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Aside from the pre-defined basic shapes that we have available to us in iBooks Author, we can also create our own shapes by going up to the Shape menu, coming down and choosing the Pen tool down at the bottom. Now don't be intimidated by the Pen tool, it's actually pretty easy to use. To create a shape, all you need to do is click the mouse one time to create a point, move the mouse to a new location, and click the mouse again. You've now created a simple line. If you want to create a curved line, move the mouse to a new location, click and hold the mouse and then start to drag, and as you drag you'll create a curved point.
You'll use these handles to adjust the curve to get the correct shape that you're looking for. When you're happy with the shape, simply let go with the mouse. You can move the mouse to a new location. Again, click, hold, and drag, and you're able to create another curved point. If you want to create an open shape, all you need to do is press the Escape key on your keyboard to change away from the Pen tool, and you have your new line. Let's go ahead and create another line. We'll go up to the Shapes menu, we'll come back to the Pen tool, and this time we'll click and drag out handles to start with, then we'll come to a new location, click and continue dragging, and now we have a curve going both out of the first point and into the second point.
We'll release our mouse, move your Pen tool to a new location, click and drag. We'll come down a little bit further, click and drag, come back up to this side, click and drag. And then to create a closed shape, all we need to do is to click on the starting point. That'll create a completely closed shape. Now we can create both open shapes and closed shapes using our Pen tool. How about editing? If we come back, and we select one time on our line--and I'm going to go ahead and change my thickness of my line up to about 5 points, and I'm going to change the color so it's a little bit easier for us to see, to a nice orange color here.
Now, if we come back with the lines selected, and we click one time on it, we automatically get our editing points. We don't need to go up to the Format menu and make the line editable like we did with a pre-defined shape. With a hand-drawn shape, all we need to do is click on the line after the shape is selected. We can then click on any of the edit points and move them to a new location or use the handles to adjust the curves of the shape. If you want to add an additional point, all you need to do is move your mouse somewhere onto the line, hold down the Option key on your keyboard and your mouse cursor will change to the Pen tool with a small plus.
Click the mouse, and you'll add a new point onto your line. You can then drag that new point to a new location and adjust the handles. If you want to convert that point from a curved point to an endpoint, all you need to do is double-click the point, and it will automatically convert the curved point to an endpoint. If you want to get rid of a particular point, all you need to do is have it selected and then hit the Delete key on your keyboard and the point will go away and your line will automatically readjust to the two points that are on either side of the point that you just deleted.
These are some of the basics of working with the Pen tool. In the next movie, we'll create a little bit more complex shape and use that shape to mask an area of a photograph to make a really nice effect inside of our Explore California Travel Guide.
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