In this video, author Shaun Bryant shows you how to add walls to an AutoCAD Architecture drawing.
- [Instructor] We're starting a new chapter now in our AutoCAD Architecture essential training course, and you'll notice we've got a new drawing to use as well. It's Wall Construction.dwg. As usual, you can download it from the website as an exercise file and use it to follow along with the videos. Now this particular chapter, we're going to work with the walls in our AutoCAD Architecture model. Now, when we're creating these walls in AutoCAD Architecture, there's a lot of presets going on in the background.
Now that does define how your walls are placed in your AutoCAD Architecture model. So for example, if you've got an imperial version of AutoCAD Architecture running, it'll be feet and inches. If you've got a metric version of AutoCAD Architecture running, it'll obviously be in millimeters or perhaps meters. Now, I'm running a UK version of AutoCAD Architecture, so everything I places will be in millimeters for my version of AutoCAD Architecture. If you're in America, for example, you'll find that your version of AutoCAD Architecture will be running in feet and inches.
Now, the units aren't a major problem right now, because what I'm showing you is the workflow and the process of placing your walls in your AutoCAD Architecture model. So what we've got on your wall construction drawing right now is a flat 2-D drawing with those lines there, those white lines, on layer zero, as a guideline for us to place our walls in the model. Now, there's two ways we can do this. The quick way is to use that lovely palette that you can see on the screen that comes up on the screen automatically every time you open up AutoCAD Architecture.
Don't close it. It's useful. It's one of those little palettes that you can either dock somewhere, or just have it sitting there on the right hand side like I've got it there. The other way that you can set up your walls is to go to the home tab on the ribbon, into the build panel, click on the fly-out here for Wall, and select Wall. Now as soon as you do that, you're in the Wall command, and you can see there it's prompting you on the crosshair there that the justification is the baseline, which will be our little white lines in our flat, 2-D AutoCAD plan. Now, in the Properties palette, I can go and change whatever type of wall I want to use.
I go here, and I hover over the type, and I click on Browse. And that opens up my Styles Browser, and I can go and pick a different wall style. So I can pick something like External Brick 102 Cavity there, and that changes the style. I click on it, and can you see the style changes there, and in the preview in the Properties as well. I can do it that way, and if I close the Styles browser now, I can carry on and start placing my wall. And you can see there's like a little orange thing there as I float around with the crosshair.
That's just letting me know that I've got a wall ready to be placed. Now, I'm now going to just hit Escape a couple of times, just to cancel that command. If I go over to the palette now, and select a brick wall like that, and come into the drawing area, it's already set in the properties for me. It's literally a one-click shop to get that wall. It's a little bit quicker, so use your tool palettes. They're just that little bit more productive. Now, I'm just going to hold down the wheel on the mouse and move the mouse just so I can see all my little white lines there.
And what it's prompting me now is to justify baseline. Now, the baseline is going to be that white line that I'm using, and it's going to use the baseline of this particular wall type. So if I now use my object snaps, which you need to make sure are on, I can use that corner there, click, and as I drag, it's placing that along the line like that. So I click there, and I come down, and I place my wall. And I come along again, place my wall. Now what happens if I need a curved wall? At the moment, it's straight.
So it's just a right click, and on the short count menu, select Arc, and now I'll just pick that midpoint of the arc, go up to there, click on that end point. I've got a nice arc there. Now you'll notice that's slightly incorrect. So what I can do is I can right click, I can use the Undo on the shortcut menu, like so. And it takes me back to the previous segment. Very useful. So what I need to do now is right click again, and make sure that I use that arc setting.
Now, you'll notice there isn't an arc setting. That's because AutoCAD Architecture still thinks I'm in the arc setting, which I am. So if I go back to Line, now, I'm now back to my straight lines, as you can see. So let's just right click again, and go to arc, and if I right click again, you'll notice that there's no arc, because I'm still in the arc setting. So I can just hit Escape once, and I'll want a midpoint snap there, and I'll want an endpoint snap there. Make sure you get the snaps right.
You might need to zoom in a bit closer as well. That does help. I am zoomed out quite a way there. But you can see that I've got a nice curved wall. So what I do now is I right click again, and it's all on that right click. And I click on line again. And I come to my end point here. And what I can do now is I can right click, and I can close this all the way back to the start point. And as you can see, the Properties palette disappears, because I've finished that command, the wall command. Now, if I zoom in nice and close on these, the lovely thing about these lines is that they've allowed me to place my walls exactly, but the lovely thing about the walls is, look, all the cavities have beautifully trimmed on the corners.
Now, each one of these is actually a wall segment. As you can see there, it's a wall, it's on layer A210G, there's the style name, there's the description. So I've now placed all of my walls, and if I zoom out a little bit now, and just jump over here to my view cube, and pick a corner so I get a nice symmetric view, you'll notice that my walls all have a height as well. So I'm starting to generate my AutoCAD Architecture 3-D model. Now, that height of the wall, I can select a wall like that, and what I can do is I can right click, and I can go to properties, right down at the bottom of the shortcut menu, and you'll notice there's the base height and the length.
Now, the length of my wall is 25 meters, which is 25,000 millimeters. But I can change the base height. So if I change that to, say, 1500 and press Enter, can you see what happened to the wall behind the Properties palette? If I now close the Properties palette, and just hit Escape a couple of times to deselect, I've now got a shorter wall, a lower wall, because I've changed the properties of that wall. So if I select it again, and I right click, and I go to Properties again here, and change that back to 3,000 now, that will take it back up to the height it was originally.
Close the Properties palette, and hit Escape again. So that's how I place my walls when I'm working in AutoCAD Architecture. And what we're going to do in this chapter is just place some walls. We're then going to modify some walls in a little bit more depth in the next video. I'll show you some little tips and tricks there. And then what we'll also look at is placing curtain walls, which are glazed walls, in our AutoCAD Architecture models.
In this course, author Shaun Bryant takes you through the tools and techniques used by professional architects to build amazing structures with AutoCAD Architecture 2018. Learn how to lay out simple floor plans with wall objects, which automatically form clean joints, and add windows and doors that intelligently cut wall openings. Discover how to create stairs and railings, floors and ceilings, and roofs. Find out how to add furnishings, fixtures, lights, and textures to bring your designs to life. Shaun also shows you how to create views and sheets, complete with schedules and tags, and prepare your documentation for printing.
- Adding and modifying walls
- Creating wall openings
- Working with custom and standard column grids
- Ceiling plans
- Stairs and railings
- Floors and roofs
- Furnishings and fixtures
- Setting up projects
- Creating views
- Annotating a drawing
- Adding schedules and tags
- Creating details
- Cameras, lights, and rendering
- Plotting your project sheets