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General widget styling

From: WordPress: Building Themes from Scratch Using Underscores

Video: General widget styling

With our two widgetized areas the side bar and In accordance with dry development principles.

General widget styling

With our two widgetized areas the side bar and the footer in place and their global styles applied. So they appear where they're supposed to and have an overall look that matches our design. It's time to start focusing on the widgets themself. Looking back at the original design you'll see that our widgetized area as a lot of fun throughout. Each of the widgets have a bolded title with an underline. And the widget text is relatively small compared to the regular text that you see on the page.

This is all designed so that the widgetized area doesn't drag focus away from the main content because it is additional content. Now we need to apply this general styling to our widgets. In accordance with dry development principles. It's always a good idea to mark up all your widgets the same way and use consistent class names to make them easy to target with global styles. If we look back at functions.php and where we registered our widgets. You'll see here that each of our widgets within our widgetized areas starts with an aside and has the class widget.

And then, the widget name as the secondary class. And our widget titles are all wrapped in an H1 tag with the class widget title. And this goes for both our side bar widgets. And our footer widgets. That means if we create styles that targets widgets or widget title, they'll apply to both the side bar and the footer at the same time. And we'll have consistent styling across all our widgets. So now I can start applying that style. So I'll go to style.css and find the widgets section which is 9.0 and I'll search for it.

9.0, here I find the widget's area, and here you see I currently only have three rules. I have the widget rule, which just sets 1.5 m, margin on the bottom of each widget, and I have these two. Which sets the select elements to fit in widgets and also the search widget. Now these two I'm going to leave alone, but above that I'm going to add a whole new set of rules to target our widgetized areas. So start out by changing the widget class itself.

So I'll set the margin to 0, 0, and four em's to give each of the widgets more space below. Then I'll set the font family of the whole widget to Lato and sans serif as before. I'll set the font size for the widget itself to 16 pixels, and then I'll add a widget title rule. So widget title. I'll start by setting a margin between the widget title and the rest of the widgets, I'll set merge at bottom.

To Iem, then I'll set the font size of the widget. And here I've gone and checked my design and the font size is 24 pixels. And then I'll set that thick border at the bottom. So I'll set border bottom to two pixels solid and black. So now I've styled the overall widget and also the widget title. Now I need to check my styles on the actual page and here you see my title now looks like it matches our overall design. And the widget font size matches what I have in my designs as well.

When I look back at my design, you'll also notice I have my links are bolded while my regular text is regular font weight. Now I'll go back to my style sheet again, and I'll add that in. So I'll say, .widget a, font-weight, and I'll set the font weight to 700, which is one of the font weights that we got for our custom font. And I'll also set the color of the links to black. Save again and test the page again. And now you'll see my links are nice and bolded and, for example, here on the calendar you'll see that makes a significant difference.

My links are heavier and black, whereas the rest of the text has a slight gray color. And now we need to add a bunch of extra adjustments to position all my widgets exactly where they're supposed to be and align them. So if you go to the code snippets for this movie, you'll see here we have a set of rules for widget ul and widget li and li ul and so on. So all of these rules, once applied affect all these list. So when I reload now you'll notice that my lists are no longer shifting in and they don't have the bullets anymore.

And the lists look much nicer than they did before. So now my side bar looks great but if I scroll down to the bottom of my page. You'll notice I still have a little bit of work to do with my widget in the footer. In particular, I need to change the color of the title and also the title underline. And on wide screens I want each of the widgets to stack up net to one another. Instead of taking up the whole width of the screen like they do now. So if you go back to the code snippets and scroll to the bottom you'll see here we have a set of rules just for the footer widgets.

You can copy that out. I'll paste it in beneath Search Widget here and what these rules do is they set the footer widgets to center. Then they set the text color and border color for the titles. And then, they set each of thee widgets to be a max width of 320 pixels. So now I'll go and reload my page a final time. Now my photo widgets match the overall design in each of the widgets stacks next to the other. So that we can utilize the space in our footer better.

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This video is part of

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  1. 10m 55s
    1. Welcome
      1m 4s
    2. What to know before you start this course
      2m 40s
    3. How this course and the lesson files work
      3m 12s
    4. Introducing Simone: A preview of the final project
      3m 59s
  2. 21m 28s
    1. Installing and running WordPress on your computer
      3m 53s
    2. Getting and installing Underscores
      4m 11s
    3. Installing WordPress Theme Unit Test data
      4m 18s
    4. Installing the Developer plugin
      2m 58s
    5. Installing and setting up NetBeans or another IDE
      6m 8s
  3. 16m 15s
    1. Designing for mobile, content, and style
      4m 52s
    2. How do WordPress themes work?
      4m 48s
    3. Understanding the WordPress template hierarchy
      2m 19s
    4. Underscores: An overview
      4m 16s
  4. 37m 5s
    1. Setting up style.css
      4m 47s
    2. Configuring baseline settings and functions
      6m 6s
    3. Enabling custom fonts and font icons
      5m 44s
    4. Applying global styles
      5m 11s
    5. Styling basic layout components
      6m 19s
    6. Making the site layout responsive
      8m 58s
  5. 23m 18s
    1. Styling the default header
      6m 25s
    2. Hiding the site title and tagline
      5m 32s
    3. Adding an optional header image function
      5m 23s
    4. Placing the header image behind the site title
      5m 58s
  6. 40m 55s
    1. Setting up menus
      3m 12s
    2. Styling the menu
      7m 42s
    3. Using Superfish for accessible menus
      8m 0s
    4. Making the menu responsive
      7m 3s
    5. Creating a custom social media menu
      5m 51s
    6. Styling the menu with icons from Font Awesome
      9m 7s
  7. 18m 9s
    1. Adding the search form
      6m 27s
    2. Adding the search icon
      6m 55s
    3. Adding show/hide functionality to the search form with jQuery
      4m 47s
  8. 33m 20s
    1. Adding a widgetized area to the footer
      7m 10s
    2. Using the Monster widget plugin to test all widgets
      2m 11s
    3. Styling the footer
      3m 6s
    4. General widget styling
      5m 33s
    5. Adding custom styles to specific widgets
      7m 34s
    6. Using Masonry to make footer widgets responsive
      7m 46s
  9. 54m 49s
    1. Changing the Single Post Template content structure
      5m 54s
    2. Changing the output of meta elements
      7m 2s
    3. Styling the Single Post Template
      7m 57s
    4. Making post meta responsive
      6m 21s
    5. Styling blockquotes
      5m 39s
    6. Creating pull quotes and pull images
      5m 1s
    7. Working with image captions
      4m 27s
    8. Working with image galleries
      4m 57s
    9. Single-post navigation
      7m 31s
  10. 30m 23s
    1. Working with the comments template
      8m 42s
    2. Using Gravatars in comments
      2m 42s
    3. Styling comments
      7m 26s
    4. Highlighting post author comments
      3m 36s
    5. Styling the comment form and messages
      7m 57s
  11. 18m 43s
    1. How do featured images (post thumbnails) work?
      2m 57s
    2. Defining featured image sizes
      3m 30s
    3. Generating new featured images with a plugin
      1m 46s
    4. Adding featured images to a template
      5m 7s
    5. Styling the featured image
      5m 23s
  12. 1h 2m
    1. The index template hierarchy
      2m 21s
    2. Customizing and styling index templates
      10m 10s
    3. Displaying excerpts or full content on index pages
      3m 6s
    4. Adding a custom Read More link
      3m 48s
    5. Adding featured images
      4m 0s
    6. Creating custom pagination navigation
      6m 4s
    7. Highlighting Sticky Posts
      2m 55s
    8. Creating custom post format templates
      5m 30s
    9. Highlighting the most recent post in the index template
      7m 22s
    10. Embracing modular design
      2m 29s
    11. Working with archive.php
      5m 54s
    12. Customizing the search results and the 404 template
      8m 28s
  13. 9m 7s
    1. Styling pages
      3m 4s
    2. Creating custom page templates
      6m 3s
  14. 4m 30s
    1. Adding editor styles to match front-end styles
      4m 30s
  15. 2m 20s
    1. Further learning
      2m 20s

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