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Work with image captions Build Wordpress Themes

Images are an important part of a website, and WordPress has robust support for adding and aligning … Show More

WordPress: Building Themes from Scratch Using Underscores

with Morten Rand-Hendriksen

Video: Work with image captions Build Wordpress Themes

Images are an important part of a website, and WordPress has robust support for adding and aligning images in your posts. While the Underscores theme handles some of this by default, you may want to alter this default functionality when building your WordPress theme. This lesson reviews working with image captions and how to style them using the style.css file.
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  1. 10m 55s
    1. Welcome
      1m 4s
    2. What to know before you start this course
      2m 40s
    3. How this course and the lesson files work
      3m 12s
    4. Introducing Simone: A preview of the final project
      3m 59s
  2. 21m 28s
    1. Installing and running WordPress on your computer
      3m 53s
    2. Getting and installing Underscores
      4m 11s
    3. Installing WordPress Theme Unit Test data
      4m 18s
    4. Installing the Developer plugin
      2m 58s
    5. Installing and setting up NetBeans or another IDE
      6m 8s
  3. 16m 15s
    1. Designing for mobile, content, and style
      4m 52s
    2. How do WordPress themes work?
      4m 48s
    3. Understanding the WordPress template hierarchy
      2m 19s
    4. Underscores: An overview
      4m 16s
  4. 37m 5s
    1. Setting up style.css
      4m 47s
    2. Configuring baseline settings and functions
      6m 6s
    3. Enabling custom fonts and font icons
      5m 44s
    4. Applying global styles
      5m 11s
    5. Styling basic layout components
      6m 19s
    6. Making the site layout responsive
      8m 58s
  5. 23m 18s
    1. Styling the default header
      6m 25s
    2. Hiding the site title and tagline
      5m 32s
    3. Adding an optional header image function
      5m 23s
    4. Placing the header image behind the site title
      5m 58s
  6. 40m 55s
    1. Setting up menus
      3m 12s
    2. Styling the menu
      7m 42s
    3. Using Superfish for accessible menus
      8m 0s
    4. Making the menu responsive
      7m 3s
    5. Creating a custom social media menu
      5m 51s
    6. Styling the menu with icons from Font Awesome
      9m 7s
  7. 18m 9s
    1. Adding the search form
      6m 27s
    2. Adding the search icon
      6m 55s
    3. Adding show/hide functionality to the search form with jQuery
      4m 47s
  8. 33m 20s
    1. Adding a widgetized area to the footer
      7m 10s
    2. Using the Monster widget plugin to test all widgets
      2m 11s
    3. Styling the footer
      3m 6s
    4. General widget styling
      5m 33s
    5. Adding custom styles to specific widgets
      7m 34s
    6. Using Masonry to make footer widgets responsive
      7m 46s
  9. 54m 49s
    1. Changing the Single Post Template content structure
      5m 54s
    2. Changing the output of meta elements
      7m 2s
    3. Styling the Single Post Template
      7m 57s
    4. Making post meta responsive
      6m 21s
    5. Styling blockquotes
      5m 39s
    6. Creating pull quotes and pull images
      5m 1s
    7. Working with image captions
      4m 27s
    8. Working with image galleries
      4m 57s
    9. Single-post navigation
      7m 31s
  10. 30m 23s
    1. Working with the comments template
      8m 42s
    2. Using Gravatars in comments
      2m 42s
    3. Styling comments
      7m 26s
    4. Highlighting post author comments
      3m 36s
    5. Styling the comment form and messages
      7m 57s
  11. 18m 43s
    1. How do featured images (post thumbnails) work?
      2m 57s
    2. Defining featured image sizes
      3m 30s
    3. Generating new featured images with a plugin
      1m 46s
    4. Adding featured images to a template
      5m 7s
    5. Styling the featured image
      5m 23s
  12. 1h 2m
    1. The index template hierarchy
      2m 21s
    2. Customizing and styling index templates
      10m 10s
    3. Displaying excerpts or full content on index pages
      3m 6s
    4. Adding a custom Read More link
      3m 48s
    5. Adding featured images
      4m 0s
    6. Creating custom pagination navigation
      6m 4s
    7. Highlighting Sticky Posts
      2m 55s
    8. Creating custom post format templates
      5m 30s
    9. Highlighting the most recent post in the index template
      7m 22s
    10. Embracing modular design
      2m 29s
    11. Working with archive.php
      5m 54s
    12. Customizing the search results and the 404 template
      8m 28s
  13. 9m 7s
    1. Styling pages
      3m 4s
    2. Creating custom page templates
      6m 3s
  14. 4m 30s
    1. Adding editor styles to match front-end styles
      4m 30s
  15. 2m 20s
    1. Further learning
      2m 20s

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Working with image captions
Video Duration: 4m 27s 6h 23m Advanced


Images are an important part of a website, and WordPress has robust support for adding and aligning images in your posts. While the Underscores theme handles some of this by default, you may want to alter this default functionality when building your WordPress theme. This lesson reviews working with image captions and how to style them using the style.css file.

View Course Description

Ready for your next WordPress challenge? Learn how to build more complex custom themes using the _s (aka Underscores) starter theme. Morten Rand-Hendriksen takes you from basic layout and customization to enabling advanced responsive design and accessibility features. He reinforces the basics lessons with DRY (don't repeat yourself) development practices and a structured approach that will help you build WordPress themes that meet modern standards. Plus, he'll explore core concepts like understanding the WordPress template hierarchy, creating functions, adding custom JavaScript, applying styles, and more.

Topics include:
  • Installing WordPress, Underscores, plugins, and NetBeans
  • Designing for mobile, content, and style
  • Setting up the basic theme
  • Building a custom header
  • Designing responsive, accessible menus
  • Adding a custom search form
  • Using and styling widgets
  • Adjusting the Single Post Template
  • Working with comments, featured images, index templates, and static pages
  • Adding editor styles to match front-end styles
WordPress underscores

Working with image captions

Images are an important part of what makes WordPress so great. If you go check out the markup image alignment post inside the theme unit test data, you'll see examples of how you can add images in different ways inside a WordPress theme and you'll see just why. Images in Word Press are so fun to work with because out of the box, Word Press allows you to add images anywhere you want in your content and enables you to align the images in the way that you want and also add captions to the images and you can even add image galleries.

When you look at this post, you'll realize that underscores actually does pretty much all the work for you, right out of the box. The image alignments were great. Here we have a central line image, we have the left aligned image, which we also messed with a little bit in the previous movie. We used to have a no alignment image down here but then I changed it to a left-aligned image, and we have a right-aligned image. But if you scroll further down, you also get another type of image and these are the images that have captions on them. And you see that underscores styles the captions for the images in a very plain way.

An image with a caption has a box around it and then the caption appears below the image in the middle. Here you see I have a captioned imaged, and then when you scroll down, you have another one. And this is when you start seeing that there's an issue with the boxed captioning because this captioning is using percentage widths. So you see that, although the captioning box looks great on this large image, it looks really strange on the smaller one, and you'll also see that the caption text spans all the way to the edge. We need to do some work.

Now, if you're used to working with WordPress or you've tried to experiment with the captioning for images previously, you may have been really frustrated because it was impossibly to get rid of this border around here unless you went in and made big changes to the overall code and created a custom function. Well that's no longer the case, as of WordPress 3.9, the captioning no longer has that forced padding around it. So you don't have to deal with that any more. You can simply go in and style captioning just like you would with any other element.

If we go to the style.css file and search for caption. You'll find the section where we have the captioning. And here we have the default caption styling that comes with underscores. So we have a border around the image with a caption on it. And then you see that the max width of the image is set to 98% of the border, so the image is basically squished in to make room for that border around and this also that percentage width that causes the problem I was talking about. What I want to do instead is I want the captioning to be flushed with the width of the image and I want it to be a dark bar that just appears underneath the image because that's a design I like.

I want to specifically show you this so that you get the idea that this is something you can do because it was previously almost impossible. If you go to the code snippets for this movie, you'll see here I have redefined some of the rules that apply to captioning. I've basically stripped off the border that goes around the images, and also removed that variable margin around the images and I've added a new style down here, called .WP caption. WP caption text that has a dark background, sets the font family to Lato and also adds some padding so we never have a situation where the texts spans all the way to the edges.

So now I'm going to copy out this stack of styles here and I'll replace .WP caption text all the way up to just WP caption. So what we're doing here is making some very subtle changes to the existing styling, mainly down here in WP caption text. I can save this now and go back to my browser and when I reload, you'll see we now have a completely different style of captioning for our images. The captioning spans to full width of the image, but there is no border around it and it has a subtle gray background and then we have a text in a different color.

And this is something that from a design perspective, I think is really important. If you're going to add captioning, it needs to be visually different from the rest of the content on the page, and that's exactly what we've done here. So now that you've seen how easy it is to work with the captioning, and you've seen that you can now make these full bleed, edge to edge captions that don't require borders around, I want you to experiment with the captioning of the images and see what happens when you make changes to the styles I provided to you.

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