Reading data from the internet
Video: Reading data from the internetBecause of the data that we're using comes from the network, we need to create a network connection and read that data before we can parse it and use it. For this, we'll use the NSURLConnection class. Start by making a working copy of BWRSS-XML-02, or in this case, the -done version. You can use your version from the previous lesson if you have it, which would not have this -done at the end. So, I'm going to make a working copy of this, and I'm going to rename it BWRSS-XML-03, and I'm going to go ahead and open the project by double-clicking on this Xcode project file.
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The iOS software development kit (SDK) includes the popular SQLite library, a lightweight yet powerful relational database engine that is easily embedded into an application. In this course, Bill Weinman teaches you how to build an RSS reader for iOS devices, integrating XML data and a streamlined interface. He explains how to use the SQLite database, display information in a table view, code view controllers, and create a preferences pane for your app. The resulting application is optimized for all iPhone and iPad displays.
- Prototyping the app
- Coding and working with a testbed
- Creating an Objective-C interface for SQLite
- Designing a database schema
- Creating the view controllers
- Reading and writing to the database
- Parsing the RSS feed with NSXMLParser
- Updating the item view with feed items
- Implementing the pull to refresh gesture for iOS 6
- Creating a universal application with multiple views
Reading data from the internet
Because of the data that we're using comes from the network, we need to create a network connection and read that data before we can parse it and use it. For this, we'll use the NSURLConnection class. Start by making a working copy of BWRSS-XML-02, or in this case, the -done version. You can use your version from the previous lesson if you have it, which would not have this -done at the end. So, I'm going to make a working copy of this, and I'm going to rename it BWRSS-XML-03, and I'm going to go ahead and open the project by double-clicking on this Xcode project file.
We have a working table view here, so now it's time to set up the NSURLConnection class, so we can grab the feed from the network. We're going to start by importing the BWUtilities, because we're going to use that for our error displays. We're going to come back out here to Finder, and we're going to grab a bunch of codes from this 03-NSURLConnection.txt file. This just has a lot of stuff in it that we don't want to have to type right now. We're going to start by grabbing a bunch of these constants.
These constants are used for a number of purposes. We'll take a look at them in a moment here. Copy that and just going to paste all of that right in here at the top of the Source file. This should be right after these imports and right before this class extension for private members. So these constants are used throughout the code for a lot of different purposes, both for the URL connection and for the parsing code, and it's just that we don't have to type a lot of these literal strings and having them all in one place makes it easier to make changes later.
So, this is just good programming practice, to use constants instead of literals. So, I'm going to press Command+S to Save that and come back out here to my text file, and I'm going to grab everything from here all the way to the end. We're just going to paste this in, and we'll look at it as we go through it. So, I'm going to copy, and I'm going to come down here all the way to the end of our code and just before the end marker there, I'm going to paste this all in, and you can see here, starting with our Support methods, we have loadRSSFeed, which creates the NSURLRequest object, and it uses the URL from the feedRecord.
And then it sets up the connection with the delegate as the self, that allows us to use all of these NSURLConnection delegate methods. It sets our networkActivityIndicator that's the little spinner in the bar at the top of the screen on our iOS device. Once that's started, then the NSURLConnection calls these delegate methods, which are again very simple. Set up the connection, we didReceiveResponse, we set that networkActivityIndicatorVisible again, and we set up a place to store the data.
Every time we receive data, we go ahead and appendData that accumulates it in our NSMutableDate object. When we're done, we'll go ahead and detachNewThread to parse the data. Now, we don't have our parser code set up in here yet, so I'm going to comment that out and in the event of an error, I have this didFailWithError, we go ahead and call our error code. So, we have this handlError down here and the errorAlert, which uses the alertMessage method from the BWUtilities, or if we have more data to display, it goes ahead and creates a UIAlertView.
So, in order for this to work, we need to call all this code some place. So, we're going to come back up here to our viewDidLoad--and I'm just going to take out all of these comments here--and I'm going to go ahead and call our loadRSSFeed, self loadRSSFeed, and we will compile, I am pressing Command+B on my keyboard. Build Succeeded. Make sure the iPhone Simulator is selected up here and press Run.
Now when I click on this, you see a little network indicator came up, but we don't have any indication yet that anything is happening. You can see the network indicator kind of flash up there. So, let's go back here in the code, and I'm going to press Command+Period to stop the Simulator. And in our DidFinishLoading in the URLConnection delegate, you notice where I commented out this detachThread for calling our parser that we don't have yet, I'm going to put in an NSLog, so we can see that we got to this point, which means that we have finished loading the data, and we have data.
I'm just going to type have data in the NSLog, press Command+S and press the Run button, and now when I click on one of these, you see we get that have data down here. Just make a little more room for that, and I'll go ahead and click on another one, we have data, and I'll click on another one, we have data. We see our little network indicator coming up there on the Carrier Bar at the top of the Simulator. So, I'm going to switch back to Xcode. Press Command+Period, and we've stopped running the Simulator. Now, our NSURLConnection is complete.
You can see it's pretty simple to use or at least it's a bit demystified. The delegate classes tend to appear less intimidating over time as you get to know them. Now, we are successfully reading the feed using our NSURLConnection object, and we have RSS data that we're ready to parse for the Item View.
Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about iOS SDK and SQLite: Building Data-Driven Apps (2013) .
Here are the FAQs that matched your search "" :
- Q: Why is the RSSDB library in the exercise files different than the one in the videos?
A: The RSSDB library had to be updated to work around a bug in the iOS 7 SDK.
There is a bug in the iOS 7 SDK that prevents the BWDB fast enumeration implementation from working on a device. The symptom is code that runs fine on the emulator, but not on a device. iOS devices use an ARM processor, while the emulator runs on your Mac's Intel processor. This points to the LLVM ARM code generator as the source of the bug. Because the bug appears to be in the LLVM compiler, it may be some time before it is fixed.
As a workaround we have changed the getFeedIDs and getItemIDs methods in the RSSDB library so they don't use Objective C fast enumeration.
Please note that this same bug also affects some of the BWDB testbed code in Chapter 2. The result is that it will run on the emulator but not on a device.
- Q: After upgrading to Xcode 5.1 I get an error that says:
"Used type va_list (aka_builtin_va_list) where arithmetic or pointer type is required"
- A: Please download the exercise files again to get the latest version of the BWDB library.
- Q: I'm using Xcode 6. Why am I getting error messages with the exercise files?
- A: A lot has changed in iOS since this course was released. The author is in the process of rewriting the code and updating the course for iOS 8. In the meantime he has prepared a version of the app that works in iOS 8 and Xcode 6. Download it here:http://ios.bw.org/
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