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In iMovie '11 Essential Training, author Garrick Chow illustrates the process of creating high-quality video using iMovie '11. The course covers the entire post-production process, from importing audio, video, and still images to adding effects, creating trailers, and sharing your finished projects on social networks. Also included are tutorials on adjusting audio levels, automatically identifying clips that include faces, and using green screen effects. Exercise files accompany the course.
In addition to marking your video clips as favorites or rejects, iMovie also gives you the ability to tag your video clips with keywords. Keywords are yet another way of keeping your library organized, and provide you with yet another way of quickly finding the clips you want to use. Basically, the way it works is you assign appropriate words to selected clips, like birthday, pets, vacation, wedding, and so on. Then later, when you're looking for vacation footage, you can bring up all the clips in your library that are tagged with the keyword "vacation." You can assign multiple keywords to your clips, too. So if you have footage of your pet celebrating their birthdays on vacation at a wedding, you can apply all of those keywords to the clips.
So let's see how this works. First, you want to make sure that you have the Advanced tools in iMovie turned on. We did this in a previous movie, but again you go to iMovie Preferences and under General, I will just make sure Show Advanced tools is checked. That makes, among other things, this key button appear in your toolbar. So to work with keywords, click this key button in the toolbar. That opens up the Keywords panel. Notice it's divided into two sections: we have Auto-Apply and Inspector. Let's look at Auto-Apply first. iMovie comes with seven built-in keywords for a variety of situations: Indoor, Outdoor, Landscape, Closeup, Wide Angle, People, and Pets.
So if any of my footage falls into one of these categories, I can add a keyword by checking it and then dragging to the proper selection of my event. So for instance, Outdoor, I could check that, and most of this is outdoor, but just as an example here. Just drag through this section and when I release watch what happens. You briefly see the word Outdoor appear there, and now we see a blue bar indicating that this video clip has been tagged with a keyword. So it's that easy to tag your video with keywords. You can even apply multiple keywords simultaneously by checking them and then dragging to select the parts you want to tag.
So maybe I want to tag something Outdoor and Closeup. And here we are, and we have this footage here of the surfboard being waxed, so I will just drag through that. Now I've tagged that particular section of the clip with both Outdoor and Closeup. Of course, you're not limited to just these seven keywords. You can use the Add button to add as many more keywords as you like. So if I do shoot a lot of footage of surfing, I might want to add keyword for that, so I can find my all surfing clips easily. So I will just type in Surfing, click Add, and now it's been added as one of keyword in iMovie.
Also, notice that there are numbers that appear next to the keywords as well. The first nine keywords in the list get assigned numbers, and you can press their corresponding numbers on your keyboard to assign a keyword to whatever you've selected. So just, for example, here let me uncheck everything. Let's say I want to tag some of my footage with the Surfing keyword. Well, its number is 8, so I'll press 8 on my keyboard. Notice it's checked right away, and now I can select some of that footage. Now the blue bar does tell me that I've assigned a keyword to that particular section of the clip, but you can't tell what keyword has been assigned just by rolling over it--at least not by default.
What you might want to do is go to the View menu and choose Playhead Info. Now when I role over clips, I see info about the clip, including any keyword that have been applied to it. So you can see we have this clip that's been tag with Outdoor. This one has both Closeup and Outdoor, and this one has Surfing. Let's go over to the Inspector side. Uncheck Surfing here, go to Inspector. Now, you will use this side if you prefer to select a clip first and then add a keyword. So here I can select some Surfing clips, and then I can either check Surfing or just press its number, 8 on the keyboard, to instantly tag that selection.
The Inspector side is also where you can check and uncheck any keywords you might've accidentally added to a clip. So that's how we tag our clips with keywords. But that's only the first half of working with keywords; the other half is actually using keywords to find clips. So down the road when it comes time to start assembling clips into a project, you can quickly find appropriate footage, or at least narrow down your footage, by clicking on the Show keyword pane button down here, which looks likes the magnifying glass. Check Filter by Keyword, and notice that each keyword has a red-and-green button next to it.
You click the green button to show all the clips that have been tagged with that particular keyword, and you click the red button to hide all the clips that have been tagged with that keyword. So now I'm looking at all the clips that have the Outdoor tag, but if I click the red side, now I'm looking at all the clips that don't have the Outdoor tag. You can click any combination of keywords. So if I want to see Closeup and Outdoor, I just click those two. Now down at the bottom of the pane, you can determine whether the clips need to have any of those checked keyword attached or all of them. So if I only wanted clips that had both Closeup and Outdoor, I'd click All.
And now we'd only see the clip that has both of those tags. Or you can click Any to see any clips that have either of those tags. This is also a good way to exclude any clips with these keywords. So I don't want to see any clips that have Closeup or Outdoor. Or I don't want to see any of the clips that have both Closeup and Outdoor. When you're done using this pane, you can uncheck Filter by Keyword and then close it, and that's how we tag our clips with keywords and search for them.
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