Three-dimensional building information modeling (BIM) can be used to build the job virtually at your desk before construction starts. Jim discusses the advantages of digital virtual construction to help with safety and preplanning.
- We can't very well talk about digital drawings and construction without discussing BIM, or building information modeling. These digital, three dimensional drawings are fast becoming the standard method of design, and in fact today, many designers just flat out design this way from day one. They start by creating that digital, three dimensional image or model, and then they generate those two dimensional plans that we typically see in the field. So, how is a design tool going to help with safety? Simple, we need to start using those three dimensional digital models throughout the construction process, as well.
There are many advantages to using a BIM model in the construction process, but for this course let's stick with safety. Remember, I stressed earlier that the key to success in safety is pre-planning. Now think about the kind of pre-planning that I can do if I have a three dimensional building information model that I pull apart. I can use this to actually build the job digitally, before I even set foot on the project. Utilized to its fullest capacity, I can step through the model using the information from my construction schedule, and I can build the project in my office on the screen, and I can see not only where the hazards will exist, but when the hazards will exist.
This is an incredible tool because once I see the where and the when of the hazard, whatever it is, an unprotected edge, an open hole, confined space, whatever, once I see this I can make a determination on how to handle it and who to assign it to so it doesn't get missed or overlooked later during that sometimes frenzied construction activity. It may even give me the opportunity to re-sequence work, to avoid creating that hazard in the first place.
It's probably obviously by now that I am a big fan of digital in construction, but let's hear from one of our experts in the field and get their viewpoint. - Construction technology, being able to model conditions, being able to build these buildings before we put a shovel in the ground, you know, through building information modeling, through visual aids. What we are able to show in a virtual world, we can look at constructibility, we can look at conditions that may create unsafe conditions for the installation of any piece of equipment.
We use a lot of visual tools to communicate with our guys on a daily basis, changing conditions on a site. We can show them without putting them in harm's way and ahead of time before walking out onto a job site, areas where you are cleared to be, areas where you're not cleared to be. Where we're going to be picking things with a crane, where your no fly zones are. There's a lot that we can communicate visually to guys without putting them in harm's way to try to keep them safe.
- Anytime I can solve a problem on the screen before I have people in the field staring at that problem, I always improve safety, quality, and productivity. Let's start to wrap things up and move on to take a look at a few more things that I think that technology has in store for the future of construction safety.
Throughout this course, Jim highlights some of the most notable safety and health hazards in the industry—including fall hazards, traffic accidents, and respiratory hazards—and shares strategies for integrating safety, quality, and productivity. He also explains how to leverage technological advancements such as digital drawings to help your team work safer and smarter.
- Recognizing health hazards in the industry
- Integrating safety, quality, and productivity
- Creating a culture of learning
- Recognizing leading indicators
- Using digital solutions to improve safety
- Using BIM to identify hazards early