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In this series on productivity, author Jess Stratton takes you through the latest tools that will help you run your business and life more efficiently. Each installment covers a particular feature or technique in a different online tool, such as Google Apps, Skype, YouTube, Mint.com, Etsy, and more. Check back every Monday for tips on topics from recording and publishing video chats to managing your finances online.
Welcome to Monday productivity pointers, I'm Jess Stratton. This week, we're still talking about getting you the fastest possible wireless connection you can get. In the last video, I showed you how to identify your weakest link, so you can fix it and get the speeds you should be getting. Now, I'm going to show you how you can get those promised 300 megabits per second transmit rates that are promised to you when you buy a wireless N speed router. I'm also going to explain to you the differences between frequency rates you can connect to.
So the first thing that you need to do is make sure that you have what's called a door band router which will allow you to choose what frequency to connect to. The choices are 2.4 gigahertz and five gigahertz. Most routers transmit wireless data over a 2.4 gigahertz frequency. In the last video, I talked to you little bit about wifi standards. Remember 802.11a and b, they came out at the same time. The standard of 802.11a used a different frequency, a five gigahertz frequency.
This is higher and more isolated, so the connection speed is faster, at a max of 54 megabytes per second. But the problem is it had a much shorter range. It also meant that the signal had a hard time getting through obstructions, like walls. So, it is an uncommon frequency, there's less interference. But you do get more speed, because it is wider and higher. However, the range is not so good. Now, the 802.11b standard utilized the more flexible 2.4 gigahertz frequency so that the range can be much more far reaching and stable.
Even though the max speed was slower, at 11 megabytes per second. A lot of things use this 2.4 gigahertz frequency, like cordless telephones and other routers, so you're sharing that frequency with all these other devices. However, it's still a stable and far reaching connection. Then we came out with the 802.11g standard which gave us the best of both worlds. It ran at a 2.4GHz frequency, so it was stable and far-reaching, and it maxed out at the A version of 54 megabytes per second.
So we had it good. But now we have the 802.11n standard, which gives us 100 plus megabits per second. And we also have the ability to run what's called a dual-band network. This lets us configure our router to run using the frequency of five gigahertz, which is nice and empty since no other household gadgets like phones use it, but also combine that with a stable 2.4 gigahertz frequency. So as the 5GHz connection is wider, if you have a wireless adaptor that supports that 802.11n standard, you can configure your router for speeds up to 300Mb/s.
I'm going to tell you right now what you have to do, and what has to be in place to achieve that. So, to reach 300 megabits per second, the first thing that you have to do is you have to make sure that you're on a device or a computer that supports the 802.11n protocol. And I showed you how to do that in the last video, by finding out what the make and model of your wireless adapter is, and then looking it up to see if it does indeed support that. The second thing that has to be in place is you have to have a dual-band router.
Once you've got that in place and you have configured your five gigahertz connection and your 2.4 gigahertz connection, you have to make sure your connected to the five gigahertz one. There's something else. You have to be in the same room as the router. Remember how one of the cons of that five gigahertz connection is that it can't really transmit its signal through walls very well. And it's not very far reaching, so in order to get those high speeds, you have to be very, very close to the router. Now that's why in the end of the last video, I said that if you can move your router, instead of being in the office where it's pretty commonly located, to near where your television set is.
Then that's a pretty good central point for your family, and you'll always be near the router. So think about what it would take to put your router and cable modem near your TV, instead of in an office. Finally, you have to make sure you're using a wifi security protocol of WPA2 with AES encryption. I'm going to show you that. I'm going to log into my router, and I'll show you what the configuration screen looks like. So you'll know what to look for when you're trying to configure your router.
I've logged into my router. And I did that by opening the browser, and logging in to the URL that they gave me. And I used the user name and password to access it. I then went over to the wireless setting tabs. In this case, I'm connected to a NetGear M600 wireless dualband router. And here's where I configure the name, the channel, and the mode of my network. So, because this is a dual band router, I have two different wireless networks to configure. I have the 2.4 gigahertz section.
And as you'll see, it's even telling me that any card that supports the B, G or N protocol can connect to this. I give it my name, I select a channel or I can use the default channel that it gives me. And under the mode, I need to make sure that I've selected up to 300 megabytes per second. Each wireless network also gets its own security options. So this is what I was talking about before. If you get a choice of all these security options, choose WPA2 with AES encryption. If I scroll down a little bit further.
Now you can see, here's my other wireless network option, my five gigahertz, which supports the A protocol and the N protocol. Again, I give it a name, and just so that I can be very clear which network I'm connecting to when I see it in my list of available wireless networks. Because now I'm going to get a choice of two, remember, I've clearly labeled them. One is 2 GHz, and one is five GHz. It's on a different channel. And again, with the mode, I want to make sure I've selected up to 300 MB per second.
And again with the security options, WPA2 with AES encryption. So with those things in place, if I close out of this and I'm given the ability to choose a wireless connection, say, on an iPhone or an iPad, I'll see two connections pop up. I'll see the choice of mysocratesnote2GHz and mysocratesnote5GHz. If I want to get that super fast 300 megabit per second connection, I need to choose the five gigahertz connection and preferably be in that same room.
Now, I can still connect to the five gigahertz one as long as it's in range. I just may not get those connection speeds. And in fact you may notice that your getting max speeds of 130 megabits per second. Now this is fast and it should be more than enough speed not to slow you down while you get your work or streaming done. If this is the case you're most likely on the 2.4 Ghz network and maybe that's all your wireless adapter card can support, and that's fine. It's stable and it's a far-reaching connection.
However, I know thats a big source of frustration from people on why they can't reach that 300 Mbps speed when their router tells you and your adapter tells you that you're supposed to get that connection. So if you follow along with those steps, you should be good to go.
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