Join David Gassner for an in-depth discussion in this video Creating pages with dynamic output, part of ASP.NET Essential Training.
Once you've created an ASP.NET website, you can then add additional pages to the website. Each page is built as an HTML file, with added elements and attributes that are processed by the ASP.NET Application Server at runtime. You place the code either in the page itself or using an architecture sometimes known as Code Behind, you can place your scripting code in a separate file. I will first show you how to create a dynamic page using the Visual Basic language. I'm working in the existing website, HelloWorld. From the Visual Web Developer menu, select Website > Add New Item. The contents of the Add New Item dialog box will differ, depending on what sorts of components you have installed on your system. Regardless of what you have installed though, you should minimally have the Web Form item.
A Web Form is an ASP.NET page. When you select Web Form, notice that the name defaults to a file name with an extension of .aspx. In this first example, I'm going to create a file that uses the Visual Basic language. I'll name the file HelloFromVB.aspx and I'll select from the language list Visual Basic. Notice the option, Place code in separate file is selected. Again, this results in placing your scripting code in a separate file that's linked into the HTML page itself.
I'll click the Add button to create the file. This actually results in creating two files. The main file, HelloFromVB. aspx, is open on the screen and it's shown in the Solution Explorer where I'm pointing my cursor. When I click the Tree icon, I'll see that there is a second file called HelloFromVB.aspx.vb and at the top of the file in the page declaration, I'll show you that there is a CodeFile attribute that refers to this VB file.
The contents of the VB scripting file are incorporated into the page when it's requested from the server or as it's complied. Now, I'm going to open the VB file by double clicking it in the Solution Explorer. When you declare a variable, which is a place to hole a dynamic value in a page that uses Visual Basic, you place it inside the partial class declaration, and then when you declare it you use something called an access modifier. That declares where that variable will be visible.
I will use an access modifier called Protected. I'll type in the first few characters, prot, I'll see a list of the available items that start with that string and then I'll press the spacebar. That autocompletes the keyword Protected. Now, I'm going to put in the name of the variable that I want to create. I'll simply call it var1. In Visual Basic, you then declare the data type or the type of data the variable will hold using the keyword as. I press the spacebar, I type the letters a-s, and I see the as keyword displayed. Once again I press the spacebar to continue. Notice that Visual Web Developer automatically uppercases the word As, as it should be. Then I select the data type, which in this case will be String. I start typing the name of the identifier and then press the spacebar to autocomplete it.
Finally, I'm going to assign this variable an initial value by adding the = sign, and then a string wrapped in, "Hello from VB". In Visual Basic that's the complete statement. Once again, I have declared a variable named var1. I have set it as Protected, which I'll explain in another video, and I have set its data type to String and its value to, Hello from VB. Now, I'll press Ctrl+S to save the file and I'll go back to the web page that uses that code file.
Now, to output that value in the page, I'll place the cursor between the div tags. Notice that the div tags are inside a form. All ASP.NET pages contain this form element by default, which allows the page to be submitted to the server. In order to output the variable I'll use this code. I'll start with the less than character, then with percent character. Notice that Visual Web Developer autocompletes that code and creates an ending token to match.
Then I'll put in an equals operator, which means output a value. Then I'll start typing the name of my variable, var1, and notice that Visual Web Developer already knows the name of the variable. When I see it on the screen selected, I'll press the spacebar to autocomplete the code. I'll press Delete once to cleanup the code a little bit, and then Ctrl+S, and notice that Visual Web Developer closes up the code and makes it nice and pretty. I've saved the file and I'm ready to test it. I'll go to the menu and select Debug > Start Without Debugging, or press Ctrl+F5. When the page is loaded, it displays the dynamic value, Hello from VB.
Now, I'll do the same thing in C#. I'll close the browser. Once again, I'll go to Website > Add New Item. I'll name this file HelloFromCSharp and I'll select that language, Visual C#, and click Add. I'm going to open up the aspx file in the Solution Explorer panel and then open its associated code file, which now has an extension of .cs. You will see that the C# file is a complete class declaration, marked only by this keyword, partial. I explain more about partial classes in the chapter on ASP.NET Architecture. For now the one thing you need to know is that if you want to declare a variable and make it available to the page itself, you place it inside the class declaration, but above the Page_Load function which is called, and an event handler function.
I will create a less than character and a percent. Visual Web Developer automatically completes that much of the code. The equals operator to indicate that I want to output a value. Then once again, var1, the name of the variable. Then I'll run the page, selecting Debug > Start Without Debugging. When the page loads, I see the dynamic value, Hello from C# displayed on the page. So that's a look at how to create dynamic web pages using Visual Web Developer.
Each page consists of the page itself plus a linked code file. You don't have to separate the code and the HTML markup into two separate files, but Visual Web Developer makes it very easy to do this, if that's the architecture that you want to follow.
- Storing data with SQL Server
- Using the GridView control to present and edit dynamic data
- Creating a data entry system
- Attaching external CSS files
- Creating pages to log in and authenticate visitors
- Installing Internet Information Services (IIS) on Windows XP and Windows Vista
- Deploying an ASP.NET website on IIS
Skill Level Beginner
Q: When trying to create a new database, after pasting the text into the SQL Management Suite and executing the query, the database is not created and the following message appears:
Database 'mybookstore' does not exist. Make sure that the name is entered correctly.
What is causing this error?
A: The database must be explicitly created before the script is run. Start by right-clicking on the Databases item in the left panel, then follow the prompts to create the database. Then retry the query.
Q: I am running into problems installing the latest version of ASP.NET. Has the installation procedure changed since this tutorial was recorded?
A: The installation process for the newest version of ASP.NET and its associated tools is a little different than in ASP.NET 3.5, which was used to record this course. You can download Microsoft Web Platform Installer 2.0 from:
<a href="http://www.microsoft.com/web/downloads/platform.aspx" target="blank">http://www.microsoft.com/web/downloads/platform.aspx</a>
Microsoft Web Platform Installer 2.0 includes everything you need:
Visual Web Developer 2010?
SQL Server Express
You must have one of the following operating systems:
Windows Vista SP1?
Windows XP SP2+?
Windows Server 2003 SP1+?
Windows Server 2008?
Windows Server 2008 R2
You must have administrator privileges on your computer to run the Web Platform Installer.
Q: This course was updated on 2/13/2013. What changed?
A: Since this course was recorded, Microsoft has released both ASP.NET 4.5, the latest version of the server-side web application server, and Visual Studio Express 2012 for Web (the successor product to Visual Web Developer). Both have been adapted to work on Windows 8. There will be some visual changes and some functional changes, but most of the server-side code shown in the course is the same. This update provides a map for those working with the latest software so they can navigate their way through the course.
In particular, we added <em>What's new</em> movies for both ASP.NET 4 and 4.5, a movie explaining the significance of the update, a movie on installing SQL Server Express 2012, and one on exporting database scripts in SQL Server Management Studio 2012, as well as updates to visuals throughout the course.
Q: In the chapter on user authentication, an authentication error results when I try to use the Login component or register a new user. How do I fix this?
A: This is a known error that can occur when using the original release of Visual Studio 2012 Express for Web. Update your copy of Visual Studio for Web to at least maintenance release 1, and then try the exercise again.