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Enabling custom fonts and font icons

From: WordPress: Building Themes from Scratch Using Underscores

Video: Enabling custom fonts and font icons

Custom web fonts, is a relative recent invention, that allows us to bring Custom web fonts, are based on CSS.

Enabling custom fonts and font icons

Custom web fonts, is a relative recent invention, that allows us to bring in style sheets, with new fonts that we can use on our website. That way we're no longer restricted by the very limiting, font families that used to be the only fonts that we could use, on the web. In designing this theme, I used two custom fonts, and also a custom icon font set. The custom font is the Sans Serif font you see here in the title, and also in the meta content it's called Lotto, and I also used a font called PT Serif for the main body content here.

In addition, I want to use the, Font Awesome Icon Font Library to make icons, within my site. Custom web fonts, are based on CSS. So, to, activate a new custom web font or, an icon font on our site, we need to import that style sheet into our site. The call to style sheets, should always be done in the head section of your page markup. And it might therefore seem logical, to add these calls right into the header.php template. But in WordPress we have a much more advanced option, called Enqueuing.

By enqueuing styles and scripts, we can control where, when and how each style sheet and each script is called, and what the tendencies each of them have. In enqueuing of styles and scripts, is done from functions.php. In the previous movie, I mentioned this enqueuing and here you can see it. We have a function, inside functions.php or rather an action, called WP enqueue scripts. And these actions, runs all the different, enqueue functions.

Here we have WP enqueue style, which ques up the style sheet for our site and we also have a couple of scripts. So, what we're going to do now is call in the style sheets, for this custom fonts using the same functions. First, I have to go and find the actual style sheets. So, I'll start with Google Fonts. Here I'm going to search for the fonts I need, so that was Lotto, here it is. So, I'm going to add that to my collection, and then it was PT Serif and, I'm going to add that to my collection. And once I have the two fonts I need, I'm going to go to the bottom here and click Use.

And this takes me to, the page where I can, define which font weights I want. And this is based on my design, so here I'm going to select, Thin 100 and then 400 Normal and Italic, Bold 700 and also Ultra Bold 900 and Italic. And for PT Serif, I'm going to use all four. Once I've selected the font weights I want, Google Web Font will automatically generate, a custom CSS style sheet for me, that I can include in several different ways.

So, down here, we have the, code examples that we can use. So, I'm going to go and just copy out. The link to, this style sheet here. And then I'll go back to, my functions.php file, and create a new function. So I'll go and say, WP enqueue, and then I'll select, Enqueue Style and here I have to set a handle. So that would be the name of the style. The, common handle is My Simone Styles. Here I'm going to say, my Simone at Google fonts.

And then I have to say comma, and then the link directly to the style sheet, and then I'll end my line with a semi-colon. And that's actually all I need to do, to get, this style sheet to queue up in the head section of my makeup. Now before I save, I am going to go and grab the same style sheet from Font Awesome as well,if you're not familiar with Font Awesome. It's, an icon font library that allows us to add really cool icons to our site, as if they were fonts. Here you see you have, hundreds of icons we can use.

Now what I'm interested in right now is how to get these icons, onto my site, so I'm going to go to Get Started, and scroll down and here you see the easiest way of including Font Awesome in your site, is to call the, BootstrapCDN Style Sheet. So, I'm going to go copy the style sheet here, and then I'll make another function exactly the same, WPenqueue Style, I'll set this name to My-Simone- Fontawesome, comma and then paste in URL.

And here you see this URL is actually not complete, so I'm going to print http; in front of it, and put a semi colon at the end, and now I can save the file, and know that now all these style sheets are going to be cued up. But of course, you want to test that to make sure that everything works right. So now I can go back to the browser, and here when I reload the page. You'll see, nothing happen and that's exactly what you can expect because although we pulled in the fonts, we haven't actually told, WordPress how to use them yet.

To see if the fonts actually get queued up, we're going to use the developer tools here. So I can go, right-click anywhere and select, Inspect Element, and then I'll go to Resources. Frames, Local Host and here you have a list of all the different things that are loaded up, including, images, scripts and style sheets. So if I select, Style Sheets and scroll down, you'll see here we have a whole bunch of different style sheets that have been loaded, most importantly, fontsawesome.css, which is the one we just called for, and also this one, which is just called CSS.

Where you can see here it says, Lotto and when we scroll down, PT Serif. So that means, we now have our styles queued up, and all we need to do is go into our styles.css file and tell WordPress, where we want to apply, those fonts.

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This video is part of

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  1. 10m 55s
    1. Welcome
      1m 4s
    2. What to know before you start this course
      2m 40s
    3. How this course and the lesson files work
      3m 12s
    4. Introducing Simone: A preview of the final project
      3m 59s
  2. 21m 28s
    1. Installing and running WordPress on your computer
      3m 53s
    2. Getting and installing Underscores
      4m 11s
    3. Installing WordPress Theme Unit Test data
      4m 18s
    4. Installing the Developer plugin
      2m 58s
    5. Installing and setting up NetBeans or another IDE
      6m 8s
  3. 16m 15s
    1. Designing for mobile, content, and style
      4m 52s
    2. How do WordPress themes work?
      4m 48s
    3. Understanding the WordPress template hierarchy
      2m 19s
    4. Underscores: An overview
      4m 16s
  4. 37m 5s
    1. Setting up style.css
      4m 47s
    2. Configuring baseline settings and functions
      6m 6s
    3. Enabling custom fonts and font icons
      5m 44s
    4. Applying global styles
      5m 11s
    5. Styling basic layout components
      6m 19s
    6. Making the site layout responsive
      8m 58s
  5. 23m 18s
    1. Styling the default header
      6m 25s
    2. Hiding the site title and tagline
      5m 32s
    3. Adding an optional header image function
      5m 23s
    4. Placing the header image behind the site title
      5m 58s
  6. 40m 55s
    1. Setting up menus
      3m 12s
    2. Styling the menu
      7m 42s
    3. Using Superfish for accessible menus
      8m 0s
    4. Making the menu responsive
      7m 3s
    5. Creating a custom social media menu
      5m 51s
    6. Styling the menu with icons from Font Awesome
      9m 7s
  7. 18m 9s
    1. Adding the search form
      6m 27s
    2. Adding the search icon
      6m 55s
    3. Adding show/hide functionality to the search form with jQuery
      4m 47s
  8. 33m 20s
    1. Adding a widgetized area to the footer
      7m 10s
    2. Using the Monster widget plugin to test all widgets
      2m 11s
    3. Styling the footer
      3m 6s
    4. General widget styling
      5m 33s
    5. Adding custom styles to specific widgets
      7m 34s
    6. Using Masonry to make footer widgets responsive
      7m 46s
  9. 54m 49s
    1. Changing the Single Post Template content structure
      5m 54s
    2. Changing the output of meta elements
      7m 2s
    3. Styling the Single Post Template
      7m 57s
    4. Making post meta responsive
      6m 21s
    5. Styling blockquotes
      5m 39s
    6. Creating pull quotes and pull images
      5m 1s
    7. Working with image captions
      4m 27s
    8. Working with image galleries
      4m 57s
    9. Single-post navigation
      7m 31s
  10. 30m 23s
    1. Working with the comments template
      8m 42s
    2. Using Gravatars in comments
      2m 42s
    3. Styling comments
      7m 26s
    4. Highlighting post author comments
      3m 36s
    5. Styling the comment form and messages
      7m 57s
  11. 18m 43s
    1. How do featured images (post thumbnails) work?
      2m 57s
    2. Defining featured image sizes
      3m 30s
    3. Generating new featured images with a plugin
      1m 46s
    4. Adding featured images to a template
      5m 7s
    5. Styling the featured image
      5m 23s
  12. 1h 2m
    1. The index template hierarchy
      2m 21s
    2. Customizing and styling index templates
      10m 10s
    3. Displaying excerpts or full content on index pages
      3m 6s
    4. Adding a custom Read More link
      3m 48s
    5. Adding featured images
      4m 0s
    6. Creating custom pagination navigation
      6m 4s
    7. Highlighting Sticky Posts
      2m 55s
    8. Creating custom post format templates
      5m 30s
    9. Highlighting the most recent post in the index template
      7m 22s
    10. Embracing modular design
      2m 29s
    11. Working with archive.php
      5m 54s
    12. Customizing the search results and the 404 template
      8m 28s
  13. 9m 7s
    1. Styling pages
      3m 4s
    2. Creating custom page templates
      6m 3s
  14. 4m 30s
    1. Adding editor styles to match front-end styles
      4m 30s
  15. 2m 20s
    1. Further learning
      2m 20s

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