Join George Maestri for an in-depth discussion in this video Balance and symmetry in poses, part of Character Animation: Basics.
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When you pose your characters, you want to take into consideration the weight and balance of the characters. Now this means having your characters balance so that they look like they're firmly connected to the ground. Now this pose here is very simple, but it is balanced. So if you take a look at it, you'll see that well, we've got the weight of the character is basically going straight down. From the head, and it's basically the center of the character's balance, is right there in between the feet.
Now this particular pose is not that interesting because it's symmetrical. So if we want to make a more interesting pose, we can certainly push the character to one side or the other. And this actually changes the balance of the character. Now if we want to, we can also get the hips and the shoulders involved to get a much stronger pose. Now with this sort of pose, you can see how the weight has shifts. Now instead of going straight down, it actually is going more down through this leg.
So the center of gravity of this character is more towards her left leg. Now if you want to push this pose further you can, but if you push it too far you're going to get a character that's out of balance. So in this case, as you can see the weight of the character is now falling on the outside of the foot, so it's right around here. So we've got a character that's out of balance, and she basically looks like she's going to fall over. Now, when you push a character out of balance, the audience will get a little bit uneasy, because they will expect the character not to stand up.
But we can certainly fix this pose, too. All we have to do is shift the weight of the character. And once we do, we have a much more balanced pose again, because now we've got this mass of her torso and this mass of the hips over the feet. So you can see that the weight of this is really coming down between the feet. So we've got again a balanced pose. And really what we want to do is we want to collect all the masses of the character and then just draw a straight line down to the ground to make sure that the character is properly supported.
So let's take a look at how to create a balanced pose. We're going to go ahead and just start with a reasonably symetrical pose and again, this one has the weight between the feet. And again, if you take a look at this pose, we have the weight going straight down, and it's pretty much centered between the feet. Now if we push this pose over, you'll see that again, we're getting the weight above one foot, so now the weight is actually going on the character's right foot.
So the weight is going straight down. That way. Now this works, but we have to take into consideration the entire character. So if we take a look at this foot here, this really isn't supporting the weight of the character. This foot here is not supporting the weight of the character. So with the hips here, we're basically getting this part of the character is less supported than this part and what this is going to do is, it's going to pull the character down from this point and we're going to get an imbalance.
So basically this hip isn't supported, so what's going to happen is gravity is going to pull that hip down. So if we rotate that hip, then we get a much better lower body position, because now this hip is rotated because it is supported more firmly on this side than it is on this. And so we're getting this kind of angled motion here. So we're basically getting kind of a tilt in the hips of the character. But when we do this, you'll see that well, the upper body of the character doesn't look quite right.
Of course we can fix that, just by tilting the character up, and when we do that, you'll see that we get a really classic situation that you'll see in a lot of balanced poses, and that's the opposition of the shoulders and the hips. So basically what we have, is we have the hips are at an angle. And that's because you're supported more on one side than the other. But in order to counter balance that, we have to angle the shoulders in the opposite direction.
So we have the hips going this way and the shoulders going the opposite way. And the spine itself is just curving to make that happen. And this is really very classic in a standard, balanced pose. You're going to have the hips going in one direction, the shoulders will go in the other, to balance out that pose. Now, when you're working in 3D, you have to take into consideration the entire character from all angles. So, if we take a look at this pose, from the side, you'll see that, while it's balanced, it still isn't quite fluid.
It's very straight up and down. So if we want we can pose it from another angle just to add a little bit more realism to the pose. So what I'm going to do is I'm going to arch her back a little bit, push her rear end out, and she'll have a much stronger pose. And then when we take a look at this from the front, you'll see that the character looks a little bit better. So again, we can do this on the opposite side. So if her weight shifts to the other side, again, we'll have the same situation. We'll have the hips going in one direction, shoulders going in the other, and then the spine, connecting them.
Now these poses have both feet on the ground. But you can certainly have a balanced pose with one foot on the ground. So here we have a character and he's in a more dynamic pose. He has one foot on the ground supporting his body. But we still have pretty good weight balance on the character. So as you can see, the weight of the character is basically just going straight down to the foot. And this character is pretty balanced. One of the things you have to take into consideration in the character is that we have a lot of parts of the character that are in midair.
So we have, for example, the hands. And those are actually subjected to gravity. So gravity is trying to pull those hands down. The same goes with the feet. That foot wants to be pulled down, it weighs something. The character is expending energy to hold all of this up. And the same goes for the character's body. He's got, you know, his body is really supported just by one leg. So everything wants to be coming down. So you see, the character's really just moving in that one direction.
He's trying to move down. So as you pose characters, you want to take this into consideration. If you're holding a pose like this for a long time, you need to make sure that you take into account the effect of gravity. Now with this pose here, this pose is pretty much balanced. But as a character moves into action, he will move into an unbalanced state. And this is a very important point. Poses that are static, are balanced. Action poses are unbalanced.
So let's take him into a run. So he goes into a basic run pose here and this particular pose is out of balance. So, his center of gravity is here. And it's really pulling him down this way. But he's starting to run. And that's really what all motion is about. It's putting your body out of balance and then moving. So in order to move, you have to go out of balance. So this pose is out of balance, and then as he moves forward into the run, again his weight is not directly over his foot.
And that tells the audience that he's in motion. So as you can see, balance is really important for character poses. Make sure that in static or stable poses, that the weight of the character is over one foot or the other, or both. And then when the character moves into a more dynamic pose, you can push the character out of bounds.
- Telling stories through posing
- Creating a strong line of action in poses
- Animating seating to standing poses
- Adding anticipation and follow-through
- Making your character walk
- Animating the head and face
- Animating basic phonemes
- Animating a scene