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Mastering audio is the final stage in music production, where the final set of mixed songs are turned into a cohesive album through a variety of processes that make the music sound the best it can, wherever it's played. Join author and producer Bobby Owsinski in this course, as he teaches essential mastering concepts and techniques used by experienced audio engineers. Follow along as he works at Oasis Mastering, a real-world mastering facility, and learn how to apply these techniques to your home or studio setup and make your projects sound better than ever.
First, discover how to configure your monitoring setup, optimize your listening environment, and prepare and print alternative mixes that will allow you to make quick fixes during mastering. Bobby then reviews a selection of dedicated mastering tools that give you precise control over select signal parameters, from compressors to de-essers. He'll discuss the differences between mastering for CD, online distribution, and specifically for iTunes, and how to achieve the best results for each medium. The course wraps with lessons on mastering for high-resolution formats like Blu-ray, as well as delivering and archiving the master recording once the project is complete.
An MP3 file contains not only the actual audio, but also information about that song called metadata. You can think of metadata as a small database associated with each song, within that database, there are tags that identify that Song's Name, the Artist, Album, Musical Genre, Release Year, and a lot more. Obviously those tags tell more about the file than a file name ever could. You can have an MP3 called jjbr#$.mp3, but as long as it has accurate tags your iPod will identify it as Electrolux by SNEW of the What's It To Ya Album.
The most common metadata fields added to MP3 files are the track title, the artist that recorded that track, which album the track belongs to, the track number from the album, the year that the track was published, the genre of the track like speech or rock or pop, additional notes about the track, a copyright notice by the copyright holder and a thumbnail of the album art or artist. In addition of these common fields other data can be included, such as web addresses, composer, conductor, orchestra, other things as well.
Although we mostly associate metadata with MP3s, it's also supported by Ogg Vorbis, FLAC, AAC, Windows Media Audio, and a few other file formats that aren't used that often. It's critical that the metadata be accurate, otherwise an MP3 player may not be able to sort or identify songs correctly. So make sure that you take the time to fill in all the metadata fields before you release your MP3 to the world. Even though there are plenty of MP3 editors that allow listeners to insert the data after the fact, wouldn't you prefer that it comes from you?
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