Join Thiago Mundim for an in-depth discussion in this video Composites, part of ArchiCAD Essential Training.
- [Voiceover] So when we're building the walls and the slabs in a concept design, we are choosing this generic structure here 'cause we don't want to add too much detail too early in the process. But now that we're moving to a more detailed phase of the project, we're gonna start using composites. So if I change this wall type here to composites, ArchiCAD is gonna give me a list of composites to choose from which is basically a build up of this wall. So for instance, I can tell ArchiCAD that this wall is gonna be a 100 block insulated cavity or it's gonna be a basement wall, or a stud partition.
So let's go ahead and select one of those and see how it looks like. I'm gonna select this one and press okay. So here we can see that we have a brick, a block work insulation, some plaster, things that we're not gonna have on this house so I'm gonna undo this. Now let's see how we actually create or edit new composites. So I'm gonna go here to the composites icon, next to the building material, and here we have a list of all the composites that we can choose from.
We have buttons to create, duplicate, rename, or delete the composites, and then we have a list of all the schemes that this composite have. So for instance, here we have a floor tile, a screed, concrete structural, an airspace and a plaster. If you take a look at another composite, you're gonna have different kinds of skins. Next we can choose what's the line pin that separates those composites, and you can choose what is the type of skin. So for instance, here the block work is a core, the plaster at the end is a finish and the insulation or the air gap or others.
And then finally you can tell ArchiCAD what is this composite gonna be. This composite gonna be for walls, slab, roofs or shelves. So let's create one composite from scratch. So I'm gonna go ahead here and create one new, and I'm gonna call this a IWS for internal wall system, 001. Hit okay, and the new composite comes with one brick skin which is not what I'm gonna use, I'm gonna change this to the air space frame. For the stud wall, I'm gonna insert another skin here made of gypsum plaster board and let's change it to 12.5 and then I'm gonna click on air frame again insert another scheme for another plaster board.
12.5, another plaster board 12.5, but let's say we want to have a sound insulation, so I'm gonna break this air frame in two parts of 50 and I will tell ArchiCAD that one of them is actually a insulation fiber or it's narrow soft. Next let's choose the line pin, and one tip is to stick to the collumn that belongs to the element type. So if we're doing a wall, let's find the wall column here.
So we have wall column general, structural or non-structural so I'm gonna go for this one because we don't have any structural element here and you can actually copy and paste instead of chosing one by one. I'm gonna do it all 47. Next let's choose what is core and what is finish. So I know the plaster is finish, so I'm gonna chose those two to become finish and the frame to be a core and the insulation to be other.
Finally let's choose where this composite's gonna be available. So it's only a wall, I'm gonna uncheck all the other boxes and then go ahead and press okay. So now I'm gonna apply this composite to those two walls here, so I'm gonna use the info box here, change the structure to composite and then go to my IWS 01. There we go, and to be a little bit more consistent I'm gonna change this one which says outside face, this one says inside face, so let's change this one to inside face as well and flip the wall.
Good so we have one consistent insulation going in the corner. I'm gonna use the same composite for those two walls here, so I'm gonna change from generic to composite IWS 01 but on the toilet here, I actually want to have wall tiles so I'm gonna create a new composite for this. I'm gonna right-click here, the wall, go to edit select composite, which is a faster way to go straight to the composite we want instead of clicking here and then trying to find it, and I'm gonna duplicate this guy, so duplicate, let's create the IWS 02, hit okay, and I'm gonna add a new layer here so insert new skin, and it's not gonna be a gypsum plaster board it's gonna be a wall tile which is a surface that I have created before.
So wall tile, good, it's just for walls, so press okay, and now let's change those two walls to IWS 02. So there we go, one and the other one. So now if we look closer, we actually have a new skin for this build up of the wall. You notice that we also need to do the same here on this wall, so I have to break this wall in two parts, so I'm clicking on the edge of the wall and making sure that on the pet pilot, I have the create new note selected.
Make sure that the notes meet at the same point. Now I can select this segment and change the IWS to IWS 02. And I'm gonna do the same thing with this slab, so when you create composites for a slab, it's exactly the same process, the only difference that you have to say that is available to slab, and I have create here an internal floor system for this slab, my IFS 08, go press okay, and I'm gonna change this slab from generic to composite and then the IFS 08.
So let's move one section here and take a look on this junction, so I'm gonna move and open the section A, I'm gonna zoom in here and you will notice that we're gonna need to start changing this setting out of the slab, so we have a flush finish going through. So let me show you what I'm talking about. So if we go back to the floor plan, I will offset one edge of the slab, so I'm gonna choose the offset one edge, and clear the plaster board here.
Now going back to the section, I will tell this wall that it should start earlier, so it should start here on the negative 300. So there we go, we have a plaster that goes flush and the structure sits a little bit behind. We have our screed and the floor tile finishing exactly on the wall tiles. So now you go ahead and start creating composites for all those walls and you will notice how much you actually design when you're doing that.
When you start putting more detail, that's when you start defining how the house is gonna look like. So I'm gonna open here the end file for this exercise and your house should look a little bit like this. So I have a block work that goes all around, I have stud wall inside the house, if we open the sections, you're gonna find a lot of junctions here where you have to define it a little bit more later, but you can see how all the composites come together and how the automatic intersection of ArchiCAD solves some of the issues for you.
But if I go here to this section E that I have created and I wanna make sure that those walls actually are touching the slab. So I could stretch the walls here but there is actually another way to do it which is go to edit, reshape and adjust elements to the slab. Then ArchiCAD is gonna ask you do you wanna adjust below or above or both, I'm just gonna adjust below to the core chop, press okay, and then ArchiCAD is gonna stretch those walls for me, it's saying that two elements have been successfully adjusted to the slab, and as you can see my wall is going all the way but my wall doesn't have more priority than the screed, but it does have more priority than the finish of the floor so I have a better detail here.
So go ahead, start doing those composites and at the end your house should look something like this.
- Opening and navigating an ArchiCAD project
- Setting up working units and stories
- Importing drawings
- Modeling walls, slabs, doors, and windows
- Grouping and ungrouping objects
- Creating sections and elevations
- Working with dimensions
- Publishing drawings
- Modeling and documenting detailed designs
Skill Level Appropriate for all
Q: This course was updated on 06/14/2017. What changed?
A: The following topics were updated: using the Stair tool and working with objects. In addition, new videos were added that cover what's new in ArchiCAD 21, stair settings, working with railings, railing settings, using the Multiply tool, and 3D styles.