Join Nigel French for an in-depth discussion in this video Deconstructing the document pt. 2, part of Designing a Magazine Layout.
Here in the InDesign document, I would like to take a look at the document infrastructure. How it was put together and I want to look specifically at the grid, at the layers, at the master pages, at the color palette and at the paragraph character and object styles. Beginning with the grid, to turn the grid on, I'm going to press W. I'm using a 12 column grid meaning that I've 12 column units and each of my text frames occupies five of those column units. I'm dividing my type area between the top margin and the bottom margin into eight sections which is what these turquoise guides are for.
Here we see the bleed guide and I also have a baseline grid turned on which if I zoom in, becomes visible, that's the baseline grid. I have my body text aligning to the grid or at least to every other increment of that grid because I have made the baseline grid half of the letting amount of my body text. I'm going to zoom out now, Command+Option+0. Let's now look at the layers, I'm going to Click on my Layers panel and these are fairly self-explanatory. I have the text on the text layer and pictures on the pictures layer, meaning that I can hide these layers or more importantly, more relevantly, I can lock certain layers. What I want to make sure, I don't select the content of those layers by mistake. So the layer is very easy to implement and a very important workflow tool.
The master pages, let's take a look at those, if I Click on Pages panel and Double-Click on my A-Master, there we see the grid, we see the footer down here and the department head up here and if I zoom in on the footer, we can see that we have the auto page number. It's there as an A because we are on the A-Master. But of course when we get on the document pages, it's actually going to show up as being the actual page number. The colors, if I Click on my Swatches panel, we can wee that I have deleted the default colors; the cyan, magenta, yellow, the red, green, blue, not because they were doing any harm but just because they were kind getting in the way.
I wanted to tidy things up, keep things as clean as possible. We have the orange that is sampled from the Golden Gate Bridge then we have the blue that is sampled from the sky. In terms of the styles, we have Paragraph, Character and Object Styles. In the Paragraph Styles, perhaps, the most important of the three, if I zoom in on some of the text and I'll hide my guides for now and just insert my cursor in there, body, body no indent, subhead, body first. We are going to see how we can make all these styles and then apply them to the text to make sure that our text is formatted quickly, efficiently and consistently.
Character Styles are used for more local formatting, if I move to secondary article, we can see some examples of Character Styles where the running head is in the orange color, but the main paragraph is actually specified as being black and these are actually examples of nested styles where we have taken the specific Character Style and nested it within the Paragraph Style definition. We also have Object Styles which are applied to the picture frames. So that the pictures actually fit inside the picture frame and there's a minimal amount of cropping and scaling that we will need to do. We'll still need to do manual scaling and cropping, but having these Object Styles applied to the picture is going to take us the majority of the way there.
So that's how the document was constructed. Let's now put it together starting from scratch.
- Identifying the common parts of a magazine feature article
- Creating an efficient workflow using Bridge
- Designing with bleeds and crossovers
- Creating and applying paragraph, character, and object styles
- Designing and working with a baseline grid
- Preflighting documents
- Creating print-ready PDFs
Skill Level Intermediate
Q: The instructor explains that doubling-clicking on an image while holding down the Option key on a Mac will automatically open the image in Photoshop. However, the image opens into Preview instead. Why is this happening?
A: Before this feature will work, the correct file type associations must be set up, so that TIFs and JPEGs open with Photoshop and not with Preview.
From the Finder, select any JPEG or TIF file, then Choose File > Get Info. From the Open With drop down menu, choose Photoshop and click the Change All button. Repeat this process for each of the different file types you want use. You need only do this once and it should work from now on.