This video describes architectural drawings and their use on a construction project. Jim shows the different types of information that may be contained in these drawings, including overall dimensions, floor plans, and many different views of the project to be built as drawn by the architect.
- [Instructor] Much of the course so far has been spent in what we call the architectural drawings. Now basically the reason they're called architectural drawings is they're usually a product of the work of the architect. And we can see here in our drawing list an index of all the architectural drawings. And again, as you can see they're designated generally with an "A" in front of the sheet number. Now as we've seen, the architectural drawings, also shown over here in the bookmarks, include things like the floorplan, roof plans, exterior elevations, and building cross-sections.
For a building project, the architectural drawings is really where everything starts. So not only do these architectural drawings give us the general layout and the overall dimensions and look and feel of the building, they also begin to tell us how to build the structure, and these architectural drawings also generally form the basis of what needs to be designed and included in the other drawing types like plumbing and electrical that we'll look at next. So in other words the architect will complete their drawings detailing things like the overall dimensions and the layout of the rooms and then locating things like we see here, for example, on sheet A-109.
We'll go to the second floorplan and zoom in. The architect is the one that decides things like the closet is going to have these dimensions and the master bath is going to be located here and the sinks are going to be located here. Those are all decisions made by the architect. Once they locate all these things and dimension all these things, the other consultants can utilize these locations to create things like, for example, the plumbing drawings that show the connections to the sinks and the master bath.
Now depending on how complex the structure is, many of the building's construction details might also be contained in the architectural drawings. So let me show you what I mean by that. If I jumped to sheet A-401, over here in our bookmarks, you'll see that I'm looking at some typical wall sections. So in this case, I'm still in the architectural drawings. I have an "A" sheet, and it's the architect that has designed what the wall consists of and how that wall connects to the roof.
So, for example, let's take a look at this. This detail tells us, again, what the wall consists of. It tells us what kind of siding or finish goes on the outside of the wall and what kind of waterproofing and things go on the inside of the wall. So there are a lot of different trades that are going to use information contained in the architectural drawings. The carpenter is going to use these details, the painter is going to get information, for example, off of the elevation drawings which are part of the architectural set of drawings to figure out what kind of painting and finishes go in this structure.
We looked earlier on the elevation views at the different types of windows that go in this structure. So a lot of different trades are going to use these architectural drawings. Now depending again on how complex the structure is, like you can see here a lot of the building's structural details might be contained in the architectural drawings. But this does vary depending on how complex the structure is. So let's go ahead and end this section, and in the next section we'll continue the discussion on architectural drawings and look at those in a little more detail.
In this course, learn how to read construction drawings. Jim Rogers helps you acquire this important skillset by taking you through the different components that make up construction plans, and helping you understand the language of construction drawings. He covers types of views, highlights different kinds of construction drawings—including architectural drawings, electrical drawings, and plumbing drawings—explains how to read general notes, and more.
- Deciphering the language of construction drawings
- Understanding line types
- Reviewing plan views, elevation views, section views, and isometric views
- Reviewing architectural drawings, structural drawings, and mechanical drawings
- Drilling down to the details
- Reviewing reference points on drawings
- Understanding schedules
- The future of construction drawings