Join Jim Rogers for an in-depth discussion in this video The process: Building the structure, part of Construction Management Foundations.
- Alright, with our plans and specifications in hand, it's time to start building. The time and the specific steps involved in this next process really depend on the scope and the complexity of the structure or the facility to be built. But again, in general, the process proceeds in a manner that looks something like this. Step one is going to be to physically lay out the project. Establish the boundaries and the locations and make a plan that tells everyone where everything goes during construction, like where do I put the office trailer and my storage containers and where does everybody park? So once things like that are done, it's time to mobilize and move the things that we're going to need on to the site.
Now mobilization usually is going to have to be coordinated with things like site work, which could involve clearing existing structures, doing some earth work, getting the site properly graded. Soon after, it's going to be time to excavate and install underground utilities which are going to be followed by foundation construction. The taller the building, the bigger the foundations. Now once the foundations are completed, the structural frame is constructed. And again, depending on the project, this could be a system of concrete columns and beams or it could be structural steel or wood frame or masonry block.
After that, the floor slab's going to need to go in and so will the roof and eventually it's going to be time for our exterior walls or building cladding. Along with any glazing or glass and exterior doors. Now once the building is what we call dried in, meaning all of the exterior is completed to the point where the inside's not exposed to the weather, it's time to install things like interior partitions and doors. Now during this process, it'll also be time to do things like extend utilities into the different portions of the building.
Now this might include electrical, plumbing and data connections. During this interior construction, we're going to do things like construct the heating and air conditioning, the ventilation for the building system. Once all of this is done, all of our walls can be completed and the ceilings can be installed. At this point, finishes like trim and paint can be scheduled, and once that work's complete, the flooring can be installed. Now the final steps would be the installation of any specialty equipment.
This could include counters, appliances, lighting, building automation, anything else that's included in the construction contract. Now don't forget that while all of this is going on inside, there's still work to be completed outside like paving and landscaping. And there might also be improvements to the surrounding streets that are required, to facilitate things like access to this new project or facility. Once all of these construction activities are completed, we might need to start things up and test them to make sure they work as planned.
So some of the equipment, like heating, air conditioning, ventilation systems, they're going to need to be started, tested and adjusted so that we achieve the desired results. Now again, these are a lot of steps but this is a good broad overview of the building process. Remember each one of these steps though, can involve many many details and schedules need to coordinated to make sure trades aren't working on top of each other and that work is completed in the correct order. Now once we have everything working and the owner, the designer and any government agencies have approved of the construction, the project can be handed over to our owner.
Now these days, that project hand off can also be a big task. So let's move on and discuss some of the things that can be involved in this final phase of the construction process.
Whether you're a construction industry veteran looking to switch roles or a brand new construction manager trying to get your bearings, this course provides you with meaningful insights into this vital, evolving industry and your role in it. Instructor Jim Rogers explains how integrated project delivery methods work, how technology is shaking up old processes, and how lean productivity methods are being used at construction sites. Throughout the course, you'll get industry knowledge from Jim, as well as other experienced construction professionals.
- Modern construction industry overview
- The construction team
- Reviewing the many roles of the construction manager
- A day in the life of a construction manager
- Understanding how the industry is organized
- Working with alternative project delivery methods
- Understanding the role of technology in construction