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Style the default header Build Wordpress Themes


WordPress: Building Themes from Scratch Using Underscores

with Morten Rand-Hendriksen

Video: Style the default header Build Wordpress Themes

Styling the default header provides you with in-depth training on Web. Taught by Morten Rand-Hendriksen as part of the WordPress: Building Themes from Scratch Using Underscores
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  1. 10m 55s
    1. Welcome
      1m 4s
    2. What to know before you start this course
      2m 40s
    3. How this course and the lesson files work
      3m 12s
    4. Introducing Simone: A preview of the final project
      3m 59s
  2. 21m 28s
    1. Installing and running WordPress on your computer
      3m 53s
    2. Getting and installing Underscores
      4m 11s
    3. Installing WordPress Theme Unit Test data
      4m 18s
    4. Installing the Developer plugin
      2m 58s
    5. Installing and setting up NetBeans or another IDE
      6m 8s
  3. 16m 15s
    1. Designing for mobile, content, and style
      4m 52s
    2. How do WordPress themes work?
      4m 48s
    3. Understanding the WordPress template hierarchy
      2m 19s
    4. Underscores: An overview
      4m 16s
  4. 37m 5s
    1. Setting up style.css
      4m 47s
    2. Configuring baseline settings and functions
      6m 6s
    3. Enabling custom fonts and font icons
      5m 44s
    4. Applying global styles
      5m 11s
    5. Styling basic layout components
      6m 19s
    6. Making the site layout responsive
      8m 58s
  5. 23m 18s
    1. Styling the default header
      6m 25s
    2. Hiding the site title and tagline
      5m 32s
    3. Adding an optional header image function
      5m 23s
    4. Placing the header image behind the site title
      5m 58s
  6. 40m 55s
    1. Setting up menus
      3m 12s
    2. Styling the menu
      7m 42s
    3. Using Superfish for accessible menus
      8m 0s
    4. Making the menu responsive
      7m 3s
    5. Creating a custom social media menu
      5m 51s
    6. Styling the menu with icons from Font Awesome
      9m 7s
  7. 18m 9s
    1. Adding the search form
      6m 27s
    2. Adding the search icon
      6m 55s
    3. Adding show/hide functionality to the search form with jQuery
      4m 47s
  8. 33m 20s
    1. Adding a widgetized area to the footer
      7m 10s
    2. Using the Monster widget plugin to test all widgets
      2m 11s
    3. Styling the footer
      3m 6s
    4. General widget styling
      5m 33s
    5. Adding custom styles to specific widgets
      7m 34s
    6. Using Masonry to make footer widgets responsive
      7m 46s
  9. 54m 49s
    1. Changing the Single Post Template content structure
      5m 54s
    2. Changing the output of meta elements
      7m 2s
    3. Styling the Single Post Template
      7m 57s
    4. Making post meta responsive
      6m 21s
    5. Styling blockquotes
      5m 39s
    6. Creating pull quotes and pull images
      5m 1s
    7. Working with image captions
      4m 27s
    8. Working with image galleries
      4m 57s
    9. Single-post navigation
      7m 31s
  10. 30m 23s
    1. Working with the comments template
      8m 42s
    2. Using Gravatars in comments
      2m 42s
    3. Styling comments
      7m 26s
    4. Highlighting post author comments
      3m 36s
    5. Styling the comment form and messages
      7m 57s
  11. 18m 43s
    1. How do featured images (post thumbnails) work?
      2m 57s
    2. Defining featured image sizes
      3m 30s
    3. Generating new featured images with a plugin
      1m 46s
    4. Adding featured images to a template
      5m 7s
    5. Styling the featured image
      5m 23s
  12. 1h 2m
    1. The index template hierarchy
      2m 21s
    2. Customizing and styling index templates
      10m 10s
    3. Displaying excerpts or full content on index pages
      3m 6s
    4. Adding a custom Read More link
      3m 48s
    5. Adding featured images
      4m 0s
    6. Creating custom pagination navigation
      6m 4s
    7. Highlighting Sticky Posts
      2m 55s
    8. Creating custom post format templates
      5m 30s
    9. Highlighting the most recent post in the index template
      7m 22s
    10. Embracing modular design
      2m 29s
    11. Working with archive.php
      5m 54s
    12. Customizing the search results and the 404 template
      8m 28s
  13. 9m 7s
    1. Styling pages
      3m 4s
    2. Creating custom page templates
      6m 3s
  14. 4m 30s
    1. Adding editor styles to match front-end styles
      4m 30s
  15. 2m 20s
    1. Further learning
      2m 20s

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Styling the default header
Video Duration: 6m 25s6h 23m Advanced Jun 11, 2014

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Styling the default header provides you with in-depth training on Web. Taught by Morten Rand-Hendriksen as part of the WordPress: Building Themes from Scratch Using Underscores

View Course Description

Ready for your next WordPress challenge? Learn how to build more complex custom themes using the _s (aka Underscores) starter theme. Morten Rand-Hendriksen takes you from basic layout and customization to enabling advanced responsive design and accessibility features. He reinforces the basics lessons with DRY (don't repeat yourself) development practices and a structured approach that will help you build WordPress themes that meet modern standards. Plus, he'll explore core concepts like understanding the WordPress template hierarchy, creating functions, adding custom JavaScript, applying styles, and more.

Topics include:
  • Installing WordPress, Underscores, plugins, and NetBeans
  • Designing for mobile, content, and style
  • Setting up the basic theme
  • Building a custom header
  • Designing responsive, accessible menus
  • Adding a custom search form
  • Using and styling widgets
  • Adjusting the Single Post Template
  • Working with comments, featured images, index templates, and static pages
  • Adding editor styles to match front-end styles
WordPress underscores
Morten Rand-Hendriksen

Styling the default header

Now that we have, a responsive layout in place, I like to start at the top, and work my way down. That means getting the header, to match my design. In WordPress themes, the header is controlled by the header.php template, and it typically contains, three main elements. The site title, the site tagline or site description, and, the main menu. In addition, many themes have the option of adding a header image, and our theme, will have that option. Now if you look at the original design, you'll see that on smaller screens the header, has a bold background color and then, a site title and tagline.

And on larger screens the site title and tagline is contained, within a box. And this box is there for a reason, because, I want the option of, adding a header image behind the site title and tagline. But to avoid the text blending in with that header image, we need to add, some sort of transparent color, behind the site title and tagline in those cases, and that color will be added into this box. To start the process of, getting our header to match our design, we're going to first focus on the site title and tagline here. And, to make that happen we need to understand the mark up, of the header.

So let's take a look at header.php. So open header.php in NetBeans here, and, if you're familiar with HTML, you'll see this, starts off with the standard stuff you would expect from, the header of an HTML page. Here you have, the head section, and within the head section you have a function called WP Head, which is what the, enqueued scripts hook onto, so this is where all your scripts and styles would appear. But what we're looking for is the actual header, of the markup and it's contained within, a header with the class site header, and within that header tag we have two elements.

We have div with the class site branding, and then we also have a nav which is the main navigation. So what we're going to focus on right now, is this site branding div and site title and site description. So what we're going to do, is apply styles to these sections so that our header, matches our design. To do that I'm, I have to open, style.css. And, here you'll see that, out of the box underscore's has a really great table of contents, but now we to kind of have to break it because we have to add new elements. So I'm going to add the header section after Clearings.

So I'll use the search function, within NetBeans. So I'll just search for, 8.0 and click Next. It'll take me down to Clearings and here I'm going to go past Clearings to Widgets and I'll copy out this comment here, and add a new one and then call it, X.X because I don't know yet, header. And then I need to add in, the styles for, the container and the title and the tagline. This is when you can go to your code snippets and I have all this code prepared.

So, here I'm going to copy out, site branding, site title and site description. And I'll paste it in, and then explain what's going on. The site branding, which is the container that holds the site title and description. We've set a, padding on it and text a line to center and then given it a background color. This is a blue background instead of the red, because I found the red to be a little too intense. For the site title, I've matched the, sizing to the sizing in my design. So here we have a font weight of 700, I have a font size of 40 pixels or, 4.5 rems.

I have a, text transform of upper case and then, a line height of normal and a padding on the bottom to give some space between the title, and the description. For the description I have a font weight of 100, I have a font size of 20 and a font of size of two rems. So now I'm going to save the style sheet, go back to my site and reload it, and you'll see a dramatic difference. You'll also notice that this doesn't match my design exactly, that's because, I design in the browser, so what I saw when I was working with the header, was that the overall design that I had didn't work all that well so I changed the title, and tagline fonts.

But you also see that my title and tagline are black right now, so I need to change that. If you go back to the cold snippets, you'll see here, we have site title A and, site description with colors. So I'm going to copy that out, and paste it in. This is so that I can use one, style declaration for the color instead of repeating the color twice, onto two elements. I can save that, and reload the page. And now my title and description are white. The next thing I need to do is, add that box that goes around this title and description.

Now, to do that, I have to add another divider, because, you saw that I'm using the, site branding to, format this entire field, so I need to add a new box in here. So I'll go back to, header.php. And here, within site branding, I'll add a new divider, with a class, title box. And then I'll end my divider, after the H2 and save it. Then I have to go back to Styles, and I have to add the styles for, this box.

So I go to my code snippets again, and here we have the style for the box. So copy that out, and paste it in, above site title. And you'll see this box, it defines, max width and a normal width. And then it gives some paddings, that there is some space between the, text and the box, and sets a border. So when I save that, and, reload the page in my browser, you'll see now, my heading has a nice box around it. Last but not least we have to make sure that this actually works, in a responsive environment.

because right now, if I resize my window, you'll see that the box, starts to act funny, when it gets to smaller screens. So here I need to add a simple media query. So the media query is also in here. Right here. It's called header responsive, and when I paste it in, you'll see the way this media query works is, it changes the behavior of the site branding box, by making away the padding, and it also changes the behavior of the title box by making it 100% wide, and have no margin at the top and the bottom, on screens lower than 600 pixels wide.

So now, I'm going to go back and reload my page one more time, and scale it down, to 600 pixels. You'll see, the boxes appears, and now the title and tagline are the only things you see in the header. And that's it. Now the top part of the header, matches our design.

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