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Video: Adding the search icon

Adding the search icon provides you with in-depth training on Web. Taught by Morten Rand-Hendriksen as part of the WordPress: Building Themes from Scratch Using Underscores
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  1. 10m 55s
    1. Welcome
      1m 4s
    2. What to know before you start this course
      2m 40s
    3. How this course and the lesson files work
      3m 12s
    4. Introducing Simone: A preview of the final project
      3m 59s
  2. 21m 28s
    1. Installing and running WordPress on your computer
      3m 53s
    2. Getting and installing Underscores
      4m 11s
    3. Installing WordPress Theme Unit Test data
      4m 18s
    4. Installing the Developer plugin
      2m 58s
    5. Installing and setting up NetBeans or another IDE
      6m 8s
  3. 16m 15s
    1. Designing for mobile, content, and style
      4m 52s
    2. How do WordPress themes work?
      4m 48s
    3. Understanding the WordPress template hierarchy
      2m 19s
    4. Underscores: An overview
      4m 16s
  4. 37m 5s
    1. Setting up style.css
      4m 47s
    2. Configuring baseline settings and functions
      6m 6s
    3. Enabling custom fonts and font icons
      5m 44s
    4. Applying global styles
      5m 11s
    5. Styling basic layout components
      6m 19s
    6. Making the site layout responsive
      8m 58s
  5. 23m 18s
    1. Styling the default header
      6m 25s
    2. Hiding the site title and tagline
      5m 32s
    3. Adding an optional header image function
      5m 23s
    4. Placing the header image behind the site title
      5m 58s
  6. 40m 55s
    1. Setting up menus
      3m 12s
    2. Styling the menu
      7m 42s
    3. Using Superfish for accessible menus
      8m 0s
    4. Making the menu responsive
      7m 3s
    5. Creating a custom social media menu
      5m 51s
    6. Styling the menu with icons from Font Awesome
      9m 7s
  7. 18m 9s
    1. Adding the search form
      6m 27s
    2. Adding the search icon
      6m 55s
    3. Adding show/hide functionality to the search form with jQuery
      4m 47s
  8. 33m 20s
    1. Adding a widgetized area to the footer
      7m 10s
    2. Using the Monster widget plugin to test all widgets
      2m 11s
    3. Styling the footer
      3m 6s
    4. General widget styling
      5m 33s
    5. Adding custom styles to specific widgets
      7m 34s
    6. Using Masonry to make footer widgets responsive
      7m 46s
  9. 54m 49s
    1. Changing the Single Post Template content structure
      5m 54s
    2. Changing the output of meta elements
      7m 2s
    3. Styling the Single Post Template
      7m 57s
    4. Making post meta responsive
      6m 21s
    5. Styling blockquotes
      5m 39s
    6. Creating pull quotes and pull images
      5m 1s
    7. Working with image captions
      4m 27s
    8. Working with image galleries
      4m 57s
    9. Single-post navigation
      7m 31s
  10. 30m 23s
    1. Working with the comments template
      8m 42s
    2. Using Gravatars in comments
      2m 42s
    3. Styling comments
      7m 26s
    4. Highlighting post author comments
      3m 36s
    5. Styling the comment form and messages
      7m 57s
  11. 18m 43s
    1. How do featured images (post thumbnails) work?
      2m 57s
    2. Defining featured image sizes
      3m 30s
    3. Generating new featured images with a plugin
      1m 46s
    4. Adding featured images to a template
      5m 7s
    5. Styling the featured image
      5m 23s
  12. 1h 2m
    1. The index template hierarchy
      2m 21s
    2. Customizing and styling index templates
      10m 10s
    3. Displaying excerpts or full content on index pages
      3m 6s
    4. Adding a custom Read More link
      3m 48s
    5. Adding featured images
      4m 0s
    6. Creating custom pagination navigation
      6m 4s
    7. Highlighting Sticky Posts
      2m 55s
    8. Creating custom post format templates
      5m 30s
    9. Highlighting the most recent post in the index template
      7m 22s
    10. Embracing modular design
      2m 29s
    11. Working with archive.php
      5m 54s
    12. Customizing the search results and the 404 template
      8m 28s
  13. 9m 7s
    1. Styling pages
      3m 4s
    2. Creating custom page templates
      6m 3s
  14. 4m 30s
    1. Adding editor styles to match front-end styles
      4m 30s
  15. 2m 20s
    1. Further learning
      2m 20s

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WordPress: Building Themes from Scratch With Underscores
Video Duration: 6m 55s6h 23m Advanced Jun 11, 2014

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

View Course Description

Ready for your next WordPress challenge? Learn how to build more complex custom themes using the _s (aka Underscores) starter theme. Morten Rand-Hendriksen takes you from basic layout and customization to enabling advanced responsive design and accessibility features. He reinforces the basics lessons with DRY (don't repeat yourself) development practices and a structured approach that will help you build WordPress themes that meet modern standards. Plus, he'll explore core concepts like understanding the WordPress template hierarchy, creating functions, adding custom JavaScript, applying styles, and more.

Topics include:
  • Installing WordPress, Underscores, plugins, and NetBeans
  • Designing for mobile, content, and style
  • Setting up the basic theme
  • Building a custom header
  • Designing responsive, accessible menus
  • Adding a custom search form
  • Using and styling widgets
  • Adjusting the Single Post Template
  • Working with comments, featured images, index templates, and static pages
  • Adding editor styles to match front-end styles
WordPress underscores
Morten Rand-Hendriksen

Adding the search icon

Now that we have the cert form in place, and it's styled the way we want, we need to add that search loop icon on the far right-hand side here, so we can toggle the search form on and off. For that I'm going to use another icon from Font Awesome. This search loop and this time I'm going to insert it the way Font Awesome recommends, by using and i tag. So you see here, if I copy this code, I can insert an icon. But, what you're seeing is what I'm actually doing is just putting an empty i tag that has the fa and fa search classes.

And then you remember that what font also does is it used the before pseudo elements to inject the icon in before the content. So we're actually not placing anything in the page, we're just tricking the browser into displaying an icon that really isn't there. So I'm going to copy out this class here and then I need to open my header.php file, because it's going to be in the header. And here I'll scroll down and figure out where I want to place the icon. Now here we already have the nav menu, which is the main menu, and we have our social menu.

And I'm going to place the icon right in between the two and I'll explain why in a couple of minutes. So first, I'm just going to test whether the icon works by just pasting in the code from Font Awesome. And saving header.php. Now I can go and reload my page here and you'll see my icon appears over here but it's wrong. Now it's the wrong color it's positioned in the wrong place and it just doesn't work. Now I need to change the appearance of my icon using some styles, and for that I need to wrap the icon in a container so that I can target it with my styles.

So if you go to the code snippets for this movie you'll see here I have a code snippet for header.php. So I'll copy that out and replace this tag with my code snippet. And if we look at it, you'll see it starts with a divider that contains my icon and then I also added a link. This link targets the search container ID, which is the search container down here, and it has the screen meter text class applied so that link is hidden. It also displays the text search and it's marked up so that a translator can translate it later.

The reason why I want to provide this link is if someone is using a text to speech browser or navigating with a keyboard or something like that, they won't actually be able to access this icon. Because, as I mentioned before, this isn't actually content. It's an empty tag with nothing and then CSS is causing the icon to appear. So by adding the link we're providing real content to target if your using a different interaction method. Now that I have my icon wrapped in the search toggle class, and I have the text that's been hidden with the screen reader text class, I can add some style to my icon so I'm going to go to style dot T-S-S.

And here I am gong to navigate down to the header again, so I'll go x.x, and find the header, and scroll past until I find the search section. So here we have a header search, and I'm going to add my new styles above the search forum because the icon up here is above the search forum in the markup. I'll go back to my code snippets. And first I'll copy out the two first rules, and I'll paste them in. Now these two rules, the first one targets search goggles, so the container that wraps around the icon, it floats it to the right.

It sets a width and a height so that it matches the size of the other icons on my main menu. It sets the padding, so the icon is in the middle of the container. And it also sets the color so that the icon looks good. And finally it changes the cursor to a pointer because like I mentioned the icon isn't an actual item, so when you put your cursor on it, it's not actually something you can click on. So by setting the cursor to pointer, I'm tricking the browser into behaving as if it was clickable. Then I have another selector called search toggle hover, and search toggle active.

And all this does is it adds that grey background, so when we hover over the icon, it gets the gray background as if it's active. I'll save my new styles, reload the page, and now you see the search icon appears here on the right hand side and it behaves just like the other buttons and now I can also show you why I placed a search icon. In the middle, in between the two menus. If I resize the screen here, you'll see that when I get to a certain point, the social menu drops down, but I want the search icon to appear on the righthand side of the top for as long as possible.

So by placing it in between the two items, the social menu drops down, but the search icon stays. This is purely for me, so if you want to change it that's fine. It's just some thing that I personally think should work this way. But if you look closely now, you'll see there is a small error in my site, because I am able to scroll to the side. And this is actually a problem that's been present ever since we started the project. And what's happening here is the hidden text that's applied to the search icon that says search, is spanning beyond the edge of the content and is pushing the browser out.

And this is due to what I think is an error in the underscore style sheet. So what we need to do before we can do anything else, is fix that error. So I'm going to go into the style sheet here, and I'm going to search for the class that hides the text, which is screen reader text. And here you see the screen reader text class currently says clip and position. So I'm going to add one more item here. I'm going to say write 0. And that forces anything that's displayed with a screen reader text or hidden with a screen reader text, to jam to the right hand side of the container.

That means it'll never spill beyond the edge of the browser window. So when I save this and reload my page, you'll see that the scrolling bar at the bottom disappears, and now I don't have that arrow on my page anymore. Now there's only one thing left to do. I need to re-size my screen and see what happens when we get to a smaller screen. And again just like with everything else, you see that when we get to that six hundred break point my new icon drops down and behaves funny. So here again we have to add a media query.

So I'll go to my code snippets for one more time. And here at the bottom I have a media query. So I copy out the media query, go to the style sheet, and here I need to find my search toggle again. And then I will paste in the media query directly below search toggle hover. Go back to the browser, reload the page one last time. And then scroll in, and you'll see now the search item will appear at the top when we are on smaller screens. So now, we have the two pieces we need.

We have the toggle button, and we have the search form. And all that's left is to hide the search form, and then show it when we click on the toggle button.

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