Join Thiago Santos Mundim for an in-depth discussion in this video Sections and elevations, part of ArchiCAD Essential Training.
- [Voiceover] Now let's start documenting this project by creating sections and elevations. And to do that I'm going to minimize here the design tools. Let's keep the documenting tools open and let's go to the section tool. So before we start editing a section. I'm just going to go ahead and create one. So I'm gonna choose the first point and the final point of the section. And you can just click on the side that you want to look at. So I'm gonna look at this side and click here.
And there we have section that is called now S-04. And if you go here to your navigator under the sections, you should have this S-04 building section here. So let's double click on it. Let's see how it looks. It doesn't look really good yet. But we're gonna get there. So let's go back to the floor plan, and fist change how this section looks in the plan. So I'm gonna select the section, let's keep it zoomed here. And press Control T, or command T, if you're on a Mac.
And here in the section settings dialog. I'm gonna go to the first tab on the general where we can change the ID of the section so I'm gonna change it to A. And we're gonna change the name to section A. You can also change how far the section is going to look at. Right now the section is infinite. You can make it limited. We might have to do that so we don't see all that landscape there. So I'm gonna keep it limited. You can also limit the section vertically, we don't want to do that here.
So let's go ahead to the next marker. So here we can change the line type of the section. So you could change it to a solid or a dashed. You can also change from continuous section line to a segmented section line that means you're going to only see a little bit of line here close to the marker. Or when you change the orientation of the section. You can also choose the section to have a marker on the middle.
But we don't want to do that, but you want it at the end. And I know some practices, they prefer to have the section marker in only one side. And you do that by checking those boxes here. Before we change the size of the text of the marker symbol, let's first change the symbol itself. So I'm going to minimize this and open the next one. Here in the marker symbol and text you can choose the style. So we're gonna change the style 3 to style 6. And you can also change the text that appears inside these markers, So right now we have the ID of the section and the layout Id.
But we don't have any layout yet, so nothing's going to come up. But we're going to leave it this way. And if we go back here. You will realize that the letter doesn't fit inside the marker. So let's make the marker bigger. 12 millimeters should do. And let's go ahead and press OK. So this already looking better, and you will notice that now the section marker have this symbol here. Which represents the limit or how far we are looking at the section. So I'm gonna keep it here.
Don't worry this is not going to get printed. Only the section marker will. So now let's go here to the project navigator. Double click on the sections and now let's start changing how the model looks in the section. So instead of going in the plan, selecting the section and using control T. I'm gonna go here to the top right click here. And go to section settings. So it's pretty much the same thing as we were doing before in the plan. I want to take a look at this model display.
Where we can change how this model is going to look. Starting in the cut elements where we can change the fill for the surface looks. Now we have a uniform surface that is this general grey. So we could choose the cut fill for the object. So we have the original settings of the objects. We can also choose their own surface colors. But I will keep uniform surface, but instead of general. Let's choose a darker color. I'm gonna go for this ivory black.
Because we don't want to show to much details. It's just a schematic design. You can also have a uniform pen for the cut elements. So I'm gonna activate here, and the pen 21 is pretty thick should do the job. Now going to the uncut elements here. We can choose the fill for the uncut surface. So right now we have a uniform pen color. Which is okay, but for instance you could have their own surface color. Just for you to see how it looks, I'm going to go and press OK here.
And everything should get it's original color. Looks okay, but I really don't want that. So I'm gonna go right here to the top, right click, section settings. So instead own surface color, I'm gonna go to uniform and right now we have the window background which is white. But I recommend you to use the transparent. And that's because when you export the section to DWG. You will get less hatchet. So let's keep it transparent.
You can also have a uniform pen color for the contours. So I'm gonna go ahead, tackle that and choose a thinner black. So the pen number one. You can also activate the vectorial 3D hatching. Which means every material that has a hatching will come up. And also transparency which we don't really want. Because I don't want to see those lines here after doing that. It just makes it confusing. So I'm gonna uncheck this part. And on the sun and shadow settings I'm going to activate this sun and shadows so we have a little bit of depth in this drawing.
But 50 percent is a little bit too heavy so I'm going to make a fill of 25 percent for the sun and shadow. Let's press OK, see how it looks. Yep, that's looking much better. So this hatching for the stone is the vectorial hatching that we have activated before. And it just looks good. I'm going to change the mesh to not have this earth. Let's go ahead her on top and change it without Earth. Just going to look less heavy. But feel free to add to the elements for instance I can add to the fill for the earth.
So I'm gonna go here quickly. Now, as you may have noticed the grid elements is a little bit too high here. Where you want it lower, and the settings of that is actually on the grid element itself So I'm gonna go back to the plan. And select every grid element that we have. Here we go, go to the settings using Control T or command T. And here on the grid element, on the second tab we have section and elevation settings.
So the only thing I need to change here is that right now I'm going from 10,000 on the top and minus 4,000 on the bottom. I'm going to change from four to minus 6,000. Press OK, let's go back to our section. And that is already looking better. I don't know if you have noticed but here we have already. A damation for the gird that is the wrong place. And this is actually on the section settings, so I'm going to right click here. Go the section settings, go all the way to the bottom here on the grid too.
So here we can switch off the grid elements if you don't want to see them. Or if we have them om we can choose to have the damation lines and add certain levels. So I'm gonna change here from minus two, to nine thousand. So those damation lines are going to go all the way up. One last thing on the section are those levels here on the side. So we're gonna go back here, right click, section settings. Go to the story level tab. And the way our CAD is doing right now is actually displaying those levels only.
They are not going to get printed if you want them to get printed you have to change here from display only to display and output. You can also change the line that we have here. Or we can switch that line off, so we only have a little extension here on the side. Which is preferred, so I'm gonna press OK and there we go. Our section is already looking much better. So going to the plan, sometimes you're going to have situations where you want to break a section up.
So if I click here on this middle point in the pat palette. I have the option to break the section, So I can break this section, change it's position. So now I have this symbol in the middle of the section. So I'm gonna move this a little bit here. That's better, and let's see how this section looks. There we go, going back to the plan now let's add some elevations. Elevations aren't exactly the same as section when it comes to editing them. So you're gonna have here the name, the ID, if you want a limit.
The only difference is that the elevation by standard has the marker head in the middle. Instead of both at the end. Which you can change here, but I really don't want to do that. So you can go ahead, set up the elevation just like we did with the section. Press OK, and click on the first and last point of the elevation and choose where you want to look at. So we want to look at the building here. And there we go. If you go to the project navigator here, under elevations you should have our first elevation.
So I'm gonna double click on it and there we go. So it needs a lot of setting up but nothing we don't know how to do. So go ahead and add as many sections as you want for this project. And add at least the four elevations.
- Opening and navigating an ArchiCAD project
- Setting up working units and stories
- Importing drawings
- Modeling walls, slabs, doors, and windows
- Grouping and ungrouping objects
- Creating sections and elevations
- Working with dimensions
- Publishing drawings
- Modeling and documenting detailed designs
Skill Level Appropriate for all
Q: This course was updated on 06/14/2017. What changed?
A: The following topics were updated: using the Stair tool and working with objects. In addition, new videos were added that cover what's new in ArchiCAD 21, stair settings, working with railings, railing settings, using the Multiply tool, and 3D styles.