Join George Maestri for an in-depth discussion in this video Mixed emotions, part of Character Animation: Dialogue.
Once we understand the basic emotions, we can start mixing and matching emotions to get more complex moods and emotions. So let's take a look at this. We're going to start with just mixing upper and lower face. So I'm going to start off with a neutral position, and let's go to a happy pose. In fact let's go a little bit further, let's go to a happier pose. So in this happy pose we've got the mouth pulled up into the cheek and we've got some relaxed brows.
Now if we change this just a little bit, and change the brows, now we have something completely different. We have an evil grin. And that's because the top half of the face is completely different than the bottom. So we've got in the top half of the face we've pushed the brows down. We have angry brows up on top, but we've got a smiling face on the bottom. And so this mix of emotions gives us a very different mood. So we can just go from happy to evil just by flipping the eyebrows around.
Now if we want we can even push this basic emotion a little bit further. We can narrow the eyes and get the eyes involved in the anger but still maintain the happy face. And again, this face here is much different than this face. And it's really just because we're working with the upper portion of the face. So if you think of any of these that I'm going to show you, that basically what we're doing is we're just mixing and matching a long whole line here.
So up here we have angry and down here we have happy. And the mixture of those two gives you a completely different message. So let's go back to a neutral pose. And let's dial in something a little bit different. So let's go to a sad face. And we have a classic sad face with sad brows. But if we change the brows, and again, if we change just the upper portion of the face we get a much different emotion. So in this case, we're displaying an emotion somewhat like rage, so the character is starting to get angry.
And again, the only change here was the eyes. So here we have sad eyes, and here we have kind of a surprised, angry brow, so we've got a little bit of rage going on here. Let's go to another emotion here. This is a classic fear emotion. We've got the corners of the mouth pulled down and the brow's up. And again, if we change this, we've changed just the mouth to happy. And now we've got something that's probably a little bit more worried. So we've got kind of a worried happiness, maybe worried but glad, something like that.
Let's start with another emotion. Let's start with surprise. So again surprise is a very open emotion, we've got the mouth open, we've got the brows up, we've got the eyes wide. If we change the lower portion of the face and just make it sad, then you get something that's a little bit more like shock or disbelief. And again, we're just mixing and matching emotions along this horizontal line here, so we're just mixing upper and lower. So, up here on the top we have surprise, down here we have sad. So, those two together make for a little bit different emotion. And we can just change that lower portion of the face a little bit and have a smile with a surprised look, and we get something that maybe is a little bit more hopeful. So as you can see, you can mix and match the basic emotions to get more complex emotions. Now we mixed these along the top and bottom axis but you can also mix them asymmetrically.
- Understanding the role asymmetry plays in facial expression
- Conveying basic and mixed emotions
- Planning shots
- Blocking out timing
- Reading dialogue
- Animating lip sync
- Adding blinks and eye movement