're now continuing on Page 35 of your working file Outline Properties. Well, we've discussed in detail outline style to quite a depth, we'll quickly look at all these other options here and a few other things along the way. Well, I'll delete this, I am going to work with our converted text. It was converted to a curve, remember? Let's zoom in and we'll jump in and see how we go here. What I am first of all going to do is add a rather thick outline to this object.
Now, one thing I didn't show you before was additionally to choosing anything in the dropdown, you can actually type a value in here, so let's type in a value of 5, hit Enter, and we've added a rather thick outline to this object. Well, of course, if I were to give this a fill now, while that is an interesting look, it's probably on average not what you're going to be looking for. What I want you to see here, if I select this, Plus (+) on my keyboard, and a thin outline, give it a black color.
This black outline that you can see here, well, that's where the original outline of the object is, and you can see that by going to Simple Wireframe mode as well. You'll notice how this thick 5 point outline has moved both on the inside and on the outside of the original line. We come back to Enhanced. Now, depicting that for you there, on either side of the black you can see we see this big blue thick outline, don't we? Well, if I remove that, there is a way so that when I give this a fill that the outline is not overtaking the inside fill.
If we come up to Properties and choose Behind fill, what we're doing is we're saying to the outline, make sure if there is a fill in this object, you're behind that fill. Click OK and now we see the integrity of the object in terms of its fill area is not covered by the outline. Additionally, if I select my object now and I scale down, you'll notice how the outline thickness, well, it's really overtaking the object altogether and it looks quite incorrect. Well, again, Outline Properties, the next option is Scale with image, if you turn that on, every time you resize your image in any form, the outline will scale down in its thickness the same as the object, maintaining the right relationship between outline thickness and the size of the object.
Now also, some more parameters that we have for Outline Properties affect the way corners are created. You see these nice pointed corners we have here, well, we have three options, which are these nice pointy corners, or we can go with rounded corners, click OK, and that really does make the object look rather different. In this particular case, because it's a text object, it does really look quite different, doesn't it? Another option we have is to go with the beveled corner, so click Bevel, click OK, and again, we've made quite a change, and really we're not changing the shape of the object, it's only the way the outline is being drawn that we're affecting, and there's lots of advantages in that, that you'll see over time.
Now, F4, zoom back out. So we've covered all of these here, I quickly want to spend some time on outline, converting an outline to an object. So I am going to use this word FOOD that I've got here, I am going to type in a point size of 185, just so that you've got a reference to copy this. And what we're going to do is I am going to convert this to curves, Ctrl+Q. I am going to approach this like I am a sign writer, for example, and I want to cut this out on vinyl, although it applies to many design effects, and ideas, particularly sign writers will enjoy this approach.
If I select my object, let's just type in a value of say 6 points, hit Enter. Now, what I am going to do is come straight up to Arrange, down to Convert Outline To Object. What that does is it takes that black outline and it actually makes it its own object. If we go to View and Simple Wireframe, you can see it has its own outline now. Now, if I pop the red one down here, I am going to do it again, now that this is an object, I am actually going to give it an outline also.
So if I right-click on the color blue, for example, and say we go with a value of 5.0. Now, sometimes you want to be careful, see the little points coming off the end there, it's because we're dealing with very tight curves and tight points, so I am going to drop that down a little bit more to say 4.0 point, and that looks quite good. And now I am going to convert that also to an object. So Arrange>Convert Outline To Object. So now we have three objects. I have the black one, the red one, and I have this blue one here.
Now, onto itself that actually doesn't look too bad, does it? That looks like a really interesting design approach, and I quite like that. But what I'm going to do is I am going to break this apart, and remove the fill, right-click, give it an outline, and I am going to just delete the inner parts of it. Now, I am just doing this to sort of really show you some interesting ways to approach design. So we've already seen one nice design out of that, and I am just deleting all of the inner parts, there we go.
Now I am going to select all of that and Combine it, recombine, makes it a single object again, and I'll fill that with the color blue. I'll remove the outline, right-click, so I don't need that anymore, and that also is a rather interesting looking design. But now I am going to add all this together. So my red one, followed by my blue one, and I want the black one to be on top, Shift+Page Up, Shift+Page Up. And in fact, I want the red one to come up one as well, Ctrl+Page Up, there we go.
Now, just select everything and then E and C on your keyboard, and as you can see, I've got a nice blue outline all the way around the outside, then I've got the black and then I've got the red. Let's make that blue yellow in color. Now, select the red and with my Interactive Field tool, click and drag, drag and drop the color yellow at the top, and what do you think of that for a design? It has a nice glow to it, and it really does stand off the page. It works really, really well.
But here is the important part of this and, again, every industry is different, but I have three objects to create this design, and I can cut all three out on a plotter if I wanted to. Of course I either print the fade or I buy vinyl material that is already fading, but all in all, the design onto itself is quite nice, and along the way, if we quickly undo, there are lots of little designs that we could have used. That's an interesting design, we go back to where we had the multiple object; that's an interesting looking design, and that's an interesting looking design, so there was lots there that we discovered by Converting Outlines To Objects, and a lot for you to go play with.
A few more things quickly, I just want to show you this, I am going to zoom in, what I have here is an outline, one single line that has a very thick pointed outline around it. I've just put that white there to depict it for you, but let me go to View, and Simple Wireframe, all this is, is a single straight line that has a 16 point outline. Now, here's all I want to show you is this, see how the outline is perfectly even top and bottom and there's nothing at the ends.
If you were to choose an alternate style Line cap, say you wanted the round ended cap, you can have nice effects like that, where you've got a nice round end, but the important thing I want you to see is that the distance from the center outward is also the same distance from the end outward. So when you put this on a piece of paper, your line will be physically longer than the measurement it is up here because of that added thick outline that you can see there. That really was just simply information for you, more than anything else, that in time you might be glad you understood.
Last point, see, how the word Click-N-Learn is standing off the page here compared to the blue background, that's because of the white outline it has. If I were to select this, right-click and remove the outline, can you see it no longer has that same impact, and this is really important to understand in the world of design. Now, if I select that again, I want you to look at the, finger on Ctrl, and select that so it's separate, watch the shadow in the background as I give this a white outline, make it a little bit thicker, can you see now how it stands apart from the shadow. It really does look a lot better, doesn't it? So it's important to remember that outlines, or we call them keylines in the printing industry, it's important to make them part of your design process.
They will really help to make objects, particularly on dark backgrounds, stand out, even to the point where if I click on the shadow, and right-click and give that an outline as well, that also now stands out from the background. So remember outlines when you're designing are very, very important.
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