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Styling comments

From: WordPress: Building Themes from Scratch Using Underscores

Video: Styling comments

Now that the comments structure and markup matches what Here it's important to remember what I said earlier Before we start applying styles, we need And now I'll get to work on the comments themself.

Styling comments

Now that the comments structure and markup matches what we need, and our Gravatar are the correct size. It's time to start applying styles to make our comments match her design. Here it's important to remember what I said earlier on in the course, that when you design something in Photoshop try to just design the overall look and then you can make changes to it later. because here you'll see that the design I have for my comments will not match the final result of the actual live comments exactly. That's because as I was setting it up in the browser and designing in the browser, I decided to change some aspects.

But the overall look is going to be the same. We start out with a nice and bold title, telling us how many comments are available. Then we have for each comment, the comment meta section which has the Gravatar on the left and then the commenter name in bold at the top and then the commenter meta which has the date and time below. Then we have the full comment itself and then we have a reply button. And then we end each comment with a line so that it's separated from the next and when we have threaded comments so responses to previous comments, those threaded comments are shifted into the right by exactly 50 pixels, which is the same width as the Gravatar.

Before we start applying styles, we need to understand the formatting of the comments themselves. And if we go and use the code inspector here and look at one of our comments, you'll see that the markup that WordPress generates for the comments is extremely well structured and very easy to work with. The entire list of comments is contained within an ordered list with a class comments list. And each of the top level comments and each of all the comments is either a top level list item or an ordered list underneath a top level list item.

Inside each list item you'll find an article that has the class common body and this is each of the comments themself. Within the comment body, you find a footer, and within the footer, you have the comment author V-Card, which contains the gravitar, the name, and the word it says, and then you have the comment meta, which has the date, and publishing time. Below the footer you have a div with a class comment content which contains the comment content. And then, finally, we have a div with a class reply which contains the reply button.

So now we can apply styles to these specific classes to target each individual element and make them all match our overall design. And like before, when I style content, I always start at the top and work my way down. The comments are design elements, so therefore we're going to place all of the styles within styles.css. And here, if you look at our table of contents, you'll see the common section is 10.3. So I'll search for 10.3. And here you see underscores, out of the box, only has two rules.

So we're going to add a bunch of new rules here. And I'm going to start with the title. So I go to my code snippets and find the first rule, which is just a comments title and paste it in. It says the font weight and the font size. I'll reload my page and I see the comments title looks great. And now I'll get to work on the comments themself. The first thing I need to deal with is the numbering because right now we're outputting an ordered list and ordered list by default display the order number. Here you see on, one, one because these are all nested.

So I need to get rid of this numbering. And for that I have these two rules. The first one, targets only the first level of the ordered list, that's why you have this arrow and it sets the padding to zero, margin to two Ms and also sets the list type to none. The second one, targets only the children of ordered lists and sets the list style type to none. Save that. And reloaded in the browser and you'll see now my comments list shift to the left and we got rid of the numbers. Now I'm going to shift each of the responses 50 pixels to the right.

So I'll use this style here comment list OL which targets just the ordered list within the comment list and shift it 50 pixels to the right. So, now you see each of the comments will match up with the width of the Gravatar. And now, I'll start working on the comment meta. So, the first thing I'm going to do is add a margin below the common meta, so we separate the meta from the comment content. So, I'll grab that rule, which just targets comment meta and sets a margin on the bottom. Then, I'll float the avatar to the left and give 20 pixels of margin to the right so that we separate the gravatar from the name and the meadow.

So I'll target the avatar class for that. Now that the avatar floats on the left I can restyle my meta here. So here I have two rules. One for the comment author, which is bold and has a lato font face and then one for the meta data which sets the font size. And now it's time to work on the actual comment content itself. And here I'm going to navigate down and get to the older comments because I want to see the comment that has all the HTML markup. Now when you look at this, you'll see this looks kind of weird because the text has shifted all the way to the right.

So I want to shift the text in so that it lines up nicely with my comment meta. And I also want to make sure that the text within my comment is slightly smaller than the text on the actual post. So I'll grab these two rules here and paste them in and you see the first rule, comment content sets the font size for everything to 90% so that the font is slightly smaller. The next rule targets comment content and also the reply class and shifts at 70 pixels to the right. And the reason my shift is 70 pixels is I have a gravatar of 50 pixels and I gave the gravatar a margin right of 20, so that becomes 70.

And now you'll see the comment content will shift in exactly 70 pixels and line up with a meta data. Next, I'll go back to my previous page and reload it and here, I'm going to apply some styles to separate each comment from each other and add a line between each comment. So I'll grab this class, common body, which as you can see contains padding on the bottom, margin on the bottom, and also a border and this will create nice separation between each of the comments. Then I'll apply some general styling just to the comments content and here I'll replace the existing style.

And finally I'll style the reply button. So now my comments actually look exactly as I want them. So the only thing is to make them responsive and when I make them responsive, all I want to do is make sure that on smaller screens we don't have this indentation. Because that will create for a very awkward experience when you have a lot of indentations. So I'm going to go to my code snippets and grab the media query here at the bottom. And paste it in below the bipols author class which is currently empty and all this media query does is it targets screens smaller than 600 pixels wide and it just sets the margins so that we don't have such aggressive indentation.

And when I reload my comments the final time I can now resize my window. And you see when I get down to a small enough size, all the indentation just disappears. But now, we have fully response of comments, the design matches the overall idea of our original design and they look great on both, big screens and small screens.

Show transcript

This video is part of

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  1. 10m 55s
    1. Welcome
      1m 4s
    2. What to know before you start this course
      2m 40s
    3. How this course and the lesson files work
      3m 12s
    4. Introducing Simone: A preview of the final project
      3m 59s
  2. 21m 28s
    1. Installing and running WordPress on your computer
      3m 53s
    2. Getting and installing Underscores
      4m 11s
    3. Installing WordPress Theme Unit Test data
      4m 18s
    4. Installing the Developer plugin
      2m 58s
    5. Installing and setting up NetBeans or another IDE
      6m 8s
  3. 16m 15s
    1. Designing for mobile, content, and style
      4m 52s
    2. How do WordPress themes work?
      4m 48s
    3. Understanding the WordPress template hierarchy
      2m 19s
    4. Underscores: An overview
      4m 16s
  4. 37m 5s
    1. Setting up style.css
      4m 47s
    2. Configuring baseline settings and functions
      6m 6s
    3. Enabling custom fonts and font icons
      5m 44s
    4. Applying global styles
      5m 11s
    5. Styling basic layout components
      6m 19s
    6. Making the site layout responsive
      8m 58s
  5. 23m 18s
    1. Styling the default header
      6m 25s
    2. Hiding the site title and tagline
      5m 32s
    3. Adding an optional header image function
      5m 23s
    4. Placing the header image behind the site title
      5m 58s
  6. 40m 55s
    1. Setting up menus
      3m 12s
    2. Styling the menu
      7m 42s
    3. Using Superfish for accessible menus
      8m 0s
    4. Making the menu responsive
      7m 3s
    5. Creating a custom social media menu
      5m 51s
    6. Styling the menu with icons from Font Awesome
      9m 7s
  7. 18m 9s
    1. Adding the search form
      6m 27s
    2. Adding the search icon
      6m 55s
    3. Adding show/hide functionality to the search form with jQuery
      4m 47s
  8. 33m 20s
    1. Adding a widgetized area to the footer
      7m 10s
    2. Using the Monster widget plugin to test all widgets
      2m 11s
    3. Styling the footer
      3m 6s
    4. General widget styling
      5m 33s
    5. Adding custom styles to specific widgets
      7m 34s
    6. Using Masonry to make footer widgets responsive
      7m 46s
  9. 54m 49s
    1. Changing the Single Post Template content structure
      5m 54s
    2. Changing the output of meta elements
      7m 2s
    3. Styling the Single Post Template
      7m 57s
    4. Making post meta responsive
      6m 21s
    5. Styling blockquotes
      5m 39s
    6. Creating pull quotes and pull images
      5m 1s
    7. Working with image captions
      4m 27s
    8. Working with image galleries
      4m 57s
    9. Single-post navigation
      7m 31s
  10. 30m 23s
    1. Working with the comments template
      8m 42s
    2. Using Gravatars in comments
      2m 42s
    3. Styling comments
      7m 26s
    4. Highlighting post author comments
      3m 36s
    5. Styling the comment form and messages
      7m 57s
  11. 18m 43s
    1. How do featured images (post thumbnails) work?
      2m 57s
    2. Defining featured image sizes
      3m 30s
    3. Generating new featured images with a plugin
      1m 46s
    4. Adding featured images to a template
      5m 7s
    5. Styling the featured image
      5m 23s
  12. 1h 2m
    1. The index template hierarchy
      2m 21s
    2. Customizing and styling index templates
      10m 10s
    3. Displaying excerpts or full content on index pages
      3m 6s
    4. Adding a custom Read More link
      3m 48s
    5. Adding featured images
      4m 0s
    6. Creating custom pagination navigation
      6m 4s
    7. Highlighting Sticky Posts
      2m 55s
    8. Creating custom post format templates
      5m 30s
    9. Highlighting the most recent post in the index template
      7m 22s
    10. Embracing modular design
      2m 29s
    11. Working with archive.php
      5m 54s
    12. Customizing the search results and the 404 template
      8m 28s
  13. 9m 7s
    1. Styling pages
      3m 4s
    2. Creating custom page templates
      6m 3s
  14. 4m 30s
    1. Adding editor styles to match front-end styles
      4m 30s
  15. 2m 20s
    1. Further learning
      2m 20s

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