Join Shaun Bryant for an in-depth discussion in this video Using ortho and polar tracking, part of Cert Prep: AutoCAD Certified Professional (2015).
- We're now going to look at using the ortho and polar settings in AutoCAD itself. I'm using the drawing, 4 Drawing with Accuracy Orthopolar Complete. You can use the drawing, 4_Drawing with accuracy_orthopolar.dwg What I'm going to do, is leave you with a finished version again, like I've done for previous videos. So, we're in the drawing itself and what we'll do, we'll go to the Home tab on the ribbon. Just pop to the Layers panel. Just make sure that your current Layer is the Object Layer, like so, the green one.
Then, what we're going to do, is make sure that we're in the Model tab, and we're going to look at the Ortho setting first. Now, you can use the function key 8 to switch ortho on and off, or you can use, down here, the ortho setting, orthomode here. Now at the moment it's switched off. Now if I switch this on, as it says there on the fly- out, I'm going to restrict my cursor orthogonally. It's bit of a weird word to say, especially with an English accent, but if I switch that on now and I go up to Line command and I come in to the drawing area, it's prompting me to specify my first point.
Now I'm going to click down here, bottom left, and I'm going to come up and no matter which way I move the cross-hair, I'm restricted in the X and Y directions. Now, this is a really, really useful tool if you're working with regular shapes, because I can just use direct distance entry. Now, so if I go up there, and type in 5 in the distance box and press Enter, and then come this way and type 7 and press Enter, and then come down this way and type in 3 and press Enter, and then go this way, type in 4 and press Enter, and then come down again like this, down here, and I can just draw as much as I want to.
Now I could use my object snap tracking. If I hover on that point there, I can still use it orthogonally. Can you see I've got the intersection? There I click and then it's a Right-Click and a Close like we've done before. And you can see there that's a nice regular shape and I haven't had to worry about any angles because I'm drawing orthogonally, as in perpendicular to each other using the X and Y axes. So, I'm just going to pan that across a little bit now and what I'm going to do is I'm going to come down here to my polar tracking now.
Polar tracking is where I'm restricting the cursor to specified angles. Now if I switch polar tracking on, you'll notice it's off at the moment, you'll notice that ortho automatically switches off. You can only have one or the other switched on, like so. So I've got my polar switched on now. What I'm going to do now is click on the flyout arrow next to it and you can see that I've got various default settings in the list. I'm going to go in to my tracking settings. I just drag this dialogue box up into the center of the screen. So there's the polar tracking tab and the polar tracking is on.
The increment angle at the moment is 45 degrees. I'm going to add an additional angle and click on new and that's going to be 35 degrees and press Enter. I can add any angle I want there. So I click on OK now and what I've got now is the ability to track at angles of increments of 45 degrees and also that one angle of 35 degrees. It doesn't do increments of the 35 degrees though. It doesn't do that at all, it's one extra angle.
So what I'm going to do now is I'm just going to draft a very, very simple shape and I'm going to use multiple angles. So I'm going to go to the Line command, like so, and my polar tracking is on now, remember? So I'm going to start at this point here and click, like so. And as I drag horizontally now, can you see the polar tracking kicks in and I'm at 0 degrees. So in the distance box there I'm going to type 7.5 and press Enter. So there's my line 7.5 long. Now what I can do now, is I can drag up this way and there's my 45 degree increment. Can you see that there? Now you'll notice I'm also getting the 1 degree increment, that doesn't matter. I want 45 like that.
If I hold that at the 45 degrees by taking my hand off the mouse and type in a distance of 4 in the distance box and press Enter, it will draw that line at 45 degrees. Now, what I'm going to do now is just go vertically upwards, like so and just place the line to about there, keeping it in the 90 degree polar tracking. Just doesn't matter what distance it is, and click like so. I'm then going to hit Escape and I'm going to go back to the Line command and this time I'm going to click here on the endpoint, snap, left-click and I'm going to come up vertically using the polar tracking, restricting myself to that vertical angle.
I'm going to type in 3 and Enter. Now, when I come across this way, like this, as I drag up you'll see that I can lock in to that 35 degrees. Can you see that? It's locked in on the polar tracking. I'm going to type in a distance there of 4 as well, like so, and then Enter. And then my line is here, so I'm just going to pan down a little and I'm going to come up a little bit vertically, like so and I'm going to take that vertically upwards by 2 and then Enter. I'm going to take that across this way.
Now, because I've got polar tracking on I can also utilize my object snap tracking which is on, down there on the status bar. If I hover over that endpoint there and just come up, everything will track together. There's the intersection, click, take that down to the endpoint, snap, click Enter to finish and there's my shape utilizing both the 35 degree angle and the 45 degree angles that I set up in my polar tracking. So, make sure that you work with accuracy using both orthogonal, ortho, and also polar as well.
Remember with polar, you can set any angle you want. Even every single angle of 1 degree from 0 to 360 degrees if you want to go to that level of detail. So utilize those tools and practice with them for your AutoCAD professional certification exam.
- Creating and publishing AutoCAD files
- Drawing shapes and lines
- Creating isometric drawings
- Transforming objects
- Creating and using arrays
- Organizing objects and layers
- Reusing content with blocks
- Adding text, dimensions, multileaders, and scales
- Creating layouts
- Setting printing and plotting options
Skill Level Appropriate for all
Q: Is this certification available for AutoCAD for Mac users?
A: AutoCAD certification is on the Windows environment only. Currently Autodesk does not have plans for an AutoCAD for Mac certification.
Q: This course was updated on 02/01/2016. What changed?
A: We added four new videos to the "Certification: What Is It?" chapter. These tutorials cover Certiport, the online certification service that now offers a variety of Autodesk certifications.