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Using Masonry to make footer widgets responsive

From: WordPress: Building Themes from Scratch Using Underscores

Video: Using Masonry to make footer widgets responsive

If you look at your theme right now, you'll see that To do that, we're going to create a new JavaScript setting And these settings look pretty much the same as So here I'm going to scroll down to my on queue section, And looking at the onCue function, you'll And when I now go and reload my page, you'll see Scroll down to my footer and I'll resize it and see when I get to that point.

Using Masonry to make footer widgets responsive

If you look at your theme right now, you'll see that when you resize your window, your sidebar is nice and responsive. When there's room for it, it appears on the right-hand side, and when there is no room for it, it drops down below the content and displays in the same width as the content, and it's fully responsive, regardless of what size of screen you're using. But if you scroll down to the footer, you'll see the situation is a little bit different because, in the footer, we wanted to stack all our items next to one another so that we fill out the whole space. And you'll remember previously we set a fixed width to each of our footer widgets.

The problem is, when we're on a screen, like we are right now, that leaves a lot of space on the side, but more importantly, these widgets don't float up to fill up the empty space next to one another. So here we have large areas of just empty space between the widgets before we get to the next one. This is a common CSS problem and it has to do with how floated elements interact with each other. Basically, an element will clear a line and then say, any new element needs to appear below me, and that's why you get these large empty spaces. So I want to use a JavaScript to fix this problem, and that JavaScript is called Masonry and is designed specifically to deal with this kind of situation.

And Masonry is commonly used on sites that have indexes, so you'll see it on a site like Pinterest, and it's a very popular way of doing layouts, but I just want to use it in my footer to handle the widgets specifically. The great thing is Masonry actually comes with WordPress. So all we have to do is tell WordPress, hey, we want to use Masonry, and then tell Masonry what we want it to do. So to start off, we have to figure out what we're targeting. So I'll go to the sidebarfooter.php template, and here we see we have the footer, and here you see we have our dynamic sidebar, and the sidebar is wrapped inside a div with the ID for our widgets.

So what we want to do is tell Masonry, find the footer widgets ID and then restack all the items within the footer widget's ID that has the class widget because, as you remember, all our widgets have the class widget. To do that, we're going to create a new JavaScript setting file within the JS folder, so here I'll create a new file, and again, you don't have to create a new file, but I do it because then it's easy to understand. And I'll call it Masonry Settings, and within this file, I now need to create the settings for Masonry.

So if you go to the cold snippets, see here we have the settings for Masonry, so I'll copy them out and paste them in. And these settings look pretty much the same as the settings for my other JavaScripts that we've written previously. Here we have a jQuery function and what it does is it finds the footer widget ID, and then it applies Masonry to any item that has the class Widget. And it also sets the column width, so the full width of each column that it's going to be managing, to 400 pixels.

Now I can save Masonry Settings, and then I need to unqueue it in functions.php. So here I'm going to scroll down to my on queue section, which is here, and then I'll go back to my code snippets. And here I've prepared the on queue function for you. So I've copied that out and I'll place it at the bottom here under Skip Link. And looking at the onCue function, you'll see here we have the handle simone-masonry. We point at masonry-settings.js, and then we set the dependency to Masonry, because like I said, Masonry is already in WordPress.

So we're telling WordPress, I want to use Masonry with this function. So now I can save functions.php, which on queues the masonarysettings.js file. And when I now go and reload my page, you'll see this is what it looked like before, lots of empty space. So I'll scroll up here and now when I just reload the page, Masonry kicks in and re-organizes my content. However, this is not the complete solution because this is not all that responsive. I know Masonry is responsive, but it's actually not all that responsive, and I'll show you what I mean.

If I resize my screen now, you'll see as long as there's room, Masonry will kick in and organize my content. So here it looks fine, but then I get to a certain point, my widgets are just in one column, and they look kind of weird because they're kind of small compared to the width of the screen, and when I get further down, they just keep getting smaller and smaller. So what I want to do to make this more responsive is I want to toggle Masonry on and off just like I did with Super Fish in the Main Menu at a certain point.

So first I'm going to find that break point. So I'll go to my developer tools and I'll resize my screen here and I'll figure out roughly where I want my break point to happen. And I'm going to target this area here where our layout changes. So when our layout changes to one column, I want Masonry to turn off and then I want to span the content to be full width so that the footer matches our sidebar widgets. So to do that, we need to change our Masonry settings.

So, instead of this simple function that simply activates Masonry, I have to make a much more complicated function that also takes into consideration the width of the document. So here I'll copy out this longer function, go back to Masonry Settings, and replace the original function with this new one, and all this function does is attracts the width of the document, so it says, the document is bigger than 879 pixels, then run Masonry and then we have the definition for Masonry down here. If, on the other hand, the document is smaller than 879 pixels, then we turn Masonry off by destroying it.

So that way Masonry will only kick in when we want it to and will turn off when we get to a smaller screen. Now I can go back and test that, so I'll reload my page, and then I'll resize it. Scroll down to my footer and I'll resize it and see when I get to that point. So here we have, we're at 920 and masonry's working, and then when I scale down to 879, you see, Masonry stopped working. And now our widgets are jamming to the left-hand side and are no longer being affected by Masonry.

So now that Masonry's not working for those widths below 879 pixels, we also have to add new CSS that affects the widgets to make them full width in those scenarios. So here I have a simple media query just for the footer-widgets to make them responsive when the screen is less than 879 pixels wide, so I'll copy that out and paste it into style.css. Here I'll find style.css and I'll search for footer-widgets. And then I'll paste it at the bottom of the footer widgets, and here you see this media query just says, when the screen has a max width of 879 pixels, then set the footer widgets to 100%, and display, and take away the flow, so they don't keep trying to stack next to one another.

Now, I can go and reload my page a final time. And when I scroll down to the bottom and resize my window, you'll see that when the screen is smaller than 870 pixels. The widgets span across the entire width of the screen. When I span it up so that it's wider than 879 pixels, then Masonry kicks in and manages my widgets. So now we have a fully responsive footer that on wide screens uses Masonry to utilize all the space, and on narrow screens, uses a media query to make sure that the footer widgets display in a nice manner on smaller screens.

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This video is part of

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  1. 10m 55s
    1. Welcome
      1m 4s
    2. What to know before you start this course
      2m 40s
    3. How this course and the lesson files work
      3m 12s
    4. Introducing Simone: A preview of the final project
      3m 59s
  2. 21m 28s
    1. Installing and running WordPress on your computer
      3m 53s
    2. Getting and installing Underscores
      4m 11s
    3. Installing WordPress Theme Unit Test data
      4m 18s
    4. Installing the Developer plugin
      2m 58s
    5. Installing and setting up NetBeans or another IDE
      6m 8s
  3. 16m 15s
    1. Designing for mobile, content, and style
      4m 52s
    2. How do WordPress themes work?
      4m 48s
    3. Understanding the WordPress template hierarchy
      2m 19s
    4. Underscores: An overview
      4m 16s
  4. 37m 5s
    1. Setting up style.css
      4m 47s
    2. Configuring baseline settings and functions
      6m 6s
    3. Enabling custom fonts and font icons
      5m 44s
    4. Applying global styles
      5m 11s
    5. Styling basic layout components
      6m 19s
    6. Making the site layout responsive
      8m 58s
  5. 23m 18s
    1. Styling the default header
      6m 25s
    2. Hiding the site title and tagline
      5m 32s
    3. Adding an optional header image function
      5m 23s
    4. Placing the header image behind the site title
      5m 58s
  6. 40m 55s
    1. Setting up menus
      3m 12s
    2. Styling the menu
      7m 42s
    3. Using Superfish for accessible menus
      8m 0s
    4. Making the menu responsive
      7m 3s
    5. Creating a custom social media menu
      5m 51s
    6. Styling the menu with icons from Font Awesome
      9m 7s
  7. 18m 9s
    1. Adding the search form
      6m 27s
    2. Adding the search icon
      6m 55s
    3. Adding show/hide functionality to the search form with jQuery
      4m 47s
  8. 33m 20s
    1. Adding a widgetized area to the footer
      7m 10s
    2. Using the Monster widget plugin to test all widgets
      2m 11s
    3. Styling the footer
      3m 6s
    4. General widget styling
      5m 33s
    5. Adding custom styles to specific widgets
      7m 34s
    6. Using Masonry to make footer widgets responsive
      7m 46s
  9. 54m 49s
    1. Changing the Single Post Template content structure
      5m 54s
    2. Changing the output of meta elements
      7m 2s
    3. Styling the Single Post Template
      7m 57s
    4. Making post meta responsive
      6m 21s
    5. Styling blockquotes
      5m 39s
    6. Creating pull quotes and pull images
      5m 1s
    7. Working with image captions
      4m 27s
    8. Working with image galleries
      4m 57s
    9. Single-post navigation
      7m 31s
  10. 30m 23s
    1. Working with the comments template
      8m 42s
    2. Using Gravatars in comments
      2m 42s
    3. Styling comments
      7m 26s
    4. Highlighting post author comments
      3m 36s
    5. Styling the comment form and messages
      7m 57s
  11. 18m 43s
    1. How do featured images (post thumbnails) work?
      2m 57s
    2. Defining featured image sizes
      3m 30s
    3. Generating new featured images with a plugin
      1m 46s
    4. Adding featured images to a template
      5m 7s
    5. Styling the featured image
      5m 23s
  12. 1h 2m
    1. The index template hierarchy
      2m 21s
    2. Customizing and styling index templates
      10m 10s
    3. Displaying excerpts or full content on index pages
      3m 6s
    4. Adding a custom Read More link
      3m 48s
    5. Adding featured images
      4m 0s
    6. Creating custom pagination navigation
      6m 4s
    7. Highlighting Sticky Posts
      2m 55s
    8. Creating custom post format templates
      5m 30s
    9. Highlighting the most recent post in the index template
      7m 22s
    10. Embracing modular design
      2m 29s
    11. Working with archive.php
      5m 54s
    12. Customizing the search results and the 404 template
      8m 28s
  13. 9m 7s
    1. Styling pages
      3m 4s
    2. Creating custom page templates
      6m 3s
  14. 4m 30s
    1. Adding editor styles to match front-end styles
      4m 30s
  15. 2m 20s
    1. Further learning
      2m 20s

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