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Adding featured images

From: WordPress: Building Themes from Scratch Using Underscores

Video: Adding featured images

At this point, our content is displaying the way we want, but we're still And paste it in where I want the featured image to appear.

Adding featured images

At this point, our content is displaying the way we want, but we're still missing one crucial component in our index pages, and that is the featured image. Looking back at our design, you'll see we have a small featured image that appears at the top of each of our index page posts. So now we need to add that featured image into the content template. Previously in the course, we added featured images to our single post templates. So now I can simply go to content-single, and grab the code that we used previously.

Copy it out. And paste it in where I want the featured image to appear. And I want it to appear within my index box so that it's confined within the same parameters. So I'm just going to paste it in directly under index-box. And then we have to make a couple small changes. First I don't need this image-shifter div so I'm going to remove it. And the end div. I also want to target the index thumb which is a smaller image so I'm going to change this to index-thumb. And then finally I want to be able to click on the index image to go directly to the post.

So here I need to wrap the index image in a link. So here, I'm going to grab some existing code I already have in my template. So I'll scroll down to the footer and find the line where I created a link that points to the post and has the continue reading text. And I'll just copy out the function within here. So echo, all the way to semi-colon. Copy it. And I'll scroll back up. And I'm going to wrap this around the image itself. So I'm going to put it inside the div.

So here I'll paste it in. And then of course, I need to make a couple of changes to it. So here it says continue reading. So I'm going to change this to click to read. And then it'll say the title of the post. And then I'm going to take away this end part, because we're going to wrap this anchor around the image. So I'll just take out the actual wording and also the end a. And then I'll place a new line directly below echo the_post_thumbnail. And here I'll say, echo. And I'll just close the a tag.

And end the line. And now I can save my contents and reload my page. And for every post that has a featured image it'll now see the featured image up here at the top. And then you see the post. And you can click on the featured image to go directly to the post. But now you see we have a bit of a layout problem. The featured image is being affected by the layout styles of the index box. So, it's being shifted down 1 em, and then it's also jamming up against the title. So, I need to add some classes to shift the image up so that it lays out nicely and so that it's full bleed with the top of the index box.

To do that, I'm going to go to my code snippets. Here at the top I have the in content full function. And, what I've done here is change the class of the divider that wraps around the index image to small-index-thumbnail. So I'm going to go and change it here to small-index-thumbnail. And now we can make a CSS rule that targets small index thumbnails. So I'm going to to to style.css. And here I'm going to find my featured images. And you'll remember that I placed my featured images at the very bottom, inside the media section.

So I'll go and find media first. And within media, there's a section for featured images at the bottom. And I'm going to scroll to the bottom of that section. And here, I'll go and copy in this single rule. And all this rule does, is it sets the margin-top to minus one em, to shift the image up, and then it gives you one em margin at the bottom. Save the stylesheet, reload the page. The image shifts up, gets a nice margin on the bottom. And now you see, as we scroll down, that each of the posts that have featured images have images that line up nicely, and the posts are now matching our designs perfectly.

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This video is part of

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  1. 10m 55s
    1. Welcome
      1m 4s
    2. What to know before you start this course
      2m 40s
    3. How this course and the lesson files work
      3m 12s
    4. Introducing Simone: A preview of the final project
      3m 59s
  2. 21m 28s
    1. Installing and running WordPress on your computer
      3m 53s
    2. Getting and installing Underscores
      4m 11s
    3. Installing WordPress Theme Unit Test data
      4m 18s
    4. Installing the Developer plugin
      2m 58s
    5. Installing and setting up NetBeans or another IDE
      6m 8s
  3. 16m 15s
    1. Designing for mobile, content, and style
      4m 52s
    2. How do WordPress themes work?
      4m 48s
    3. Understanding the WordPress template hierarchy
      2m 19s
    4. Underscores: An overview
      4m 16s
  4. 37m 5s
    1. Setting up style.css
      4m 47s
    2. Configuring baseline settings and functions
      6m 6s
    3. Enabling custom fonts and font icons
      5m 44s
    4. Applying global styles
      5m 11s
    5. Styling basic layout components
      6m 19s
    6. Making the site layout responsive
      8m 58s
  5. 23m 18s
    1. Styling the default header
      6m 25s
    2. Hiding the site title and tagline
      5m 32s
    3. Adding an optional header image function
      5m 23s
    4. Placing the header image behind the site title
      5m 58s
  6. 40m 55s
    1. Setting up menus
      3m 12s
    2. Styling the menu
      7m 42s
    3. Using Superfish for accessible menus
      8m 0s
    4. Making the menu responsive
      7m 3s
    5. Creating a custom social media menu
      5m 51s
    6. Styling the menu with icons from Font Awesome
      9m 7s
  7. 18m 9s
    1. Adding the search form
      6m 27s
    2. Adding the search icon
      6m 55s
    3. Adding show/hide functionality to the search form with jQuery
      4m 47s
  8. 33m 20s
    1. Adding a widgetized area to the footer
      7m 10s
    2. Using the Monster widget plugin to test all widgets
      2m 11s
    3. Styling the footer
      3m 6s
    4. General widget styling
      5m 33s
    5. Adding custom styles to specific widgets
      7m 34s
    6. Using Masonry to make footer widgets responsive
      7m 46s
  9. 54m 49s
    1. Changing the Single Post Template content structure
      5m 54s
    2. Changing the output of meta elements
      7m 2s
    3. Styling the Single Post Template
      7m 57s
    4. Making post meta responsive
      6m 21s
    5. Styling blockquotes
      5m 39s
    6. Creating pull quotes and pull images
      5m 1s
    7. Working with image captions
      4m 27s
    8. Working with image galleries
      4m 57s
    9. Single-post navigation
      7m 31s
  10. 30m 23s
    1. Working with the comments template
      8m 42s
    2. Using Gravatars in comments
      2m 42s
    3. Styling comments
      7m 26s
    4. Highlighting post author comments
      3m 36s
    5. Styling the comment form and messages
      7m 57s
  11. 18m 43s
    1. How do featured images (post thumbnails) work?
      2m 57s
    2. Defining featured image sizes
      3m 30s
    3. Generating new featured images with a plugin
      1m 46s
    4. Adding featured images to a template
      5m 7s
    5. Styling the featured image
      5m 23s
  12. 1h 2m
    1. The index template hierarchy
      2m 21s
    2. Customizing and styling index templates
      10m 10s
    3. Displaying excerpts or full content on index pages
      3m 6s
    4. Adding a custom Read More link
      3m 48s
    5. Adding featured images
      4m 0s
    6. Creating custom pagination navigation
      6m 4s
    7. Highlighting Sticky Posts
      2m 55s
    8. Creating custom post format templates
      5m 30s
    9. Highlighting the most recent post in the index template
      7m 22s
    10. Embracing modular design
      2m 29s
    11. Working with archive.php
      5m 54s
    12. Customizing the search results and the 404 template
      8m 28s
  13. 9m 7s
    1. Styling pages
      3m 4s
    2. Creating custom page templates
      6m 3s
  14. 4m 30s
    1. Adding editor styles to match front-end styles
      4m 30s
  15. 2m 20s
    1. Further learning
      2m 20s

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