This video demonstrates national and international nature of the topic.
- Let's begin our introduction by taking a look at a survey of Open Data Portals Around the World. What strikes me as I look at this graphic, is that Open Data is not restricted to one region of the world. This collection of notable Open Data efforts, documented by OpenDataSoft, clearly shows opening government data is a global movement. From California to South America, from the UK to South Africa, across Russia to Southeast Asia, communities and governments are publishing data that is easily accessible, unrestricted, and machine processable.
As impressive as the process has been to date, these Open Data portals still represent just a small percentage of the potential ahead. In the US alone there are tens of thousands of public agencies who have still not made the commitment to publish their valuable data sets. The momentum is positive and all indicators suggest that thousands of new Open Data portals will emerge in the years ahead, providing transparency, and making their communities more open and collaborative.
As we consider these notable Open Data portals around the world what kind of data sets are we typically seeing? Data.gov, the US federal government Open Data portal that was launched in 2009, provides us with a good example of common data sets. Here we see data on Climate, Education, Energy, Health, and Public Safety. These are categories, which combined, represent as of 2016, around 186,000 data sets.
Still, this represents just a small percentage of the potential available data sets in the US federal government. However, with these existing data sets may lie the right data for citizen scientists to solve a complex problem, or for a software developer to provide a service for a community or for a classroom to be better informed on an important topic. Open Data portals are not restricted to carrying multiple categories. Often, specialization is helpful.
Particularly when a single topic is complex and requires specialized attention. In this example, USAspending.gov, an entire website is dedicated to making transparent where federal contract, grant, loan, and other financial assistance awards of more than $25,000 are given, and for what reason. Here, let's take a look at California. We'll scroll down here to View Spending Map. In fact, this Open Data website was a result of a new US law, the Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act of 2006.
Making Open Data a requirement of a law is a highly positive trend and suggests how serious some lawmakers are viewing the value of Open Data. Let's jump over to the United Kingdom, London in particular. The UK's capital has an impressive, well-developed Open Data presence. While providing an abundance of data sets, this portal puts emphasis on performance indicators. Let's take a look at Jobs and Economy. In addition to providing a current month of total workforce jobs the site also provides a trend indicator.
In this case, we see that there has been an increase in workforce jobs, relative to the same month in the previous year. This portal meets all eight basic principles I discussed earlier, but also layers extra information for the visitor. It's also worth noting the collection of data sets across the top of the screen. They range from Workforce Jobs to Crime, to Population, to Health. While each has some alignment to Jobs and Economy, the disparate nature of the data sets also reflects where we are in the Open Data journey.
With the majority of data yet to be released, we'll see uneven collections of available data for some time to come. Finally, let's take a look at the Open Data portal for the city of Moscow. I'm going to go ahead and click on the Translate button. Like my previous examples, this portal has many categories with many familiar ones like Employment, Health, Education, and Business. But Moscow has categories that are unique to their needs and government organization. Here we see Architecture, Social, Environment, and Security.
What should be clear is that there's no category standards. Open Data portals today are unique to each instance. I'm going to go ahead and click on Caring for Animals. Within the Caring for Animals category, we see three data sets, Veterinary institutions, Shelters, and a Registry of veterinary professionals. These seem like useful data sets. In the addition to the availability of the content in two common data formats, take a look here, both .json and .csv.
These become easy references for the citizens of Moscow. Consequently, these data sets add an additional advantage that we haven't seen in many other examples. What's our take-away here? Open Data is a global movement. It's growing quickly, but we're still in its infancy. The global reach and global growth, both validate the scale and importance of Open Data. The impact of Open Data is being felt in communities from the cities of China to the suburbs of France.
From developed democracies to emerging economies. How this impact is manifesting, and the opportunities ahead will be explored as we progress through this course.
Dr. Jonathan Reichental introduces real-world use cases for open data, as well as the steps you need to take to develop and operationalize an open data program. He also explains how data scientists use open data to tell stories and drive data visualizations. Along the way, he provides numerous examples of open data in action: improving government, empowering citizens, creating opportunity, and solving public problems.
- Understanding what open data really is
- Current open data efforts around the globe
- Open data in action
- Designing an open data governance process, including policies
- Monetizing open data
- Storytelling with open data
- Selling the value of open data
- Measuring the value of open data