WordPress: Building Themes from Scratch Using Underscores
Illustration by John Hersey

Creating custom pagination navigation


WordPress: Building Themes from Scratch Using Underscores

with Morten Rand-Hendriksen

Video: Creating custom pagination navigation

An important part of index pages is the ability to quickly First, we need to identify the function that creates the navigation for us.
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  1. 10m 55s
    1. Welcome
      1m 4s
    2. What to know before you start this course
      2m 40s
    3. How this course and the lesson files work
      3m 12s
    4. Introducing Simone: A preview of the final project
      3m 59s
  2. 21m 28s
    1. Installing and running WordPress on your computer
      3m 53s
    2. Getting and installing Underscores
      4m 11s
    3. Installing WordPress Theme Unit Test data
      4m 18s
    4. Installing the Developer plugin
      2m 58s
    5. Installing and setting up NetBeans or another IDE
      6m 8s
  3. 16m 15s
    1. Designing for mobile, content, and style
      4m 52s
    2. How do WordPress themes work?
      4m 48s
    3. Understanding the WordPress template hierarchy
      2m 19s
    4. Underscores: An overview
      4m 16s
  4. 37m 5s
    1. Setting up style.css
      4m 47s
    2. Configuring baseline settings and functions
      6m 6s
    3. Enabling custom fonts and font icons
      5m 44s
    4. Applying global styles
      5m 11s
    5. Styling basic layout components
      6m 19s
    6. Making the site layout responsive
      8m 58s
  5. 23m 18s
    1. Styling the default header
      6m 25s
    2. Hiding the site title and tagline
      5m 32s
    3. Adding an optional header image function
      5m 23s
    4. Placing the header image behind the site title
      5m 58s
  6. 40m 55s
    1. Setting up menus
      3m 12s
    2. Styling the menu
      7m 42s
    3. Using Superfish for accessible menus
      8m 0s
    4. Making the menu responsive
      7m 3s
    5. Creating a custom social media menu
      5m 51s
    6. Styling the menu with icons from Font Awesome
      9m 7s
  7. 18m 9s
    1. Adding the search form
      6m 27s
    2. Adding the search icon
      6m 55s
    3. Adding show/hide functionality to the search form with jQuery
      4m 47s
  8. 33m 20s
    1. Adding a widgetized area to the footer
      7m 10s
    2. Using the Monster widget plugin to test all widgets
      2m 11s
    3. Styling the footer
      3m 6s
    4. General widget styling
      5m 33s
    5. Adding custom styles to specific widgets
      7m 34s
    6. Using Masonry to make footer widgets responsive
      7m 46s
  9. 54m 49s
    1. Changing the Single Post Template content structure
      5m 54s
    2. Changing the output of meta elements
      7m 2s
    3. Styling the Single Post Template
      7m 57s
    4. Making post meta responsive
      6m 21s
    5. Styling blockquotes
      5m 39s
    6. Creating pull quotes and pull images
      5m 1s
    7. Working with image captions
      4m 27s
    8. Working with image galleries
      4m 57s
    9. Single-post navigation
      7m 31s
  10. 30m 23s
    1. Working with the comments template
      8m 42s
    2. Using Gravatars in comments
      2m 42s
    3. Styling comments
      7m 26s
    4. Highlighting post author comments
      3m 36s
    5. Styling the comment form and messages
      7m 57s
  11. 18m 43s
    1. How do featured images (post thumbnails) work?
      2m 57s
    2. Defining featured image sizes
      3m 30s
    3. Generating new featured images with a plugin
      1m 46s
    4. Adding featured images to a template
      5m 7s
    5. Styling the featured image
      5m 23s
  12. 1h 2m
    1. The index template hierarchy
      2m 21s
    2. Customizing and styling index templates
      10m 10s
    3. Displaying excerpts or full content on index pages
      3m 6s
    4. Adding a custom Read More link
      3m 48s
    5. Adding featured images
      4m 0s
    6. Creating custom pagination navigation
      6m 4s
    7. Highlighting Sticky Posts
      2m 55s
    8. Creating custom post format templates
      5m 30s
    9. Highlighting the most recent post in the index template
      7m 22s
    10. Embracing modular design
      2m 29s
    11. Working with archive.php
      5m 54s
    12. Customizing the search results and the 404 template
      8m 28s
  13. 9m 7s
    1. Styling pages
      3m 4s
    2. Creating custom page templates
      6m 3s
  14. 4m 30s
    1. Adding editor styles to match front-end styles
      4m 30s
  15. 2m 20s
    1. Further learning
      2m 20s

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WordPress: Building Themes from Scratch With Underscores
6h 23m Advanced Jun 11, 2014

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Ready for your next WordPress challenge? Learn how to build more complex custom themes using the _s (aka Underscores) starter theme. Morten Rand-Hendriksen takes you from basic layout and customization to enabling advanced responsive design and accessibility features. He reinforces the basics lessons with DRY (don't repeat yourself) development practices and a structured approach that will help you build WordPress themes that meet modern standards. Plus, he'll explore core concepts like understanding the WordPress template hierarchy, creating functions, adding custom JavaScript, applying styles, and more.

Topics include:
  • Installing WordPress, Underscores, plugins, and NetBeans
  • Designing for mobile, content, and style
  • Setting up the basic theme
  • Building a custom header
  • Designing responsive, accessible menus
  • Adding a custom search form
  • Using and styling widgets
  • Adjusting the Single Post Template
  • Working with comments, featured images, index templates, and static pages
  • Adding editor styles to match front-end styles
WordPress underscores
Morten Rand-Hendriksen

Creating custom pagination navigation

An important part of index pages is the ability to quickly navigate from one page to the next and dig through the archives. By default, WordPress does a terrible job at this. If you scroll down to the bottom of an Index page, like what I've done here, you'll see you have one or two links on the bottom saying older posts and newer posts. And you can jump back and forth in time by navigating with these two links. This is neither useful nor does it tell the visitor anything about how much content is available.

A better solution would be to have paging navigation, a numbered list of pages available that shows you where in the archive you are, and allows you to jump to any page you like. The great thing is, WordPress actually has a function built-in for this, it's just rarely used. So, we're going to use that function, and replace this very unuseful navigation with very useful paging navigation. First, we need to identify the function that creates the navigation for us. Since it's on an index page, I'm going to to index.php first, and scroll down.

And here you see directly after the loop where the loop ends with an end while we have a function called My simone paging nav. so I'm going to go control or command and click on the function. And here I'm taken again to templatetags.php and here we have the function. My_simone_paging_nav and when you look inside the function, you see this is pretty much exactly the same function we had for the individual post navigation. Here we see a nav previous and nav next that points to the previous and next index pages.

What I want to do is remove this entire function and replace it with one that shows proper paging navigation and step. And the great thing is, one of the default themes that ships with WordPress. Actually already has numbered paging navigation. You can find it inside the 2014 theme. So I'm going to open the 2014 theme and the index.bhp template here. Scroll down and find the same function. So here we have 2014 paging nav. And I'll follow that link to go to that function. And this function is a far more complex one that uses the Word Press function called Paginate Links which creates that link pagination that I want to use and displays it in all the index pages.

So here, I could simply go and copy out the entire function, paste it into my template tags, and then make some changes to it. And that's exactly what we're going to do, but to simplify things, I've already done it for you and placed it in my code snippets. So I'm going to close template tags and index dot PHP from 2014. And also navigate away from 2014, so I'm not confused. Make sure I'm inside my_simone_paging_nav and here I'm first going to remove the entire function. So all the function, all the way down to end if, but you need to leave the end if.

And you see why because we first have this pluggable function that checks whether or not my simone paging nav exists. Then, I'll go to my code-snippets, and find a new function, my simone paging nav. So, it has the same name of all kick in, and the same place as before. I'll copy out the entire function, and simply paste it in. And if you compare this to the function that was inside the 2014 theme, there are only a couple of major changes. I've changed the midsize number from one to two, and I'll show you what that is in a second. I've also set the type of content to list, because the function within 2014 displaced each item just as a roll of anchors.

But I want to display it as proper unordered lists so that I can style it easily. And I've also made some very subtle changes to the output down here. Now I'm going to save template tags. You'll remember that I'm using the same function name so anywhere where the old function was called in, this new function will be called in instead. That means when I go back to my site and reload the page you'll see proper paging navigation. Now of course this requires some styling. So here I'm going to go in and apply regular styling for an un ordered list.

So I'll just copy out CSS here. Go to style.css in Mismo, and find the navigation section. And here I'll scroll down until I find a menus, and I'll just paste in my new menu after social menus and all this other stuff here, right here. Go back and check my new styles. So now the menu appears as it should with the current page highlighted and all I need to do is wrap it in a white box. So I'll add a final set of code here, and here we have a custom style just for paging navigation.

That's going to go inside content side bar because this is a layout style. So I'll go to layouts, content side bar, and here I'll just place it all the way at the bottom, save again, and reload. And all this lifestyle does is add a white box around the navigation so that it clearly separates from the background. So now we have custom navigation from within the site and you can navigate anywhere you want either by clicking next or previous or by jumping directly to a specific numbered page.

And just to explain that number I was talking about, where it says mid size, the mid size is the number of numbers you display next to the currently active page. So if we had 17 pages here, you would see one two dot dot and then you would see two numbers before the current page two numbers after the current page and then dot dot and then the last pages. So now that you have the function you can go ahead and experiment with it, and if you want to learn more about this particular function you can go to the Codex page for Paginate links.

And here you can read up on exactly how you can use it, and how you can configure that function to display the links exactly the way you want.

There are currently no FAQs about WordPress: Building Themes from Scratch Using Underscores.

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