Our website will be down for scheduled maintenance on Thursday, October 23, at 11 p.m. Pacific Time and should be back up by Midnight. We apologize for any inconvenience.

Easy-to-follow video tutorials help you learn software, creative, and business skills.Become a member

Adding the search icon

From: WordPress: Building Themes from Scratch Using Underscores

Video: Adding the search icon

Now that we have the cert form in place, and This link targets the search container ID, which is the search container down here, Now that I have my icon wrapped in the search Now these two rules, the first one targets search goggles, so the I'll save my new styles, reload the page, and now And then scroll in, and you'll see now the search item

Adding the search icon

Now that we have the cert form in place, and it's styled the way we want, we need to add that search loop icon on the far right-hand side here, so we can toggle the search form on and off. For that I'm going to use another icon from Font Awesome. This search loop and this time I'm going to insert it the way Font Awesome recommends, by using and i tag. So you see here, if I copy this code, I can insert an icon. But, what you're seeing is what I'm actually doing is just putting an empty i tag that has the fa and fa search classes.

And then you remember that what font also does is it used the before pseudo elements to inject the icon in before the content. So we're actually not placing anything in the page, we're just tricking the browser into displaying an icon that really isn't there. So I'm going to copy out this class here and then I need to open my header.php file, because it's going to be in the header. And here I'll scroll down and figure out where I want to place the icon. Now here we already have the nav menu, which is the main menu, and we have our social menu.

And I'm going to place the icon right in between the two and I'll explain why in a couple of minutes. So first, I'm just going to test whether the icon works by just pasting in the code from Font Awesome. And saving header.php. Now I can go and reload my page here and you'll see my icon appears over here but it's wrong. Now it's the wrong color it's positioned in the wrong place and it just doesn't work. Now I need to change the appearance of my icon using some styles, and for that I need to wrap the icon in a container so that I can target it with my styles.

So if you go to the code snippets for this movie you'll see here I have a code snippet for header.php. So I'll copy that out and replace this tag with my code snippet. And if we look at it, you'll see it starts with a divider that contains my icon and then I also added a link. This link targets the search container ID, which is the search container down here, and it has the screen meter text class applied so that link is hidden. It also displays the text search and it's marked up so that a translator can translate it later.

The reason why I want to provide this link is if someone is using a text to speech browser or navigating with a keyboard or something like that, they won't actually be able to access this icon. Because, as I mentioned before, this isn't actually content. It's an empty tag with nothing and then CSS is causing the icon to appear. So by adding the link we're providing real content to target if your using a different interaction method. Now that I have my icon wrapped in the search toggle class, and I have the text that's been hidden with the screen reader text class, I can add some style to my icon so I'm going to go to style dot T-S-S.

And here I am gong to navigate down to the header again, so I'll go x.x, and find the header, and scroll past until I find the search section. So here we have a header search, and I'm going to add my new styles above the search forum because the icon up here is above the search forum in the markup. I'll go back to my code snippets. And first I'll copy out the two first rules, and I'll paste them in. Now these two rules, the first one targets search goggles, so the container that wraps around the icon, it floats it to the right.

It sets a width and a height so that it matches the size of the other icons on my main menu. It sets the padding, so the icon is in the middle of the container. And it also sets the color so that the icon looks good. And finally it changes the cursor to a pointer because like I mentioned the icon isn't an actual item, so when you put your cursor on it, it's not actually something you can click on. So by setting the cursor to pointer, I'm tricking the browser into behaving as if it was clickable. Then I have another selector called search toggle hover, and search toggle active.

And all this does is it adds that grey background, so when we hover over the icon, it gets the gray background as if it's active. I'll save my new styles, reload the page, and now you see the search icon appears here on the right hand side and it behaves just like the other buttons and now I can also show you why I placed a search icon. In the middle, in between the two menus. If I resize the screen here, you'll see that when I get to a certain point, the social menu drops down, but I want the search icon to appear on the righthand side of the top for as long as possible.

So by placing it in between the two items, the social menu drops down, but the search icon stays. This is purely for me, so if you want to change it that's fine. It's just some thing that I personally think should work this way. But if you look closely now, you'll see there is a small error in my site, because I am able to scroll to the side. And this is actually a problem that's been present ever since we started the project. And what's happening here is the hidden text that's applied to the search icon that says search, is spanning beyond the edge of the content and is pushing the browser out.

And this is due to what I think is an error in the underscore style sheet. So what we need to do before we can do anything else, is fix that error. So I'm going to go into the style sheet here, and I'm going to search for the class that hides the text, which is screen reader text. And here you see the screen reader text class currently says clip and position. So I'm going to add one more item here. I'm going to say write 0. And that forces anything that's displayed with a screen reader text or hidden with a screen reader text, to jam to the right hand side of the container.

That means it'll never spill beyond the edge of the browser window. So when I save this and reload my page, you'll see that the scrolling bar at the bottom disappears, and now I don't have that arrow on my page anymore. Now there's only one thing left to do. I need to re-size my screen and see what happens when we get to a smaller screen. And again just like with everything else, you see that when we get to that six hundred break point my new icon drops down and behaves funny. So here again we have to add a media query.

So I'll go to my code snippets for one more time. And here at the bottom I have a media query. So I copy out the media query, go to the style sheet, and here I need to find my search toggle again. And then I will paste in the media query directly below search toggle hover. Go back to the browser, reload the page one last time. And then scroll in, and you'll see now the search item will appear at the top when we are on smaller screens. So now, we have the two pieces we need.

We have the toggle button, and we have the search form. And all that's left is to hide the search form, and then show it when we click on the toggle button.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 10m 55s
    1. Welcome
      1m 4s
    2. What to know before you start this course
      2m 40s
    3. How this course and the lesson files work
      3m 12s
    4. Introducing Simone: A preview of the final project
      3m 59s
  2. 21m 28s
    1. Installing and running WordPress on your computer
      3m 53s
    2. Getting and installing Underscores
      4m 11s
    3. Installing WordPress Theme Unit Test data
      4m 18s
    4. Installing the Developer plugin
      2m 58s
    5. Installing and setting up NetBeans or another IDE
      6m 8s
  3. 16m 15s
    1. Designing for mobile, content, and style
      4m 52s
    2. How do WordPress themes work?
      4m 48s
    3. Understanding the WordPress template hierarchy
      2m 19s
    4. Underscores: An overview
      4m 16s
  4. 37m 5s
    1. Setting up style.css
      4m 47s
    2. Configuring baseline settings and functions
      6m 6s
    3. Enabling custom fonts and font icons
      5m 44s
    4. Applying global styles
      5m 11s
    5. Styling basic layout components
      6m 19s
    6. Making the site layout responsive
      8m 58s
  5. 23m 18s
    1. Styling the default header
      6m 25s
    2. Hiding the site title and tagline
      5m 32s
    3. Adding an optional header image function
      5m 23s
    4. Placing the header image behind the site title
      5m 58s
  6. 40m 55s
    1. Setting up menus
      3m 12s
    2. Styling the menu
      7m 42s
    3. Using Superfish for accessible menus
      8m 0s
    4. Making the menu responsive
      7m 3s
    5. Creating a custom social media menu
      5m 51s
    6. Styling the menu with icons from Font Awesome
      9m 7s
  7. 18m 9s
    1. Adding the search form
      6m 27s
    2. Adding the search icon
      6m 55s
    3. Adding show/hide functionality to the search form with jQuery
      4m 47s
  8. 33m 20s
    1. Adding a widgetized area to the footer
      7m 10s
    2. Using the Monster widget plugin to test all widgets
      2m 11s
    3. Styling the footer
      3m 6s
    4. General widget styling
      5m 33s
    5. Adding custom styles to specific widgets
      7m 34s
    6. Using Masonry to make footer widgets responsive
      7m 46s
  9. 54m 49s
    1. Changing the Single Post Template content structure
      5m 54s
    2. Changing the output of meta elements
      7m 2s
    3. Styling the Single Post Template
      7m 57s
    4. Making post meta responsive
      6m 21s
    5. Styling blockquotes
      5m 39s
    6. Creating pull quotes and pull images
      5m 1s
    7. Working with image captions
      4m 27s
    8. Working with image galleries
      4m 57s
    9. Single-post navigation
      7m 31s
  10. 30m 23s
    1. Working with the comments template
      8m 42s
    2. Using Gravatars in comments
      2m 42s
    3. Styling comments
      7m 26s
    4. Highlighting post author comments
      3m 36s
    5. Styling the comment form and messages
      7m 57s
  11. 18m 43s
    1. How do featured images (post thumbnails) work?
      2m 57s
    2. Defining featured image sizes
      3m 30s
    3. Generating new featured images with a plugin
      1m 46s
    4. Adding featured images to a template
      5m 7s
    5. Styling the featured image
      5m 23s
  12. 1h 2m
    1. The index template hierarchy
      2m 21s
    2. Customizing and styling index templates
      10m 10s
    3. Displaying excerpts or full content on index pages
      3m 6s
    4. Adding a custom Read More link
      3m 48s
    5. Adding featured images
      4m 0s
    6. Creating custom pagination navigation
      6m 4s
    7. Highlighting Sticky Posts
      2m 55s
    8. Creating custom post format templates
      5m 30s
    9. Highlighting the most recent post in the index template
      7m 22s
    10. Embracing modular design
      2m 29s
    11. Working with archive.php
      5m 54s
    12. Customizing the search results and the 404 template
      8m 28s
  13. 9m 7s
    1. Styling pages
      3m 4s
    2. Creating custom page templates
      6m 3s
  14. 4m 30s
    1. Adding editor styles to match front-end styles
      4m 30s
  15. 2m 20s
    1. Further learning
      2m 20s

Start learning today

Get unlimited access to all courses for just $25/month.

Become a member
Sometimes @lynda teaches me how to use a program and sometimes Lynda.com changes my life forever. @JosefShutter
@lynda lynda.com is an absolute life saver when it comes to learning todays software. Definitely recommend it! #higherlearning @Michael_Caraway
@lynda The best thing online! Your database of courses is great! To the mark and very helpful. Thanks! @ru22more
Got to create something yesterday I never thought I could do. #thanks @lynda @Ngventurella
I really do love @lynda as a learning platform. Never stop learning and developing, it’s probably our greatest gift as a species! @soundslikedavid
@lynda just subscribed to lynda.com all I can say its brilliant join now trust me @ButchSamurai
@lynda is an awesome resource. The membership is priceless if you take advantage of it. @diabetic_techie
One of the best decision I made this year. Buy a 1yr subscription to @lynda @cybercaptive
guys lynda.com (@lynda) is the best. So far I’ve learned Java, principles of OO programming, and now learning about MS project @lucasmitchell
Signed back up to @lynda dot com. I’ve missed it!! Proper geeking out right now! #timetolearn #geek @JayGodbold
Share a link to this course

What are exercise files?

Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course. Save time by downloading the author's files instead of setting up your own files, and learn by following along with the instructor.

Can I take this course without the exercise files?

Yes! If you decide you would like the exercise files later, you can upgrade to a premium account any time.

Become a member Download sample files See plans and pricing

Please wait... please wait ...
Upgrade to get access to exercise files.

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Learn by watching, listening, and doing, Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along Premium memberships include access to all exercise files in the library.


Exercise files

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

For additional information on downloading and using exercise files, watch our instructional video or read the instructions in the FAQ .

This course includes free exercise files, so you can practice while you watch the course. To access all the exercise files in our library, become a Premium Member.

Are you sure you want to mark all the videos in this course as unwatched?

This will not affect your course history, your reports, or your certificates of completion for this course.


Mark all as unwatched Cancel

Congratulations

You have completed WordPress: Building Themes from Scratch Using Underscores.

Return to your organization's learning portal to continue training, or close this page.


OK
Become a member to add this course to a playlist

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses—and create as many playlists as you like.

Get started

Already a member ?

Become a member to like this course.

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses.

Get started

Already a member?

Exercise files

Learn by watching, listening, and doing! Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along. Exercise files are available with all Premium memberships. Learn more

Get started

Already a Premium member?

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Ask a question

Thanks for contacting us.
You’ll hear from our Customer Service team within 24 hours.

Please enter the text shown below:

The classic layout automatically defaults to the latest Flash Player.

To choose a different player, hold the cursor over your name at the top right of any lynda.com page and choose Site preferences from the dropdown menu.

Continue to classic layout Stay on new layout
Exercise files

Access exercise files from a button right under the course name.

Mark videos as unwatched

Remove icons showing you already watched videos if you want to start over.

Control your viewing experience

Make the video wide, narrow, full-screen, or pop the player out of the page into its own window.

Interactive transcripts

Click on text in the transcript to jump to that spot in the video. As the video plays, the relevant spot in the transcript will be highlighted.

Are you sure you want to delete this note?

No

Your file was successfully uploaded.

Thanks for signing up.

We’ll send you a confirmation email shortly.


Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

Keep up with news, tips, and latest courses with emails from lynda.com.

Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

   
submit Lightbox submit clicked
Terms and conditions of use

We've updated our terms and conditions (now called terms of service).Go
Review and accept our updated terms of service.