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In this chapter, we're going to look at using iOS' built-in web browser Safari to surf the web, and we'll see some other cool tricks you can do while you're surfing around on the Internet. Let's begin with a quick tour around Safari. You launch Safari by tapping its icon. Now, I'm looking at a new blank browser window. If you've previously used Safari, you'll most likely see the last page you were browsing when you reopen it. Let's start our tour at the top of the screen, and work our way down. First, we have the address bar. This is where you enter the URL or address of the website you want to visit.
Just tap in the field once, and type in the address of the website you want to see. For example, maybe I want to visit apple.com. Notice that you have a '.com' button here so you can just tap it once to add the .com to the address. Now, before we visit apple.com, I'm going to delete the .com, and show you another cool tip. Hold down on the .com button. And after a second, you get the other options of .net, .edu, .us, and .org. So, you also don't have to type out those options if the website you're visiting ends with one of them. Also, if you have international keyboards activated as we saw how to do earlier, the corresponding domains will also show up.
For example, if you have the Chinese keyboard set up, you'll see .hk, .tw, and so on. But I want to go to apple.com, so I'll leave it as is and tap Go. So now, I'm looking at apple.com on my iPhone, and I'm seeing it exactly as it looks on a browser on a computer. Notice how quickly it loaded too. When you're on a Wi-Fi network, web pages will load just about as fast on your iPhone or iPod touch as they do on your computer. If you're on an iPhone and you're connected to your cellular provider's network, your speed is going to depend on which network type you're connected to. The older 3G networks will tend to load pages very slowly, while LTE networks may provide faster service than even some home Wi-Fi services. All right.
So, that's the address bar where you type in the address of the web pages you want to visit. The other thing I want to mention about the address bar right now is that this is also where you find the button to reload or refresh the page which is the circular arrow to the right of the field. If you need to reload the page, maybe you want to see if it's been updated since you last loaded it, just tap the Reload button. Notice while the page is loading, the Reload button turns into an X which is the Stop button. You can tap the Stop button to stop the page from loading. Lastly, when you tap into the Address bar to type in a new address, notice we have an X in a circle here.
That's the button to clear the entire address field, so you have an empty field to type in, without having to hold down the Delete button. But I do want to stay on this page for the moment, so I'll tap Cancel. All right. So, that's the Address bar. To the right of that is the Search bar. By default, Safari uses Google as its built-in search engine. So, any term, or phrase you type into the Search field will be submitted through Google. Let's tap in the Search field, and let's search for me, Garrick Chow. And I'll tap Search. Now, notice in the address bar that we're looking at the search results at Google.com.
Google is one of the many websites that recognizes when you're visiting your site on an iPhone or iPod touch, and then presents you with the page formatted to look good on your device. Notice I don't have to scroll left or right to view my results. I just scroll up and down. I can see here that lynda.com shows up as one of my top results. To visit any link on a web page, just tap it. Now, we're looking at my page on lynda.com. Let's go to the homepage. lynda.com has been optimized to detect mobile browsers, so it defaults to our mobile site on the iPhone.
Also, like many sites with mobile versions, we offer you the ability to switch to the full site. Now, it's not very easy to read the page at this size, most web pages are designed to be viewed on computer monitors, which are wider than they are tall, and we're currently browsing on the iPhone in Portrait orientation. You might find it easier to flip the phone to Landscape to view the web page. That makes things a little easier to read. The only thing about Landscape mode is you might find it more difficult to comfortably hold the phone, or iPod touch in Landscape than in Portrait.
Let's flip it back to Portrait, and I'll show you a few other ways to make web pages easier to read. Now, as you might expect, you can use the pinching out method to zoom in on a web page, and then drag around to look at different portions of the site this way. Maybe here I want to look at the blog. Having the page larger makes it much easier to click on a link. In this case, the blog opens in a new browser window, and I'll talk about that in just a moment. So, the text in the main portion of the blog here on the left side of the screen is really tiny right now because Safari loads pages so you can see their entire width.
Now, as we just saw, we can pinch out to zoom in. But a much easier and quicker method is to simply double-tap the column of text you want to read. So then, back to its original size here, and I double tap, it's resized and repositioned to perfectly fit on my screen. And I think you'd agree that the text is much easier to read at this size. Double-tapping the text again zooms back out to the Full Page Width View. Now, there's another thing about double-tapping web pages that I want to mention. When you're zoomed in, double-tapping near the top or bottom of the screen will scroll the page up or down.
The closer you tap to the top or bottom, the more the page will scroll, which is pretty cool. But if you double-tap too close to do the center, the page will just zoom out. So, it does take some practice to figure out exactly where to double-tap to scroll, and where to double-tap to zoom in and out. Also, as we've seen in other applications, tapping once at the top of the Safari screen will immediately scroll you all the way back to the top of the page. All right. Let's look at the buttons across the bottom of the screen. Currently, the first two buttons on the bottom-left are grayed out. Those are the Back and Forward buttons. I'll just click the title of this first blog post to go to that entry.
I can see now that activates the Back button. This works just like the Back button on any other web browser. Tap it once to go to the previous page. Once you've done that, the Forward button becomes available. Tap it to go to the page you were just on. The center button is the Share button, and we've seen this in action before. It gives you several options for sharing, printing, copying, or saving the content of the page you're on. We'll come back to this a little later. The Next button is for adding bookmarks, and viewing your history which are a pretty robust set of features, so we'll look at them in their own upcoming movie.
And the final button on the lower-right corner of the screen is the Pages button. Sometimes you want to visit another website or a web page without losing the page you're currently viewing. Just tap the Pages button, and here you can tap New Page to generate and open a new blank browser page. I'll tap in the address field, and let's visit apple.com again. Notice the Pages icon now has a little 3 in it indicating that I have three Safari windows open. Another scenario in which you might want to open a new window is if you want to follow a link on a web page, but again, without closing the current web page.
For example, maybe here on Apple's page, I want to tap the iPhone image to read more about the iPhone. But I also want to leave the Apple homepage open. All I have to do is hold down on the link, and after a second, some buttons appear. Select Open in New Page. And as you can see, that generates a new page and loads the Links page, and you can see the Pages button now indicates that I have 4 pages open. I can switch back and forth between my open web pages by tapping the Pages button, flicking to the one I want, and then tapping it to view it.
You can have up to 8 pages open at once. If you've reached your 8 page limit, or if you just want to close a page you no longer want open, tap the Pages button, and tap the X button to close the page. Even if you only have one page open, you can still tap the Pages button and tap the X to close it, leaving you with just a single blank browser page. Okay. So, that's the basics of loading and browsing web pages in Safari. In the rest of this chapter, we'll look at other things you can do while using Safari to surf the web.
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