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Setting up style.css

From: WordPress: Building Themes from Scratch Using Underscores

Video: Setting up style.css

The first step in creating a new theme is giving I can set a theme URI if I want to, so this And I can set an author URI, so this link will wrap around my name.

Setting up style.css

The first step in creating a new theme is giving the theme a name and setting up the theme information. If you go to your WordPress site right now, and you navigate to the back end to themes, you'll see here we have our currently active theme, called my-simone, but if you click on theme details, you see there's not really much information here. We have a generic blank thumbnail, and the name of the theme is all lower case my-simone. The version is 1.0 and it's made by Underscores.me. There's also no description for the theme itself.

What we need to do here, before we do anything else, is provide a proper name and a proper description for our theme, so when people download the theme or access it in some other way, they'll actually know what it is. And all that information is stored in style.css. So I'm going to go to my IDE and open style.css. And here you see right at the top we have a large commented-out section that has all these variables, theme name, theme URI and so on. And this is the information WordPress uses to identify this as a theme.

Now, if you're an experienced web designer or developer, and you're familiar with how code works, it might seem a little strange that the definition of the theme is contained within the style.css file. But this is how WordPress works. And it's actually kind of clever because it contains all the pertinent information about the theme in one place. So here we need to change this information to match us. So here I'm going to change name to my-simone. I can set a theme URI if I want to, so this would be a link to where the theme is available once it's public.

So currently I don't have one, so I'm just going to put lynda.com here. Then I can set my name as the author. And I can set an author URI, so this link will wrap around my name. So here, I'll put a URI to my courses, and then I get the description. And here you can be as exhaustive as you want in describing your theme, and it's a good idea to do so, especially if your theme has a lot of cool features, so when people look at the theme they'll know what they'll be able to activate. Now I'm just going to put in a basic description now, and you can be as descriptive as you want.

Next we have to set a version number, and I like to start at 0.1 and only set the version to 1.0 when I'm absolutely ready. And then we have to set a license. Now anything published that works with WordPress needs to inherit the General Public License, or GPL, which is listed here. But you can add additional licenses if you want to. And those additional licenses would go onto this license URI link here. So if you want to add additional information, maybe about font licenses or something else, you would make a new file called license.txt and add all the information in there.

So you can choose whether you want to do that or not, but no matter what you do, this theme, like WordPress, is licensed under GPL. This is not an option. That's just how it is. The two next options, Text Domain and Domain Path, have to do with translation services, and they're not going to be covered in this course. But basically, when you create a text string within your theme, you can choose to wrap it in code so that another person can translate the theme into a different language. And these two fields: Text Domain and Domain Path, tell WordPress how to translate that content.

Now all the text that we're going to put into the theme in this course will actually be translation-ready, but I'm not going to go into great detail about exactly how it works. So just rest assured that as long as we use my-simone as the text domain, and the domain path is languages, everything will be fine. The last option here is tags. Now these are tags that link up to the WordPress theme directory. And here you can't just put in anything. There's actually a restricted number of different tags we can use. To see what those tags are, you have to go to wordpress.org/themes/tag-filter and here you see the available themes, and there's a limited list of these tags.

You can see things that apply to our theme are two columns, right sidebar, responsive layout, and then some colors. So I can put those in. And then I can put in some colors, white, blue, black, and so on. Now that I've added all the information I want, I can save my file, and if I now go back to my themes here, reload the page, you'll see my theme is now called My Simone without the dash. When I go to theme details, we have more information.

There you see the full name with a version number. Here's a link to me. There's the description and here are the tags. So now we have basic information about the theme, and as you build it out you may want to go back and change this information to keep it current.

Show transcript

This video is part of

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  1. 10m 55s
    1. Welcome
      1m 4s
    2. What to know before you start this course
      2m 40s
    3. How this course and the lesson files work
      3m 12s
    4. Introducing Simone: A preview of the final project
      3m 59s
  2. 21m 28s
    1. Installing and running WordPress on your computer
      3m 53s
    2. Getting and installing Underscores
      4m 11s
    3. Installing WordPress Theme Unit Test data
      4m 18s
    4. Installing the Developer plugin
      2m 58s
    5. Installing and setting up NetBeans or another IDE
      6m 8s
  3. 16m 15s
    1. Designing for mobile, content, and style
      4m 52s
    2. How do WordPress themes work?
      4m 48s
    3. Understanding the WordPress template hierarchy
      2m 19s
    4. Underscores: An overview
      4m 16s
  4. 37m 5s
    1. Setting up style.css
      4m 47s
    2. Configuring baseline settings and functions
      6m 6s
    3. Enabling custom fonts and font icons
      5m 44s
    4. Applying global styles
      5m 11s
    5. Styling basic layout components
      6m 19s
    6. Making the site layout responsive
      8m 58s
  5. 23m 18s
    1. Styling the default header
      6m 25s
    2. Hiding the site title and tagline
      5m 32s
    3. Adding an optional header image function
      5m 23s
    4. Placing the header image behind the site title
      5m 58s
  6. 40m 55s
    1. Setting up menus
      3m 12s
    2. Styling the menu
      7m 42s
    3. Using Superfish for accessible menus
      8m 0s
    4. Making the menu responsive
      7m 3s
    5. Creating a custom social media menu
      5m 51s
    6. Styling the menu with icons from Font Awesome
      9m 7s
  7. 18m 9s
    1. Adding the search form
      6m 27s
    2. Adding the search icon
      6m 55s
    3. Adding show/hide functionality to the search form with jQuery
      4m 47s
  8. 33m 20s
    1. Adding a widgetized area to the footer
      7m 10s
    2. Using the Monster widget plugin to test all widgets
      2m 11s
    3. Styling the footer
      3m 6s
    4. General widget styling
      5m 33s
    5. Adding custom styles to specific widgets
      7m 34s
    6. Using Masonry to make footer widgets responsive
      7m 46s
  9. 54m 49s
    1. Changing the Single Post Template content structure
      5m 54s
    2. Changing the output of meta elements
      7m 2s
    3. Styling the Single Post Template
      7m 57s
    4. Making post meta responsive
      6m 21s
    5. Styling blockquotes
      5m 39s
    6. Creating pull quotes and pull images
      5m 1s
    7. Working with image captions
      4m 27s
    8. Working with image galleries
      4m 57s
    9. Single-post navigation
      7m 31s
  10. 30m 23s
    1. Working with the comments template
      8m 42s
    2. Using Gravatars in comments
      2m 42s
    3. Styling comments
      7m 26s
    4. Highlighting post author comments
      3m 36s
    5. Styling the comment form and messages
      7m 57s
  11. 18m 43s
    1. How do featured images (post thumbnails) work?
      2m 57s
    2. Defining featured image sizes
      3m 30s
    3. Generating new featured images with a plugin
      1m 46s
    4. Adding featured images to a template
      5m 7s
    5. Styling the featured image
      5m 23s
  12. 1h 2m
    1. The index template hierarchy
      2m 21s
    2. Customizing and styling index templates
      10m 10s
    3. Displaying excerpts or full content on index pages
      3m 6s
    4. Adding a custom Read More link
      3m 48s
    5. Adding featured images
      4m 0s
    6. Creating custom pagination navigation
      6m 4s
    7. Highlighting Sticky Posts
      2m 55s
    8. Creating custom post format templates
      5m 30s
    9. Highlighting the most recent post in the index template
      7m 22s
    10. Embracing modular design
      2m 29s
    11. Working with archive.php
      5m 54s
    12. Customizing the search results and the 404 template
      8m 28s
  13. 9m 7s
    1. Styling pages
      3m 4s
    2. Creating custom page templates
      6m 3s
  14. 4m 30s
    1. Adding editor styles to match front-end styles
      4m 30s
  15. 2m 20s
    1. Further learning
      2m 20s

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