Join Shaun Bryant for an in-depth discussion in this video Drawing lines and rectangles, part of Cert Prep: AutoCAD Certified Professional (2015).
- We're staying in the 2_Basic Drawing Skills_HOUSE drawing, so you can still use that exercise file to follow along with this particular video on the course. We're going to look at the next set of basic drawing skills, which is using lines and rectangles. Now what I'm going to do is turn that on its head and do the rectangle part of this section first, and then use the line command to tidy up. Now we're sticking with the landscaping thing.
In the previous video, what we did was we placed the little hexagons here, the polygons, to show a little steppy stone effect like so. Now we're going to zoom in on that area here, and as you can see, we've got a DEN/INFANT room, and again, it's got the double doors coming out into the garden area. So what we're going to do now is draw a rectangle to replicate a paved patio area. And we'll use the landscaping layer. So just check on your layers, make sure that you're using the landscaping layer as your current layer.
Then what we're going to do is just draw a rectangle in this area here. Then what we're going to do is use the line command to extend out from the doorway some lines that are obviously going to add a little area, a paved area, that comes out to the patio itself. So let's draw that rectangle now that forms the patio. Now there are numerous ways of drawing rectangles in AutoCAD itself. So let's have a look at that now. So we're going to go up to the Home tab on the ribbon, and again, we're in the Draw panel.
And where we had the polygon command, which is still current, I click on the fly out there and go to Rectangle. And I come into the drawing area. Now you'll notice the rectangle command is RECTANG. You can see that on the command line there. We're going to specify the first corner point, or you'll notice I can add a samphire, an elevation, a fillet, a thickness, or a width. Now the thickness and the width you don't really need to worry about. They're predominantly used in 3D drafting.
However, what we can do is specify width and then an area, and it will actually add the length. Length times width equals area of the rectangle. So I'm not going to worry about any of those. All I'm going to do is specify a corner point for my rectangle. So what I can do here is just pick a point and then drag. Now what I'm going to do is come down here and just click and drag my rectangle up with the mouse. And you can see it's asking me now to specify the other corner point. Now I can drag this rectangle wherever I wanted to.
I can go to and endpoint snap like that. But I want to have something that does a little bit like this because I don't want it coming all the way out past the building. Now I'm not worried about the actual physical size of the rectangle. What I am worried about is if you'll notice now, we're looking at the other corner point of the rectangle, and if you look at the command line, I can specify the area, the dimensions of the rectangle itself if I want to, and the rotation of the rectangle. Now the good thing is I can select any of these on the command line, or I can right click and select Area, Dimensions, Rotation if I wish there, on the shortcut menu as well.
Now I'm just drawing a freehand rectangle here, so you'll notice, look, because I've done that, can you see it's jumped to the other corner? Now I don't want it to do that, so I'm just going to hit Escape once. That cancels the command. I'll just right click, Repeat RECTANG on the shortcut menu, and I'm going to click here, drag upwards to about there, and click again. Just two clicks like that. So that's my rectangle command in place. Now what I'm going to do now is zoom in on the doors themselves and utilize the line command and my object snaps.
So make sure down here you've got your object snaps on. So there's object snap tracking, and there's object snaps. Make sure they're both on, and with your object snaps, click on the arrow and make sure that you've got Endpoint, Midpoint, and Center on, and specifically, you might want Perpendicular or Intersection in this case because we're going to take two vertical lines down to show a little bit of paved area coming from the doorway onto the patio itself.
The line command is nice and easy. Again, on the Draw panel. There's the Line command there. I click, and it prompts me for the first point of the line. Now obviously, I can type in a coordinate if I want to. I don't need a coordinate. I need an object snap. So there's the endpoint there. I select it, hover over it, click. As I drag down, because I've got my polar tracking switched on and my object snap tracking, I automatically get a vertical intersection there, and I click again, and then I right click and select Enter, or I can just press Enter on the keyboard to finish off that line command.
Again, it's a right click, Repeat Line, and then I can come here, use that endpoint snap there, again, with the polar tracking on and the intersection snap on, there's my intersection. I click again, and then what I do there is I draw that line. Now you'll notice, did you see there, it didn't actually snap to that first point? But I can just come up here, left click, and there it is like so. So it doesn't matter if you miss. You can just hit Escape to cancel the command like so, or you can just undo if you make an error.
Now don't forget you've got those undo tools up here on the quick access toolbar anytime. So if I undo that line, it's undone, I can go back to the Line command, endpoint snap, left click, drag it down to the intersection, left click, and then it's an Enter or a right click and Enter to finish off the line command. If I zoom out now, you can see I've drawn a rectangle to form the patio area and I've used some lines there just to represent a little paved area that joins the patio area to the doors.
- Creating and publishing AutoCAD files
- Drawing shapes and lines
- Creating isometric drawings
- Transforming objects
- Creating and using arrays
- Organizing objects and layers
- Reusing content with blocks
- Adding text, dimensions, multileaders, and scales
- Creating layouts
- Setting printing and plotting options
Skill Level Appropriate for all
Q: Is this certification available for AutoCAD for Mac users?
A: AutoCAD certification is on the Windows environment only. Currently Autodesk does not have plans for an AutoCAD for Mac certification.
Q: This course was updated on 02/01/2016. What changed?
A: We added four new videos to the "Certification: What Is It?" chapter. These tutorials cover Certiport, the online certification service that now offers a variety of Autodesk certifications.