Join Jeff Bartels for an in-depth discussion in this video Revising geometry using the Properties palette, part of AutoCAD 2014 Essential Training: 2 Drawing Fundamentals.
A lot of times as you're learning AutoCAD, your first impulse can be to erase your mistakes and start over. Sometimes though, it can be easier to correct the geometry you already have on the screen, rather than create new geometry. In this lesson, we'll look at how we can use the Properties palette to make corrections to a drawing. On my screen, I have a pair of gaskets. The one on the right represents correct geometry, and the one on the left requires some modifications. Our goal in this lesson is to make the drawing that we see on the left look like the drawing that's on the right.
To make these corrections, I'll be using the Properties palette. My Properties palette is currently anchored to the interface. If yours is not, you can always press Ctrl+1, to bring the palette up on screen. I'll be using the palette frequently in this lesson. So, I'm going to click the Auto-hide button to keep the palette docked to the interface. I will then zoom out a little bit, and will center this geometry on screen. Let's start by correcting one of the holes. If I look at the correct version on the right, I can see that all of these circles have a radius of 10.
To correct a circle, I will select it. And if I come over to the Properties palette, I can see that AutoCAD has found the circle. Just below, I can see all the settings that are associated with this geometry. It's important to note that I can adjust any property that I'd like, so long as that property is not grayed out. Since I cannot see all of the properties, I'm going to click on the slider. I'll drag this down, and I'm going to change the radius to 10. Press Enter, and then I'll press Escape when I'm finished.
That circle is now correct. Next, I'd like to fix the ellipse. Looking at the correct version, I can see that it should have a major axis of 300 and a minor axis of 120. So, I'll select the ellipse. We can see that AutoCAD recognizes what that geometry is. If I drag the slider down, we can also see that the ellipse has several more settings than a circle does. As I look through this, it does not appear that I have a measurement for the major and minor axis.
I do however have a setting for the major and minor radius. So, I'm going to change the major radius to 150, which is half of 300. And I'll press Enter. And then I will set the minor radius, this should be half of 120. That answer is obviously 60. Notice that when we're in this field, we get access to a calculator. If you don't want to do the math in your head, click the Calculator button. You can then click the More button to see the traditional Calculator tools.
I'm going to type 120 divided by 2 equals. I can then click Apply to apply that value to the setting. And I'll press Esc when I'm finished. As you can see, these corrections are fairly easy. One thing you maybe thinking is you know, it's kind of tedious though, I've gotta click each of these items one at a time. Actually we don't. Using the Properties palette, we don't have to be that specific with our selection. If I click in the upper left and then click again to make a window around this geometry, I can see that AutoCAD has found 11 items.
If I open this menu, you'll see that AutoCAD has also itemized the list. I'd like to fix all of the circles. So, I'll select Circle. I will then come down to the Radius setting, I'll change this to 10. When I'm finished, I'll press Esc. Take a look at the correct version of the label on the right side. We haven't even talked about text to this point, but now that we know how the Properties palette works, you'll see that correcting this text is very intuitive. I'll start by selecting the label. And we'll then come over to the palette.
And I can see that this text has a height of 15 and a rotation angle of 0. I'll press Esc to deselect. I will then select the other text object. And I will give it a height of 15 and a rotation angle of 0. When I'm finished, I'll press Esc. Finally, to put the Properties palette back into a collapsed anchored state, I'll move up to the Title bar and click the Minimize button. As you can see, the Properties palette is probably the most useful palette you have in the interface.
Using this palette, you can easily revise may of the items in the drawing without having to erase them and start over.
- Constructing lines
- Defining a unit of measure
- Locking to geometry with object snaps
- Drawing rectangles, circles, and polygons
- Applying hatch patterns
- Moving, copying, and rotating objects
- Erasing elements
- Undoing and redoing actions