Join Thiago Mundim for an in-depth discussion in this video Fills, part of ArchiCAD Essential Training.
- [Voiceover] Now let's take a look at the fill types, but before we go there, let's create a little bit of fill here. I'm gonna create a square fill and when you create a fill, if you go here to the settings, we can choose from a drafting fill, a cover fill, or a cut fill, or a building material fill. So cover fill, they're gonna be fills for surface, like how is the surface of a brick wall, or a paver, or grass, gravel, so they represent surface.
You also have cut fills that represent materials when we cut them, for instance, we have here a representation for wood, or when we cut a brick, or gypsum, or earth, and so on. So those are the main types of fills that we can use right now. When we created those slabs here, if we wanted to, we could have chosen a cover fill for the bathroom, for instance, to have tiles. You don't really need to create the 2Ds. It's best if you actually do it in the slab.
So I'm gonna take a piece of this slab out, I'm gonna just add a new note here, offset this edge, and that's actually the way you do it. You need to have two different slabs to have two different properties. And that's okay, because later on, we're gonna have those slabs in two different composites. So now I'm gonna go to the settings of the slab, and if we go here on the floor plan and section, at the bottom, we have an option for cover fills.
Right now, we're doing a fill type for ground. I'm gonna change this to a grid, 30 by 30, and I'm gonna choose the foreground pen to be this pen, number two, and the background to be white. So let's press OK, and there we go. We have a fill type of 30 by 30 for this floor. There's another cool feature here in the cover fill. If I go down to the bottom, we have the cover fill orientation. So right now, the orientation of this fill is on the zero-zero of the project, which is this point here, where we started.
So we can change it here from project origin to the fill origin. This means that ArchiCAD is gonna give us a custom place to start the fill, which is this line here that we can move around. So I'm gonna select this and position right in the corner and this is how we do the setting out for the tiling of the bathroom. But let's say I don't want to use this 30 by 30. I want to create a new fill type 45 by 45. And that's when we need the attributes for the field type.
So I'm gonna go ahead and click on fill types, and here we can find all the fills that we have currently in ArchiCAD. I'm gonna select the grid 30 by 30, press New, and I'm gonna create a new one called grid 45 by 45, and yes, I do want to duplicate the grid 30 by 30. Press OK. And I'm gonna change the spacing here for 44, 45 by 45 zero.
So now we have a 45 by 45, we could also change the angle of this fill if we want to, but we don't really do, so I'm gonna go back to zero and press OK. And going to the slab again, in the settings, we should be able to choose from the grid 30 30 to the grid 45 by 45. But now let's say I want to create a new fill from scratch. I want to create a new fill for this kind of paver, which is called grass paver. So I'm gonna go here to the side, and I already have down here using true lines something that will give me that kind of texture.
So all I have to do is select everything here and press control C, so I copy it. If you're on a Mac, you use command C. And now let's go to the fill types, and I'm gonna press new again. Let's name it grass paver. And instead of duplicating from earth, I'm gonna create a new symbol fill from scratch. So press OK. And here we're gonna choose the availability. So it's not a cut fill, it's a cover fill. I'm gonna uncheck cut fill here.
You can also change the pattern that's gonna show here on this corner, which makes it easier for us to find. All you have to do is to start clicking on those points to turn them on and off, and you can try to draw our grass paver, I'm not gonna do that right now, so just gonna show you how you start doing it, and here below I'm gonna press this button, paste. So it pastes all the drawing that we copied there. We can zoom out a little bit here to take a look and it is already telling me that this drawing is 500 by 500, which is OK.
So let's go ahead and press OK to save it. Now if I go back to our fill, we should be able to choose this grass paver, and I want to do that here on the basement. For this paver on the entrance, I'm gonna go to the settings, cover fill, instead of foreground I'm gonna change this to grass paver and the foreground line, I'm gonna choose this very light grey, the pen 102, and the background I'm gonna choose white again.
Press OK, and there we go. We have the paver that we just created. Creating fills is something that we do a lot of on the project, and as you can see it's a very intuitive process. So go ahead and feel free to create as many fills as you may need.
- Opening and navigating an ArchiCAD project
- Setting up working units and stories
- Importing drawings
- Modeling walls, slabs, doors, and windows
- Grouping and ungrouping objects
- Creating sections and elevations
- Working with dimensions
- Publishing drawings
- Modeling and documenting detailed designs
Skill Level Appropriate for all
Q: This course was updated on 06/14/2017. What changed?
A: The following topics were updated: using the Stair tool and working with objects. In addition, new videos were added that cover what's new in ArchiCAD 21, stair settings, working with railings, railing settings, using the Multiply tool, and 3D styles.