WordPress: Building Themes from Scratch Using Underscores
Illustration by John Hersey

WordPress: Building Themes from Scratch Using Underscores

with Morten Rand-Hendriksen

Video: Styling blockquotes

The block quote is a powerful HTML tag that can be We styled this block quote previously when we styled If you go to the code snippets, you can copy out the first two rules here.
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  1. 10m 55s
    1. Welcome
      1m 4s
    2. What to know before you start this course
      2m 40s
    3. How this course and the lesson files work
      3m 12s
    4. Introducing Simone: A preview of the final project
      3m 59s
  2. 21m 28s
    1. Installing and running WordPress on your computer
      3m 53s
    2. Getting and installing Underscores
      4m 11s
    3. Installing WordPress Theme Unit Test data
      4m 18s
    4. Installing the Developer plugin
      2m 58s
    5. Installing and setting up NetBeans or another IDE
      6m 8s
  3. 16m 15s
    1. Designing for mobile, content, and style
      4m 52s
    2. How do WordPress themes work?
      4m 48s
    3. Understanding the WordPress template hierarchy
      2m 19s
    4. Underscores: An overview
      4m 16s
  4. 37m 5s
    1. Setting up style.css
      4m 47s
    2. Configuring baseline settings and functions
      6m 6s
    3. Enabling custom fonts and font icons
      5m 44s
    4. Applying global styles
      5m 11s
    5. Styling basic layout components
      6m 19s
    6. Making the site layout responsive
      8m 58s
  5. 23m 18s
    1. Styling the default header
      6m 25s
    2. Hiding the site title and tagline
      5m 32s
    3. Adding an optional header image function
      5m 23s
    4. Placing the header image behind the site title
      5m 58s
  6. 40m 55s
    1. Setting up menus
      3m 12s
    2. Styling the menu
      7m 42s
    3. Using Superfish for accessible menus
      8m 0s
    4. Making the menu responsive
      7m 3s
    5. Creating a custom social media menu
      5m 51s
    6. Styling the menu with icons from Font Awesome
      9m 7s
  7. 18m 9s
    1. Adding the search form
      6m 27s
    2. Adding the search icon
      6m 55s
    3. Adding show/hide functionality to the search form with jQuery
      4m 47s
  8. 33m 20s
    1. Adding a widgetized area to the footer
      7m 10s
    2. Using the Monster widget plugin to test all widgets
      2m 11s
    3. Styling the footer
      3m 6s
    4. General widget styling
      5m 33s
    5. Adding custom styles to specific widgets
      7m 34s
    6. Using Masonry to make footer widgets responsive
      7m 46s
  9. 54m 49s
    1. Changing the Single Post Template content structure
      5m 54s
    2. Changing the output of meta elements
      7m 2s
    3. Styling the Single Post Template
      7m 57s
    4. Making post meta responsive
      6m 21s
    5. Styling blockquotes
      5m 39s
    6. Creating pull quotes and pull images
      5m 1s
    7. Working with image captions
      4m 27s
    8. Working with image galleries
      4m 57s
    9. Single-post navigation
      7m 31s
  10. 30m 23s
    1. Working with the comments template
      8m 42s
    2. Using Gravatars in comments
      2m 42s
    3. Styling comments
      7m 26s
    4. Highlighting post author comments
      3m 36s
    5. Styling the comment form and messages
      7m 57s
  11. 18m 43s
    1. How do featured images (post thumbnails) work?
      2m 57s
    2. Defining featured image sizes
      3m 30s
    3. Generating new featured images with a plugin
      1m 46s
    4. Adding featured images to a template
      5m 7s
    5. Styling the featured image
      5m 23s
  12. 1h 2m
    1. The index template hierarchy
      2m 21s
    2. Customizing and styling index templates
      10m 10s
    3. Displaying excerpts or full content on index pages
      3m 6s
    4. Adding a custom Read More link
      3m 48s
    5. Adding featured images
      4m 0s
    6. Creating custom pagination navigation
      6m 4s
    7. Highlighting Sticky Posts
      2m 55s
    8. Creating custom post format templates
      5m 30s
    9. Highlighting the most recent post in the index template
      7m 22s
    10. Embracing modular design
      2m 29s
    11. Working with archive.php
      5m 54s
    12. Customizing the search results and the 404 template
      8m 28s
  13. 9m 7s
    1. Styling pages
      3m 4s
    2. Creating custom page templates
      6m 3s
  14. 4m 30s
    1. Adding editor styles to match front-end styles
      4m 30s
  15. 2m 20s
    1. Further learning
      2m 20s

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WordPress: Building Themes from Scratch With Underscores
6h 23m Advanced Jun 11, 2014

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Ready for your next WordPress challenge? Learn how to build more complex custom themes using the _s (aka Underscores) starter theme. Morten Rand-Hendriksen takes you from basic layout and customization to enabling advanced responsive design and accessibility features. He reinforces the basics lessons with DRY (don't repeat yourself) development practices and a structured approach that will help you build WordPress themes that meet modern standards. Plus, he'll explore core concepts like understanding the WordPress template hierarchy, creating functions, adding custom JavaScript, applying styles, and more.

Topics include:
  • Installing WordPress, Underscores, plugins, and NetBeans
  • Designing for mobile, content, and style
  • Setting up the basic theme
  • Building a custom header
  • Designing responsive, accessible menus
  • Adding a custom search form
  • Using and styling widgets
  • Adjusting the Single Post Template
  • Working with comments, featured images, index templates, and static pages
  • Adding editor styles to match front-end styles
WordPress underscores
Morten Rand-Hendriksen

Styling blockquotes

The block quote is a powerful HTML tag that can be used to highlight quotes or create pole content within your content. In the markup HTML tags and formatting post, there are two block quotes. You can see them right here, single line block quotes, and also a multi-line block quote that has a citation reference, wrapped in the site tag at the bottom. We styled this block quote previously when we styled all of the content with our typography styles, but I think block quotes are important enough that you can apply a whole set of styles just for block quotes.

And that's what we're going to do right now. We'll start out by just applying a general style to the block quote, and what I want to do here is separate the block quote out by adding a line at the top and another line at the bottom. And then, I'm going to make the text italicized. And then, in the emphasized text, will be set to regular. If you go to the code snippets, you can copy out the first two rules here. And, I'll paste those rules in and underneath the rest of my typography elements. And, these rules do exactly what I said. I add a border at the top, another border at the bottom.

And add some padding, so that they're spaced between the text and the borders. Then I add a margin on the bottom to bump down any other content, and finally I set the font style to italic. Now because I did that I also have to set the emphasized font style to normal so that if people emphasize content it will still be emphasized in the blog form. Now I can save my styles, and go back and check them out in the browser. And you'll see my block quotes already look more like Blockquotes. But you also see that they're shifted in a little bit and that's because we're currently inheriting an old-style from underscores.

So if you go and look at the block quote in your quote inspector, you'll see in addition to our new block quote style. There's also an old one on line 158 that adds a margin of 1.5 ams to left and right sides. So if I turn it off, my block wood spans the full wave, and that's actually what I want. So I have to go back to my style sheet and remove that old style. So I'll go up to line 158. Right here, and I'm simply going to highlight that and comment it out. And then I'm going to use the search to find my blog quote again.

Here's my blog quote section. Now, I need to focus on that site element because there is a citation in this blog quote, but right now it's just blended in with the rest of the text. I want the citation to appear below the content. Shifted to the right, and I also wanted to have a smaller font and used a lotto font family. If you go back to the cold snippets you'll see I have custom style just for that purpose, it's right here. And when I paste it in. You see here, I set the site within the block quotes to display as a block.

I give it a margin on the top. I also give it a margin on the left of 40% so that it never spans the full width of the block quotes. And then I reduce the size of the font, and set the font family to Lotto. And finally I align the text to the right hand side. And this will make a dramatic difference. So when I reload my block quote again here, you'll see now the citation is shifted to the right. And you can clearly see that this is a citation for the quote. So now we have a block quote that's styled really well within our content. And we could actually just stop here.

But I want to take. Things one step further. I want to give the site user the ability to shift the block quote to either the left, or the right, so that the text flows around it. We're going to do this using the standard align left and align right classes that are built into WordPress, but I also need to style them. The tricky part is, I can't really test it in this post, because this post doesn't have normal content. So here I'm going to move this block quote into another post, and then we can test the alignment. So I'll go to edit my post first.

Here I'll go to the text editor and find my block quote, so it's right here, the one with the sight. I'll copy it out and then I'll go to all posts. And here, I want to find the post that's called post format standard. So I'll go into Post Format: Standard. And here I'm simply going to paste in the block quote in two places. I'll go first here, and then I'll paste it in again below the next paragraph. And then I'll take the first block quote and set class equals align left.

And the second one, I'm going to set class equals align right. Now I can update this post, and view the post, and when I scroll down you'll see I have my blog post and currently they are aligned but there's only a small difference. So now I'm going to add two more rules here, these two. And these rules will allow me to line the blog posts to the left and the right. And set the width of those block quotes to only 50% and give lots of padding on the other side.

That way, the block quote will actually shift to the left or the right and the content will flow around it. So when I now go and reload this post again, you'll see something really cool. Now you see the block quote is floating to the left and the content flows around it. And scrolling down, you have another blog quote that floats to the right and the content flows around it. So taking some time to fully style the blog quotes makes a huge difference in how the content appears on your page. And what we've done now is just the tip of the iceberg. We're going to take this one step further, and give the user the ability to shift the block quotes out of the content altogether, and utilize more space on wider screens.

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