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Now that we have, a responsive layout in place, I like to start at the top, and work my way down. That means getting the header, to match my design. In WordPress themes, the header is controlled by the header.php template, and it typically contains, three main elements. The site title, the site tagline or site description, and, the main menu. In addition, many themes have the option of adding a header image, and our theme, will have that option. Now if you look at the original design, you'll see that on smaller screens the header, has a bold background color and then, a site title and tagline.
And on larger screens the site title and tagline is contained, within a box. And this box is there for a reason, because, I want the option of, adding a header image behind the site title and tagline. But to avoid the text blending in with that header image, we need to add, some sort of transparent color, behind the site title and tagline in those cases, and that color will be added into this box. To start the process of, getting our header to match our design, we're going to first focus on the site title and tagline here. And, to make that happen we need to understand the mark up, of the header.
So let's take a look at header.php. So open header.php in NetBeans here, and, if you're familiar with HTML, you'll see this, starts off with the standard stuff you would expect from, the header of an HTML page. Here you have, the head section, and within the head section you have a function called WP Head, which is what the, enqueued scripts hook onto, so this is where all your scripts and styles would appear. But what we're looking for is the actual header, of the markup and it's contained within, a header with the class site header, and within that header tag we have two elements.
We have div with the class site branding, and then we also have a nav which is the main navigation. So what we're going to focus on right now, is this site branding div and site title and site description. So what we're going to do, is apply styles to these sections so that our header, matches our design. To do that I'm, I have to open, style.css. And, here you'll see that, out of the box underscore's has a really great table of contents, but now we to kind of have to break it because we have to add new elements. So I'm going to add the header section after Clearings.
So I'll use the search function, within NetBeans. So I'll just search for, 8.0 and click Next. It'll take me down to Clearings and here I'm going to go past Clearings to Widgets and I'll copy out this comment here, and add a new one and then call it, X.X because I don't know yet, header. And then I need to add in, the styles for, the container and the title and the tagline. This is when you can go to your code snippets and I have all this code prepared.
So, here I'm going to copy out, site branding, site title and site description. And I'll paste it in, and then explain what's going on. The site branding, which is the container that holds the site title and description. We've set a, padding on it and text a line to center and then given it a background color. This is a blue background instead of the red, because I found the red to be a little too intense. For the site title, I've matched the, sizing to the sizing in my design. So here we have a font weight of 700, I have a font size of 40 pixels or, 4.5 rems.
I have a, text transform of upper case and then, a line height of normal and a padding on the bottom to give some space between the title, and the description. For the description I have a font weight of 100, I have a font size of 20 and a font of size of two rems. So now I'm going to save the style sheet, go back to my site and reload it, and you'll see a dramatic difference. You'll also notice that this doesn't match my design exactly, that's because, I design in the browser, so what I saw when I was working with the header, was that the overall design that I had didn't work all that well so I changed the title, and tagline fonts.
But you also see that my title and tagline are black right now, so I need to change that. If you go back to the cold snippets, you'll see here, we have site title A and, site description with colors. So I'm going to copy that out, and paste it in. This is so that I can use one, style declaration for the color instead of repeating the color twice, onto two elements. I can save that, and reload the page. And now my title and description are white. The next thing I need to do is, add that box that goes around this title and description.
Now, to do that, I have to add another divider, because, you saw that I'm using the, site branding to, format this entire field, so I need to add a new box in here. So I'll go back to, header.php. And here, within site branding, I'll add a new divider, with a class, title box. And then I'll end my divider, after the H2 and save it. Then I have to go back to Styles, and I have to add the styles for, this box.
So I go to my code snippets again, and here we have the style for the box. So copy that out, and paste it in, above site title. And you'll see this box, it defines, max width and a normal width. And then it gives some paddings, that there is some space between the, text and the box, and sets a border. So when I save that, and, reload the page in my browser, you'll see now, my heading has a nice box around it. Last but not least we have to make sure that this actually works, in a responsive environment.
because right now, if I resize my window, you'll see that the box, starts to act funny, when it gets to smaller screens. So here I need to add a simple media query. So the media query is also in here. Right here. It's called header responsive, and when I paste it in, you'll see the way this media query works is, it changes the behavior of the site branding box, by making away the padding, and it also changes the behavior of the title box by making it 100% wide, and have no margin at the top and the bottom, on screens lower than 600 pixels wide.
So now, I'm going to go back and reload my page one more time, and scale it down, to 600 pixels. You'll see, the boxes appears, and now the title and tagline are the only things you see in the header. And that's it. Now the top part of the header, matches our design.
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