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In this chapter we're going to be looking at working with photos and video on your iPhone, iPad or iPod Touch. In this movie we'll start by taking a look at how to shoot still photos with your device. So, start up the camera app up by tapping its icon. The default mode of the camera is to take still photos but make sure the selector mode here is set to photo. You can also tell you're shooting still photos when the shutter button here is a white circle with a white ring around it. In video mode it becomes a red circle. Just like with a regular camera, you can shoot in portrait or landscape mode. Notice how the camera button in the lower right hand corner, and the buttons above it rotate to indicate that the iPhone knows that it's rotated.
This ensures that when you coy your photos to your computer, you don't end up with sideways pictures that you have to rotate in your photo management software. It's a good idea to glance at the camera icon before you shoot your photo to make sure your orientation has been registered. So, to take a basic photo all you have to do is frame up the subject on the screen and press the shutter button. You hear a click and the photo is sent to your photo roll and you're instantly ready to take another photo. And this actually leads me into a new feature of the camera in iOS 7. Previously, to take a photo, you could hold your finger down on the shutter button, frame your shot, and then lift your finger to take the shot.
But in iOS 7, less than a second after you touch the shutter button, the photo will be taken. Not only that, but if you continue to hold your finger down on the shutter button, the camera will go into burst mode, meaning it will start taking a rapid succession of shots. Burst mode is actually great when your taking photos of subjects that are moving at a high speed, which traditionally will frequently result in blurry shots. But with Burst mode, you can take multiple shots at the rate of about one every half second, which increases your chances of getting the shot you want. Now, if you have an iPhone 5s, it has a unique burst mode that intelligently tries to select the best photos, but we'll look at that in its own movie.
Another way to trigger the shutter in the camera app is to use either of the volume buttons to snap your photo. Making the experience a little more like using a traditional point-and-shoot camera. Notice the yellow box that appears in the center of the screen when I hold the phone still. That's the iPhone telling me where the point of focus is. Meaning the area in the box is what the camera is using to determine the overall brightness and color cast of the photo. But your subject is not always going to be dead center in the frame. And using this default value, could make your picture too dark, or too bright. You can manually let the camera know what the important part of the picture is, by simply tapping on the screen. For example, maybe this area is the focus of the shot I'm taking.
I just tap it with my finger. And instantly, the camera reevaluates the scene based on its measurements of that area. And then, I can take my photo. Basically, what this boils down to is, just tap the important part of the picture before you take your shot. If necessary, you can also lock in the exposure and focus by holding down on the subject area for a second or two. Notice it says AE/AF LOCK in the display now. This is useful if you want to lock in the exposure and focus, but then play around with the framing without your phone constantly trying to readjust for the lighting. You can unlock the exposure and focus by tapping anywhere else on the screen again. The camera can also detect faces in your shots.
So it can tell when you're taking a portrait of a single person or if you're taking a group shot. The camera automatically focuses on the more prominent face in the frame and adjusts the focus and exposure settings accordingly. But you can still tap anywhere on the screen to change the settings if you need to. And there are a couple of other options available, if you're shooting still photos. You can change to shooting your photos in a square ratio by switching over to the square mode. And, by the way, you can switch modes by swiping anywhere on the screen. You're not limited to just using the dial area to do so. The camera app in iOS 7 also comes with a selection of built in live effects. Many camera apps give you ability to process your photos after you shoot them.
But here you can tap the Effects button to see live previews of each effect, select one and you'll see exactly how your photo will look with that effect applied. Effects can be applied in either the square or regular photo modes. Once you choose an effect in either mode, that effect will continue to be applied until you switch back to the none setting. To review the photos you've taken, you can tap the tiny thumbnail image of the last picture you took. This takes you into your camera roll, which you'll look at more closely in an upcoming movie. But here you can swipe side to side to review your shots. And pinch open and close to zoom in and zoom out.
When you are done reviewing your photos, you can tap the screen once to reveal the interface buttons and then tap done to return to the camera. I also want to mention here that the iPhone is actually quite good at macro, or super close up shots, as well. If you get the camera within four to eight inches of your subject, it goes into macro mode. You can get surprisingly detailed close ups with your iPhone, since you can tap the area of importance to improve your exposure and focus. If you can't quite get the camera to focus on a certain area, move a little further away from your subject and try again. There are a couple of other options available here to check out as well.
If you have a device with a flash, by default the flash is set to auto, which let's the phone determine when the flash is needed. If it determines the scene is too dark, the flash will fire. You can also tap the flash button and choose off or on. When you choose on, the flash will always fire with each shot. This might be useful if you're shooting someone who's back lit, maybe with a sunset behind them, and you need the flash so your subject doesn't become a silhouette. If you choose to turn the flash off, it won't fire until you turn it back on. Turning the flash off is useful when you want to capture more of the natural lighting of the scene you're shooting or when your subject is too far away for the flash to matter.
So, just because you have a flash doesn't mean you have to use it. Also remember that you have a front facing camera. You can toggle between the main and front camera by pressing this button. This is great for taking self portraits since it takes all the guesswork out of whether or not you're framing yourself in the picture. Now obviously there's no button for the flash when you're using the front facing camera since the flash is on the other side of the phone. Also, this camera has a slightly lower resolution than the main camera, but it's still great to have the second camera for still shots as well as for using FaceTime, which we looked at earlier, and for shooting videos of yourself, which we'll look at later in this chapter. The last think I'd like to show you here is a really useful feature introduced in iOS 5.
Sometimes you need to get to your camera quickly in order to catch a shot. But it's really time-consuming to unlock your phone and locate and tap the camera app. By the time you get through that you might have missed your shot. So instead, when your phone is locked press the home or lock button, and notice the little camera icon in the lower right-hand corner. To quickly access the camera, drag that icon up, and the camera app opens right away. So that's shooting photos with the camera app.
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