WordPress: Building Themes from Scratch Using Underscores
Illustration by John Hersey

WordPress: Building Themes from Scratch Using Underscores

with Morten Rand-Hendriksen

Video: Creating a custom social media menu

Now that our main menu works the way it's supposed to, I want to And I'll give it a name, so I'll call it social.
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  1. 10m 55s
    1. Welcome
      1m 4s
    2. What to know before you start this course
      2m 40s
    3. How this course and the lesson files work
      3m 12s
    4. Introducing Simone: A preview of the final project
      3m 59s
  2. 21m 28s
    1. Installing and running WordPress on your computer
      3m 53s
    2. Getting and installing Underscores
      4m 11s
    3. Installing WordPress Theme Unit Test data
      4m 18s
    4. Installing the Developer plugin
      2m 58s
    5. Installing and setting up NetBeans or another IDE
      6m 8s
  3. 16m 15s
    1. Designing for mobile, content, and style
      4m 52s
    2. How do WordPress themes work?
      4m 48s
    3. Understanding the WordPress template hierarchy
      2m 19s
    4. Underscores: An overview
      4m 16s
  4. 37m 5s
    1. Setting up style.css
      4m 47s
    2. Configuring baseline settings and functions
      6m 6s
    3. Enabling custom fonts and font icons
      5m 44s
    4. Applying global styles
      5m 11s
    5. Styling basic layout components
      6m 19s
    6. Making the site layout responsive
      8m 58s
  5. 23m 18s
    1. Styling the default header
      6m 25s
    2. Hiding the site title and tagline
      5m 32s
    3. Adding an optional header image function
      5m 23s
    4. Placing the header image behind the site title
      5m 58s
  6. 40m 55s
    1. Setting up menus
      3m 12s
    2. Styling the menu
      7m 42s
    3. Using Superfish for accessible menus
      8m 0s
    4. Making the menu responsive
      7m 3s
    5. Creating a custom social media menu
      5m 51s
    6. Styling the menu with icons from Font Awesome
      9m 7s
  7. 18m 9s
    1. Adding the search form
      6m 27s
    2. Adding the search icon
      6m 55s
    3. Adding show/hide functionality to the search form with jQuery
      4m 47s
  8. 33m 20s
    1. Adding a widgetized area to the footer
      7m 10s
    2. Using the Monster widget plugin to test all widgets
      2m 11s
    3. Styling the footer
      3m 6s
    4. General widget styling
      5m 33s
    5. Adding custom styles to specific widgets
      7m 34s
    6. Using Masonry to make footer widgets responsive
      7m 46s
  9. 54m 49s
    1. Changing the Single Post Template content structure
      5m 54s
    2. Changing the output of meta elements
      7m 2s
    3. Styling the Single Post Template
      7m 57s
    4. Making post meta responsive
      6m 21s
    5. Styling blockquotes
      5m 39s
    6. Creating pull quotes and pull images
      5m 1s
    7. Working with image captions
      4m 27s
    8. Working with image galleries
      4m 57s
    9. Single-post navigation
      7m 31s
  10. 30m 23s
    1. Working with the comments template
      8m 42s
    2. Using Gravatars in comments
      2m 42s
    3. Styling comments
      7m 26s
    4. Highlighting post author comments
      3m 36s
    5. Styling the comment form and messages
      7m 57s
  11. 18m 43s
    1. How do featured images (post thumbnails) work?
      2m 57s
    2. Defining featured image sizes
      3m 30s
    3. Generating new featured images with a plugin
      1m 46s
    4. Adding featured images to a template
      5m 7s
    5. Styling the featured image
      5m 23s
  12. 1h 2m
    1. The index template hierarchy
      2m 21s
    2. Customizing and styling index templates
      10m 10s
    3. Displaying excerpts or full content on index pages
      3m 6s
    4. Adding a custom Read More link
      3m 48s
    5. Adding featured images
      4m 0s
    6. Creating custom pagination navigation
      6m 4s
    7. Highlighting Sticky Posts
      2m 55s
    8. Creating custom post format templates
      5m 30s
    9. Highlighting the most recent post in the index template
      7m 22s
    10. Embracing modular design
      2m 29s
    11. Working with archive.php
      5m 54s
    12. Customizing the search results and the 404 template
      8m 28s
  13. 9m 7s
    1. Styling pages
      3m 4s
    2. Creating custom page templates
      6m 3s
  14. 4m 30s
    1. Adding editor styles to match front-end styles
      4m 30s
  15. 2m 20s
    1. Further learning
      2m 20s

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WordPress: Building Themes from Scratch With Underscores
6h 23m Advanced Jun 11, 2014

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Ready for your next WordPress challenge? Learn how to build more complex custom themes using the _s (aka Underscores) starter theme. Morten Rand-Hendriksen takes you from basic layout and customization to enabling advanced responsive design and accessibility features. He reinforces the basics lessons with DRY (don't repeat yourself) development practices and a structured approach that will help you build WordPress themes that meet modern standards. Plus, he'll explore core concepts like understanding the WordPress template hierarchy, creating functions, adding custom JavaScript, applying styles, and more.

Topics include:
  • Installing WordPress, Underscores, plugins, and NetBeans
  • Designing for mobile, content, and style
  • Setting up the basic theme
  • Building a custom header
  • Designing responsive, accessible menus
  • Adding a custom search form
  • Using and styling widgets
  • Adjusting the Single Post Template
  • Working with comments, featured images, index templates, and static pages
  • Adding editor styles to match front-end styles
WordPress underscores
Morten Rand-Hendriksen

Creating a custom social media menu

Now that our main menu works the way it's supposed to, I want to show you how you can create additional menus and place them elsewhere within your site. So I'm going to do that by creating an optional social media menu, and the menu's going to work by placing social media icons on the right hand side within my menu bar here. And the menu will be controlled from within Word Press as a separate menu. So that way the site owner can add new social media networks and organize them in the way she wants. The idea for this type of menu came from Justin Tadlock, who's a famous Word Press developer.

And if you want to learn more about where the idea came from, and how he implements you can go check out the article where he published all of these ideas it's called social nav menus part 2, and you can find it on his blog. The menu that I'm going to create is a little bit different, but it's based on the same principles. So what you see in the course will match pretty close to what Justin Tadlock came up with originally. But he's using Genericons, I'll be using Font Awesome and I'll also make some other small changes. The first step in getting this menu up and running is, we need to make WordPress aware that there is a new menu and that's done in functions.php.

So, I'll go to functions.PHP. And scroll down until I find this function called register nav_menu. And this is where we can register as many menus as we want. So now I need a new one, so I'll make a new line. And I'll give it a name, so I'll call it social. And then I'll give the menu a proper human name. And here I'll use that same markup that you see above. This markup is so that translators can hook in and change the name into a different language, if they want. Here, I'll say, my-simone, as the text, domain.

And that way. When someone wants to translate the theme, they can change this name into a different language if they want to. So now that I've defined the menu, I can go back to WordPress, go to the WordPress toolbar, select Menus, and here, if I go to Manage locations,. You'll see I now have an additional menu called Social Menu. So now I can create a new menu, so I'll click Use New Menu. This creates a new menu and I'll call it Social Menu. And then I need to populate my Social Menu, so I'll go ahead and select Links here and I'll put a couple of links through some social media networks.

So twitter.com/martin. And I'll set the link text to just the name of the social media network, because later we'll hide the link text. I'll say Google+ and Facebook. And now that I've created my menu, I have to make sure theme locations is set to Social Menu. And then I can save my menu. Now of course, when I go to the front page of my site now, you won't see the menu, because we have yet to tell the theme where the menu's going to appear.

And before we can do that we have to further define how this menu is going to work. So, what I'm going to do now, is go to the include folder and find the file called template-tags. And this is where we're going to put all our extra functions that are not necessary for the theme to work but add extra functionality and this is a perfect example of that kind of function. So here I'm going to create a new function that generates the menu and all the mark up we need for the menu. So scroll all the way to the bottom of this file and add some new lines.

And I'm going to go to my code snippets, and here you'll find all the code for template text. So I'm going to copy out this code here, and paste it in. And then I'll explain what's going on here. First, I have a comment explaining what this is, and within the comment they also have a link directly to that article I mentioned previously because this open source and you want to credit the people who come up with great ideas. Then I create a new function called my Simone social menu. And within that function I say, if the theme currently has a menu called Social, then I'll put the nav menu, and then wrap it in a div.

Give it a container ID of Menu Social. Give it a container class of Menu Social. And give each of the menu items the idea menu Social Items and each of the items, the class Menu Items. All of this will help us get Word Press to automatically generate the code we need so this menu is easy to style later. So now that I've created the function called My Simone Social Menu, I need to call the function in my template file so that it actually displays.

So I'm going to copy the name here, so I don't misspell it. Then I'm going to go to header.php and scroll down to where I have my menus. And like I said, I want this menu to appear next to the other menu, but shifted to the right. So here, underneath wp_nav_menu, I'm going to add a new line, add in the php to the limiter. Then just my new function name and end the PHP delimiter. So what'll happen now is header.php will call my function my_simone_social_menu from template tags and this function in turn sets up my menu so that the markup that comes out is exactly what I want.

So now I can save header.php. Go back to my site and reload it. And here you'll see that my menu items appear. And because I placed them within the structure of the main menu, they automatically inherit the same styling as the rest of the menu items. But right now, they're showing the menu item names, and not the social icons. And this menu is also jammed to the left, so it appears alongside the rest of the menu. Now I want to move this menu to the right and swap out these menu items for menu icons.

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