Join Jeff Bartels for an in-depth discussion in this video Controlling appearance using styles, part of AutoCAD 2013 Essential Training: 4 Annotating a Drawing.
In most drawings you'll have text that represents several different things; callouts, titles, legends, even company logos. For this reason, AutoCAD allows us to create text styles, such that each type of text can have its own unique look. In this lesson we're going to create some text styles. On my screen I have a drawing of a title block that I've been working on. I'm going to zoom in on the lower right corner and I'd like to start by looking at the text styles that we have in this drawing.
To do that I'll click to expand the Annotation panel and then I'll click to open the Text Style menu, and you can see that we only have one style called Standard. This is the style that was used to create all of this text. That's why it all looks the same. Let's create a new style. To do that I'm going to click Manage Text Styles. This brings up the Text Style dialog box. Over here on the left is a listing of all of the styles that I have in the current drawing. On the right, I have some icons I can use to manage my styles.
I am going to click New and I'm going to create a text style called title text. It's a good idea to name your styles based on what the text is going to be used for. I'll click OK and now that I have given my style and name I'm going to open the Font menu and I'll select the font. As I drag up and down through this list, I'm sure the fonts look different than what you see on your screen. Everybody's system is unique. Pay note to the icons in front of the font name.
The TT represents TrueType. This is a Windows font. And the caliper represents that this font was installed with your AutoCAD. I'm going to select the Arial Narrow font for my style. Then I'll come over to the Font Style menu and I'll choose Bold Italic. Notice how you can see the preview update in the corner. I can use the Height setting to hardcode a height on the style, that way any time I create text using this style, it'll automatically be assigned to this height.
I'm going to leave this at 0 for right now. By doing that, any time I create text with the style, I'll have an opportunity to assign a height. Using this check box I can make my text annotative, such that it properly sizes itself for the scale of my plot. This is a topic that's best to be saved until we talk about plotting. Down at the bottom of the dialog box you'll find several special effects. For instance, we can make the style upside down, backwards. I can adjust the Width Factor to change the width of the characters.
I'll set this back to 1 and I can assign an Oblique Angle. This text already has an italic property. If I enter an angle here I can push this over even further. I am going to set this back to 0 and when I am finished adjusting my Text Style settings, I'll come down and click Apply and Close. Title text is now the current text style. So any text that I create from this point on will conform to those properties. Let's create some text. I am going to click to open the Text menu, and I'll choose Single Line.
I'll click on screen to start my text and I'm going to give this a height of .20. I'll accept the rotation angle of 0 and I'll type, This is what title text looks like. Now let's change the current text style. I'll come back and expand the Annotation panel. I'll open the Text Style menu and I'll choose Standard this time. I'll create another single-line text object right above the previous one, using a height of .20 and a rotation angle of 0, This is what standard text looks like.
Let's make one more style. Maybe I'd like to create some specialized text for my general notes. I am going to open the Annotation panel, I'll click the Text Style icon. I'm going to create a new style called general notes. I'll open the Font menu. Since this list is quite long I am going to use a shortcut. I'm going to type the letter C; that takes me to that point alphabetically in the list. And I'm going to choose City Blueprint for my font. I will accept all of the other settings and I'll click Apply and Close.
Let's create another single-line text object using the same height and rotation angle, This is what general notes looks like is. The best part about having your text properties controlled by a style is that if you've to make changes later, all you have to do is update the style and all of your text will change automatically. For example, all of the text that we see in this title block was created using the Standard style. Let's change the properties of that style.
We'll go right back to the Text Style dialog box. I'm going to select the Standard style, and let's change the font. I'll open the menu and then I'm going to use my keyboard shortcut. I'll type the letter T to go to that area alphabetically in the list and I'm going to choose Times New Roman. Let's also give this style an italicized look. I'll click Apply and Close. Then to get the text objects to update, I need to regen. I'll type RE and press Enter.
And you can see that all of the text objects created using the Standard style now conform to the new properties of that style. Let's make one more change. I am going to select all of these large text objects and then I'll come over to the Properties palette. Mine happens to be anchored to the interface. If yours is not, you can press Ctrl+1 to bring your palette up on screen. We'll drag down the Text settings and I'm going to open the Style menu, and notice as I drag across these styles we can see the text update on screen.
Let's change the style of these objects to the title text style. When I'm finished I'll press Escape to deselect. As you can see, using text styles we can have a variety to the appearance of our annotation. Later on, if changes are necessary, we can simply change the style and all related objects will update automatically.
- Creating single-line text
- Justifying text
- Controlling appearance with styles
- Creating bulleted and numbered lists
- Annotating with multiline text
- Correcting spelling errors
- Creating continuous and baseline dimensions
- Creating and modifying multileaders