Join Mike Meyers for an in-depth discussion in this video Laptop types, part of CompTIA A+ (220-901) Cert Prep: 6 Laptops and Mobile Devices.
- Wow, look at all these computers I got in front of me! Now, the interesting thing about laptops is that different people need different types of laptops to do different things. Some of us need really heavy firepower, and some of us want it light and portable with a reduced feature set. All of these different types of laptops have very specific names. I wanna go through all of these five different types so that you know them for the A exams. (upbeat music) - Let's start off with this guy right here.
This is the standard laptop computer. Now, CompTIA defines a standard laptop computer as a computer that's going to be having somewhere in the area of about half a gig to one gigabyte of RAM. It's gonna be running some form of mobile Intel processor. It'll have a two and a half inch drive. It will have optical media. But the important thing here to appreciate is that this is just running regular Windows. There's nothing special about it. It might be 32-bit Windows, it might be 64-bit, but it's just running Windows.
And that is a regular, good ol' laptop. (upbeat music) Wow, look at this beast! This is a desktop replacement. Not only does it weigh probably a solid, oh I don't know, 12 pounds, a desktop replacement is gonna boast a really big screen, usually in the area of up to 21 inches. A desktop replacement's gonna have tons of RAM. It could have four, eight, 16 gigabytes of RAM in it. It's gonna be running the highest Windows possible.
It's always gonna be 64-bit. Full sized keyboard. Big, two hard drives a lot of times, usually two sets of optical media. This is the no compromise type of system for someone who wants to bring everything with them. This is a desktop replacement. (upbeat music) This little fella right here is a netbook. Netbooks are distinct from other types of laptops in that A) a lot of times they don't run a typical Intel or AMD CPU.
A lot of times they'll run an Intel Atom, A-T-O-M, type processor. These are 32-bit processors, they run great, there's nothing wrong with them. They usually have very small amounts of RAM. In a lot of cases they don't even have hard drives, they'll just use SD cards, or solid state drives for their storage needs. The other thing to keep in mind is that they tend to run very low end versions of Windows, like Windows starter and stuff like that. Oh, and by the way, for the A exams? Make sure you know low end version of Windows, but in reality, a lot of these guys run Linux.
(upbeat music) This beautiful little beastie right here is an ultrabook. Okay, well, actually I'm lying. If you take a look, see the Mac logo? This is an Apple computer, but this guy, the Macbook Air, look how beautiful and skinny he is. He was the inspiration for a series of Windows based laptops known as ultrabooks. Ultrabooks are distinctive in a number of ways that share with this guy right here. First of all, they're extremely thin and extremely light.
By definition, all of their storage is gonna be solid state. They lack optical media, but they're gonna have plenty of RAM, a big screen, and a nice CPU to back it all up with. So, what it sacrifices in storage, it makes up for in big screens, nice firepower, and lots of RAM. (upbeat music) Now, this is a tablet PC. Now, you need to be careful here, because a lot of times when we hear tablets, we're thinking of things like this fellow right here.
This is different. This is used as more of a mobile device, and we have episodes on mobile devices about this guy. But when we're talking about tablet PCs, we're covering a very specific objective on the CompTIA A exams that talks about this type of fella. In particular, these actually predate what we call tablets now. And they're distinct in that in some way, they can be treated as a tablet without a big keyboard. The important thing to distinguish these, is that these will always use a stylus.
Now, this guy's running just a regular version of Windows 7, but the big difference here is that Windows 7 has a lot of features that make a tablet PC aware. So what I wanna do is take a minute, and let's take a look at some of the Windows 7 tablet features. Alright, now, what I have here is a Windows 7 system, and this is a real tablet PC. Now, when you have a real tablet PC, you get some control panel options that you wouldn't normally see.
In particular, here do you see where it says Pen and Touch? Now, this is one of these few times where A cares about the difference between Vista and 7. In Windows 7 it's called Pen and Touch, in Windows Vista it's called Pen and Input Devices. But it still works the same way, either way. So, that is similar settings, and then the other one that's added with Windows 7 is Tablet PC Settings. So, I'm gonna hit that one first. Now, if we take a look at this, there are a lot of settings that we can do in here. The big thing we wanna do, more than anything else, is go through the process of calibration.
Keep in mind that we're using a stylus. So, we're gonna select pen input. And it's gonna bring up this calibration screen. Anytime you're using a pen, and it doesn't seem to be hitting where it's supposed to be, you have to go through this calibration process. It's a little bit slow, but it's what we need to do to make sure that whenever we put our pen down on the screen it's hitting where we really want it to hit.
Alright, so that's calibration. Now, this is the keyboard that comes up. I'm gonna close that for right now. So, you can do a lot of different things. For example, if we wanna configure a screen for pen input or touch input, now in this case I only have one screen so it's kinda silly, but I would select pen, and I would go, is this the one you want me to do it on? I would literally just hit it anywhere with my pen, and it says okay fine. Alright, so, that's really all we have to do in terms of Tablet PC settings.
Now, under Pen and Touch, this is really more a matter of how do you want the pen to act when you're using it? So, if I single tap my pen onto something, that's the same as a single click. Double tab, double click. Press and hold, is a right click, and you can configure all this stuff. You can also do some fun things. For example, you can use flicks, So you can have scrolling and stuff like that can be handled just by flicking the stylus any direction you might want.
It can handle automated handwriting recognition so it has basically optical character recognition. Then, these are touch features. In this case, what they're talking about, you're not using the stylus. You're actually using your fingers to do stuff. What's interesting is that it's not multi-touch. So, those of us who have played with a lot of Macintosh products or late generation tablet systems like to be able to do multiple touch, at least the versions of Windows tablet that are on the A exam don't have that feature.
In a world where iPads and tablet computing is so popular today, it's funny to think about tablet PCs as being that popular. Well, you should think that way. They're extremely popular, in areas for example, medical and transportation. These are incredibly common. And the stylus isn't going anywhere anytime soon. The only other thing to remember is that most of the configuration options you saw in Control Panel there, will only show up if you actually install on a tablet PC. If you fire up your regular desktop system and look for those settings, they probably won't be there.
Need to have a tablet to be able to see them all. (upbeat music)
The CompTIA A+ 220-901 exam is comprised of six key parts. The sixth, laptops and mobile devices, is covered by this course. Instructor Mike Meyers gives a tour of laptop devices and shows how to expand, configure, manage, and disassemble laptop components. He also reviews mobile device options and how to work with mobile connections.
Note: The six courses designed for the CompTIA A+ (220-901) exam preparation include core processing, core hardware, peripherals and building a PC, displays and printers, networking, and laptops and mobile devices.
We are now a CompTIA Content Publishing Partner. As such, we are able to offer CompTIA exam vouchers at a 10% discount. For more information on how to obtain this discount, please download these PDF instructions.
- Selecting a laptop type
- Expanding a laptop
- Working with laptop ports
- Disassembling a laptop
- Troubleshooting laptop issues
- Managing mobile devices and connections