Join Scott Simpson for an in-depth discussion in this video Comparing values, part of Learning Bash Scripting.
…One of the primary reasons you might want to write a script rather than…execute commands line by line is to…incorporate some logic into what you're doing.…For this, comparisons can be very useful.…We do this with double square brackets, a notation borrowed from KornShell.…It's important to keep spaces between the sets of brackets and the expression.…This expression returns 1 or 0 for failure or success.…Bash supports the standard compliment of comparators.…Less than, greater than, less than or equal to,…greater than or equal to, equal, and not equal.…These work within the double square brackets to compare strings.…
Let's take a look at how these work.…I'll test to see if one string is equal…to another and then echo the return value with $?…In this test context, you can use a single…or a double equals sign to test for equality.…I'll save that and then I'll run it.…And you see the first test for cat equals cat returns 0 for success.…And the next one cat equals dog returns 1 or failure.…I'll jump back into my script and I'll add another test.…
- What is Bash?
- Managing output with grep, awk, and cut
- Understanding Bash script syntax
- Creating a basic Bash script
- Displaying text with "echo"
- Working with numbers, strings, and arrays
- Reading and writing text files
- Working with loops
- Using functions
- Getting user input during execution
- Ensuring a response
Skill Level Beginner
1. Working with the Command Line
2. Building Bash Scripts
3. Control Structures
4. Interacting with the User
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