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Mastering audio is the final stage in music production, where the final set of mixed songs are turned into a cohesive album through a variety of processes that make the music sound the best it can, wherever it's played. Join author and producer Bobby Owsinski in this course, as he teaches essential mastering concepts and techniques used by experienced audio engineers. Follow along as he works at Oasis Mastering, a real-world mastering facility, and learn how to apply these techniques to your home or studio setup and make your projects sound better than ever.
First, discover how to configure your monitoring setup, optimize your listening environment, and prepare and print alternative mixes that will allow you to make quick fixes during mastering. Bobby then reviews a selection of dedicated mastering tools that give you precise control over select signal parameters, from compressors to de-essers. He'll discuss the differences between mastering for CD, online distribution, and specifically for iTunes, and how to achieve the best results for each medium. The course wraps with lessons on mastering for high-resolution formats like Blu-ray, as well as delivering and archiving the master recording once the project is complete.
Adjusting the attack and release controls on the Compressor and/or Limiter can have a surprising effect on the program sound. Slower release settings will usually make the gain changes less audible, but will also lower the perceived volume. (music playing) A slower attack setting will tend to ignore the drums and other fast signals, but will react to the vocals and bass.
A slow attack setting might also allow transients to overload the next piece of equipment in the chain. (music playing) It's also possible that any gain changes on the compressor caused by drum hits can pull down the level of the vocals and bass they cause overall volume changes in the program. (music playing) Usually only the fastest attack and release setting will make the sound pump or distort.
(music playing) Also, the more bouncy the level meter, the more likely that the compression will be audible. Quite passages that are too loud and noisy are usually a giveaway that you're seriously over compressing. (music playing) So don't just set those attack and release controls to the middle and forget about them, they can make a big difference on your final mastered sound.
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