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Later in Lesson 04 we'll learn various keyframing strategies for improving your Rotoscoping technique, but first we have to see how keyframes are actually created in mocha. You'll notice there's no green dots on the timeline that mark the keyframes, but if I select the control points with a Ctrl+A, suddenly we get our green dots. Also, notice the control point colors. If I move off a keyframe they lose the little white dot in the center. So when you see that white dot in the center of a control point, you know you're on a keyframe.
Now let's take a look at the Autokey button right here. By default it's on. So I can move to a new keyframe over here, select all the points, move them over, and I get a new keyframe. Of course, I can touch up the rotation a little bit, maybe select some points here and pull them down to get my new keyframe. Notice when there is no control point selected all the green dots disappear.
So you have to have at least one control point selected in order to see your keyframes on the timeline. Now there is another thing you'll want to know about. If we turn Auto-Keyframing off and then I move the playhead to a new frame, you'll notice that we can't edit the spline. With Auto-Keyframing turned off you have to set the keyframe yourself. So I can come down here and click on the Add a keyframe button and now I can pick up and move my spline and have a whole new keyframe.
So with keyframing turned off you have to set a keyframe before you can edit the spline. With Auto-Keyframing on you're good to go. Now if you have to do an undo and a redo you got two ways, of course. One, you can come up here and click on the Undo and here is your Redo, or using the hotkeys from the keyboard you can do Ctrl+Command+Z to Undo and Shift+Ctrl+Z or Shift+Command+Z to Redo. I'll switch back to my Selection Tool with the Ctrl+F or Command+F. Now let's take a look at the Uber-key down here.
I'm going to turn Auto-Keyframing on, because that's normally the way you work. Watch what happens when I turn on the Uber-key. Auto-Keyframing turned off. The Uber-key is designed to introduce a global offset in your spline like this. I'm going to move the playhead to any arbitrary location, but the key is I have the control point selected. Now watch the cursor. You see that funny looking cursor with the little arrows? That's telling you that the Uber -key is going to apply a global offset for the entire timeline on this particular shape, no matter where the playhead is when you do it.
So I'm going to just click-and-drag and move it up like this, and now if I move the playhead you can see that it's got a constant offset over the entire timeline. The purpose of the Uber-key is if you got a new version of the same clip, but it had been repositioned for some reason, you can use the Uber-key to do a global repositioning of all of your Splines so you don't have to redo every single keyframe. So I'm going to undo that with Ctrl+Z and turn the Auto-Keyframing back on, because that's your normal default setup.
Next, let's take a look at the keyframe controls. Keyframing has two different modes, Spline Keyframing, which is the default, and Point. With Spline Keyframing, if you touch one control point in a spline all of them will get a control point. In the Point Mode only the control points you adjust get a keyframe. So let's see how that works. You'll find the Keyframe Control right here in the View menu and then you have to turn on Keyframe Control and you get this new little menu here.
I'll turn off the Zoom window and re-home the viewer. So we can see that the Keyframe Control by default is keyframing by the whole Spline. Let's see what that means. I'm going to draw a little simple shape right here and if I select any point I will see it lights up on the timeline. I'll move the playhead to frame 2 and I'll just take this one control point and move it out. Now because we're in Spline Keyframe mode, every control point on the Spline got a keyframe.
So if I deselect, my green dots go away. I pick any other control point and demonstrate that that they have a keyframe on the timeline. I'll move the playhead to frame 3. I'll pick the three remaining points and then scooch them over to the one I've already moved. Now watch the behavior as I move the timeline back to frame 2 and frame 1. So you see the three control points were stuck in position, because they had a keyframe on frame 2.
Then they all jump over together on frame 3. That's in Spline Mode. Touch one control point, all of the control points get a keyframe. Let's try something else. I'll put the playhead back to frame 1, I'll switch the keyframing control to Points, draw a new Spline. Again, light up one control point, I see it on the timeline. I'll move the playhead to frame 2. Do exactly the same thing we did before. Move this control point out here and again he has a keyframe on the timeline, but if I select any of the other points, no keyframe on the timeline.
We'll go to frame 3. I'll pick the three remaining points, move them up there, and I'll deselect. Let me turn the viewer brightness down so that you can see those better. Now look at the difference in behavior of these two splines. So as I move these between their three keyframes you can see they have entirely different behaviors. The bottom one only has keyframes on frame 1 and 3 for the three outside points whereas the top one has keyframes on every frame for every point.
So that's the story about keyframing controls in mocha. Again, be sure to use the Uber-key carefully. It adds a constant offset to all your spline locations, so if you make a mistake, to fix it you'd have to turn on that Uber -key again and reposition your splines.
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