This video discusses the en and em dashes and the use of the hyphen. Even though the three marks look almost the same, they serve different purposes. In addition, the lesson provides examples of the same word groups, with and without hyphens, having different meanings. How to use ellipses correctly is also illustrated and discussed.
- [Instructor] Look carefully at these marks.…Do you see the three different lengths for…the hyphen, en dash, and em dash?…Let's look at how each should be used.…First, the hyphen.…The hyphen connects two things that are closely related,…words and functions such as numbers:…three-fourths, twenty-one.…One's age is a number.…If used this way, then three hyphens are required:…"The 21-year-old student will graduate this year."…All compound numbers from twenty-one through ninety-nine…are hyphenated, as are all fractions that are written out.…
We also use the hyphen for compound words that are nouns.…"Daughter-in-law" would be an example, and…to separate compound adjectives, verbs, and adverbs.…Adjective examples are "sugar-free" before a beverage…and "custom-built" before a home.…One "be careful" point to note is that…a compound adjective that includes the adverb "well"…with a participle, such as "well-known," is also hyphenated…but an adjective phrase such as "door-to-door"…uses a hyphen if it comes before the noun it modifies.…
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- Identify irregular verbs and explain how to use them appropriately in all tenses.
- List the seven coordinating conjunctions.
- Recognize commonly misused and misunderstood words.
- Determine correct comma placement.
- Explain the difference between a colon and a semicolon.
- Name the four sentence structures.